Part Ⅰ Writing （30 minutes）
Directions： For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic: ONE –OFF CHOPSTICKS. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese：
2. 餐厅的负责人解释说这是为了节约资源， 并保证这些餐具已经严格消毒；
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension （Skimming and Scanning）（15 minutes）
Directions： In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A,B, C and D. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Plastic Bag Pollution
The use of plastic bags has increased at an alarming rate since they became popular in the 1980s. Big black bin liners, plastic carrier bags carrying advertising logos, clear sandwich bags and a variety of other forms. They’re lightweight, handy and easily discarded. Too easily discarded. Just take a look around you. Plastic bags can be seen hanging from the branches, flying in the air, settled amongst bushes, and floating on rivers. They block up drains causing water and sewage to overflow and become the breeding grounds of bacteria that cause diseases.
Plastic bags are difficult and costly to recycle and most end up on landfill sites where they take around 300 years to decay. They break down into tiny toxic particles that pollute the soil and waterways and enter the food chain when animals accidentally consume them. But the problems surrounding waste plastic bags start long before they decay. Our planet is becoming increasingly endangered by our over-use of plastic bags.
Production of Plastic Bags
Plastic bags are made from ethylene (乙烯)，a gas that is produced as a by-product of oil, gas and coal production. Ethylene is made into polymers (聚合体)—chains of ethylene molecules — called polyethylene. This substance, also known as polythene, is used to produce a range of items, including plastic bags.
You have probably noticed two types of plastic shopping bags—the lighter, filmy bags you get from supermarkets and food outlets, and the heavier bags from other retail outlets, like clothing stores. The supermarket bags are made from high density polyethylene (HDPE), while the thicker bags are made from low density polyethylene (LDPE). Unlike HDPE, LDPE can not be recycled. While plastic bags may not be the most high tech application of plastics technology, it is certainly one of the most prevalent. According to Clean Up Australia, Australians use in excess of 6 billion plastic bags per year. If tied together these bags would form a chain that is long enough to go around the world 37 times. More than half of these bags (3.6 billion) are made from HDPE.
Dangers to Sea Life
Plastic bags are now amongst the top 12 items of waste most often found along the coastlines. Animals and sea creatures are hurt and killed every day by discarded plastic bags—a dead turtle with a plastic bag hanging from its mouth isn’t a pleasant sight but mistaking plastic bags for food is commonplace amongst marine animals. Plastic blocks their intestines (肠道) and leads to slow starvation. Others become entangled in plastic bags and drown.
Because plastic bags take hundreds of years to break down, every year our seas become “home” to more and more bags that find their way there through our sewers and waterways. Every bag that’s washed down a drain during rainfall ends up in the sea; every bag that’s flushed down a toilet ends up in the sea; every bag that’s blown into a river will most likely end up in the sea. One disquieting fact stemming from this is that plastic bags can become serial killers. Once an animal diet of plastic bags, it decays at a much faster rate than the bag. Once the animal has decomposed, the bag is released back into the environment more or less intact, ready to be eaten by another misguided organism. The incredibly slow rate of decay of plastic bags also means that each bag we use compounds the problem, because the bags simply accumulate.
Pollution Taxes & Bans
Different countries have adopted a range of approaches to discourage the use of plastic bags in an attempt to cut down on the number of bags finding their way into the environment. In South Africa for instance, where an estimated eight billion plastic bags are used annually, the government has implemented new regulations that will see only thicker, more durable plastic bags produced. As well as making them more suitable for reuse, it is hoped that the extra cost associated with their production and supply will prevent retailers giving the higher quality bags away, making their use a more expensive option for consumers.
The use of plastic bags is being discouraged in other places such as Singapore and Tainwan, while the tax imposed on the use of plastic shopping bags in Ireland has resulted in the use of plastic shopping bags being reduced by 90% in just six months. Prior to the 15 euro cent per bag tax, it was estimated that 1.2 million plastic shopping bags were being handed out in Ireland per year. The money raised from the tax will be used to fund environmental initiatives.
While anything that lowers our consumption is good, why wait until we’re hit financially before we change our habits when changes aren’t difficult to make?
How about taking previously used bags with you next time you go to the shops? Or even better—turn back time and do as grandma did and take a bamboo basket with you every time you go shopping. Shop-owners would rather you use their bags as they’re a convenient and cheap form of advertising, but what’s more important, shareholder profits or the environment?
Plastic bags can be re-cycled although only about one in every 200 ever finds its way to a recycling unit. Find out if there’s a re-cycling bin near you and , if not, ask your local authority for one.
Some countries have introduced so called “environmentally friendly plastic bags” that are biodegradable (可生物降解). These bags take about three years to break down into practically nothing and while that sounds like an attractive solution, the truth is that the process of breaking down these petrol-based bags causes carbon to become methane (甲烷) which is a greenhouse gas.
It’s also possible to get “plastic” bags manufactured from corn. These break down very quickly and give off no more methane than another corn product on landfill sites. Unfortunately, they’re more expensive to produce and few shops use them.
One question that’s often raised in connection with the plastic bag dilemma is what should be used to line bins if not plastic bags?
To answer that, let’s go back in time to when plastic bags were yet to become commonplace. What did we do?
For one, we had far less garbage. Goods had much less packaging than is the case today so we didn’t fill our bins as quickly. Peelings , eggshells, tea bags and coffee grounds were all used as compost (肥料) for crops, as was any paper that wasn’t needed for lighting fires. What was left went into an unlined bin with anything dirty or wet being wrapped in newspaper first.
If we choose carefully when shopping so as not to bring home more packaging than necessary—there’s really no point in bring it home just to throw it straight in the bin when we unpack, the amount of waste that goes into the kitchen bin will be halved , at least.
By refusing to use plastic bags, you can make a huge difference to the pollution problem. Remember that each person uses about 83 bags a year. If there are four people in your family, that’s 332 plastic bags less every year. That’s 332 bags less that will:
—release toxins into the ground water from landfill sites
—stay in the environment for hundreds of years
—get into the food chain through animals
—waste energy during the manufacturing process
—kill any of the estimated 100,000 marine animals that die each year of plastic pollution
These are all-important factors that have a profound affect on our environment and the creatures we share our planet with. Should we really put our own selfish needs before the needs of everything around us now and the lives of future generations? That’s up to you to decide.
1. Many thick, clothing-carrying plastic bags, made from ________, can hardly be recycled.
A. high density polyethylene B. low density polyethylene
C. oil and coal D. gas and cola
2. The annual use of plastic bags in ________ exceeds 6 billion.
A. Singapore B. Australia C. Ireland D. Taiwan
3. Plastic bags can become a horrible serial killer because of ________.
A. their toxic particles B. their lightweight
C. their incredibly slow rate of decay D. their overuse by people
4. In South Africa, in line with a new government regulation, ________ will be banned from production.
A. thicker, more durable plastic bags B. plastic bags suitable for reuse
C. thinner, short-living plastic bags D. thicker, higher-quality plastic bags
5. ________ , though friendly to the environment, cost too much in manufacture to widely used.
A. The petrol based bags B. The methane-releasing bags
C. The carbon-releasing bags D. he corn-based bags
6. What is bothering people in connection with plastic bag dilemma?
A. The question of what should be used to replace plastic bags as garbage bin liners.
B. The fact that only one in every 200 plastic bags end up being recycled.
C. The increasing amount of garbage.
D. The high cost involved in producing environmentally friendly bags.
7. It’s estimated that every year about ________ are killed by discarded plastic bags.
A. 10,000 animals B. 100,000 sea animals
C. 100,000 land animals D. 10,000 wildlife
8. The final destination of many carelessly discarded plastic bags is____________________.
9. In Ireland, following the collection of a 15 euro cent per bag tax, plastic bag usage has dropped by ________.
10. The so-called environmentally friendless bags are much quicker to break down, but will release a great deal of ______________________________.
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension （35 minutes）
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. A. The man might be able to play in the World Cup.
B. The man’s football career seems to be at an end.
C. The man was operated on a few weeks ago.
D. the man is a fan of world-famous football players.
12. A. Work out a plan to tighten his budget.
B. Find out the opening hours of the cafeteria.
C. Apply for a senior position in the restaurant
D. Solve his problem by doing a part-time job.
13. A. A financial burden. B. A good companion.
C. A real nuisance. D. A well-trained pet.
14. A. The errors will be corrected soon.
B. The woman was mistaken herself.
C. The computing system is too complex.
D. He has called the woman several times.
15. A. He needs help to retrieve his files.
B. He has to type his paper once more.
C. He needs some time to polish his paper.
D. He will be away for a two-week conference.
16. A. They might have to change their plan.
B. He has got everything set for their trip.
C. He has a heavier workload than the woman.
D. They could stay in the mountains until June 8.
17. A. They have to wait a month to apply for a student loan.
B. They can find the application forms in the brochure.
C. They are not eligible for a student loan.
D. They are not late for a loan application.
18. A. New laws are yet to be made to reduce pollutant release.
B. Pollution has attracted little attention from the public.
C. The quality of air will surely change for the better.
D. It’ll take years to being air pollution under control.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A. Enormous size of its stores. B. Numerous varieties of food.
C. Its appealing surroundings. D. Its rich and colorful history.
20. A. An ancient building. B. A world of antiques.
C. An Egyptian museum. D. An Egyptian Memorial.
21. A. Its power bill reaches $ 9 million a year.
B. It sells thousands of light bulbs a day.
C. It supplies power to a nearby town.
D. It generates 70% of the electricity it uses.
22. A. 11,500. B. 30,000. C. 250,000. D. 300,000.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. A. Transferring to another department.
B. Studying accounting at a university.
C. Thinking about doing a different job.
D. Making preparation for her wedding.
24. A. She has finally got a promotion and a pay raise.
B. She has got a satisfactory job in another company.
C. She could at last leave the accounting department.
D. She managed to keep her position in the company.
25. A. He and Andrea have proved to be a perfect match.
B. He changed his mind about marriage unexpectedly.
C. He declared that he would remain single all his life.
D. He would marry Andrea even without meeting her.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. A. They are motorcycles designated for water sports.
B. they are speedy boats restricted in narrow waterways.
C. They are becoming an efficient form of water transportation.
D. They are getting more popular as a means or water recreation.
27. A. Water scooter operators’ lack of experience.
B Vacationers’ disregard of water safety rules.
C. Overloading of small boats and other craft.
D. Carelessness of people boating along the shore.
28. A. They scare whales to death. B. They produce too much noise.
C. They discharge toxic emissions. D. They endanger lots of water life.
29. A. Expand operating areas. B. Restrict operating hours.
C. Limit the use of water scooters. D. Enforce necessary regulations.
Passage Two Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. A. they are stable. B. They are close.
C. They are strained. D. They are changing.
31. A. They are fully occupied with their own business.
B. Not many of them stay in the same place for long.
C. Not many of them can win trust from their neighbors.
D. They attach less importance to interpersonal relations.
32. A. Count on each other for help. B. Give each other a cold shoulder.
C. Keep a friendly distance. D. Build a fence between them.
Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. A. It may produce an increasing number of idle youngsters.
B. It may affect the quality of higher education in America.
C. It may cause many schools to go out of operation.
D. It may lead to a lack of properly educated workers.
34. A. It is less serious in cities than in rural areas.
B. It affects both junior and senior high schools.
C. It results from a worsening economic climate.
D. It is a new challenge facing American educators.
35. A. Allowing them to choose their favorite teachers.
B. Creating a more relaxed learning environment.
C. Rewarding excellent academic performance.
D. Helping them to develop better study habits.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
I’m interested in the criminal justice system of our country. It seems to me that something has to be done if we are to (36) ________ as a country. I certainly don’t know what the answers to our problems are. Things certainly get (37) _________ in a hurry when you get into them. But I wonder if something couldn’t be done to deal with some of these problems. One thing I’m concerned about is our practice of putting (38) _________ in jail who haven’t harmed anyone. Why not work out some system (39) _________ they can pay back the debts they owe society instead of (40) ________ another debt by going to prison and of course coming out the (41) ________ of hardened criminals. I’m also concerned about the short prison sentences people are (42) ________ for serious crimes. Of course one alternative to this is to (43) ________ capital punishment. But I’m not sure I would be for that. I’m not sure it’s right to take an eye for an eye. (44) ___________________________________________________________________________.
I also think we must do something about the insanity plea. In my opinion, anyone who takes another person’s life intentionally is insane. However, (45) _______________________________________________________________________. It said of course that a person may have to spend the rest of his life or (46) ____________________________________________________________________________.
Part IV Reading Comprehension （Reading in Depth） （25 minutes）
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of ch0ices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
When Roberto Feliz came to the USA from the Dominican Republic, he knew only a few words of English. Education soon became a 47. “I couldn’t understand anything,” he said. He 48 from his teachers, came home in tears, and thought about dropping out.
Then Mrs. Malave, a bilingual educator, began to work with him while teaching him math and science in his 49 Spanish. “She helped me stay smart while teaching me English,” he said. Given the chance to demonstrate his ability, he 50 confidence and began to succeed in school.
Today, he is a 51 doctor, runs his own clinic, and works with several hospitals. Every day, he uses the language and academic skills he 52 through bilingual education to treat his patients.
Roberto‘s story is just one of 53 success stories. Research has shown that bilingual education is the most 54 way both to teach children English and ensure that they succeed academically. In Arizona and Texas, bilingual students 55 outperform their peers in monolingual programs. Calexico, Calif., implemented bilingual education, and now has dropout rates that are less than half the state average and college 56 rates of more than 90%.In E1 Paso, bilingual education programs have helped raise student scores from the lowest in Texas to among the highest in the nation.
[A] wonder [B] acquired [C] consistently [D] regained [E]nightmare [F]native [G] acceptance [H] effective [I]hid [J] prominent [K] decent [L] countless [M] recalled [N] breakthrough [O]automatically
Directions ：There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
Passage One Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
“Tear’em apart！” “Kill the fool！” “Murder the referee（裁判） ！”
These are common remarks one may hear at various sporting events. At the time they are made, they may seem innocent enough. But let’s not kid ourselves. They have been known to influence behavior in such a way as to lead to real bloodshed. Volumes have been written about the way word affect us. It has been shown that words having certain connotations （含义） may cause us to react in ways quite foreign to what we consider to be our usual humanistic behavior. I see the term “opponent” as one of those words. Perhaps the time has come to delete it from sports terms.
The dictionary meaning of the term “opponent” is “adversary”; “enemy” “one who opposes your interests.” Thus, when a player meets an opponent, he or she may tend to every action no matter how gross, may be considered justifiable. I recall an incident in a handball game when a referee refused a player’s request for a time out for a glove change because he did not consider them wet enough. The player proceeded to rub his gloves across his wet T-shirt and then exclaimed, “Are they wet enough now？”
In the heat of battle, players have been observed to throw themselves across the court without considering the consequences the such a move might have on anyone in their way. I have also witnessed a player reacting to his opponent’s intentional and illegal blocking by deliberately hitting him with the ball as hard as he could during the course of play. Off the court, they are good friends. Does that make any sense？It certainly gives proof of a court attitude which departs from normal behavior.
Therefore, I believe it is time we elevated （提升） the game to the level where it belongs, thereby setting an example to the rest of the sporting world. Replacing the term “opponent” with “associate” could be an ideal way to start.
The dictionary meaning of the term “associate” is “colleague” ;“friend” ;“companion.” Reflect a moment！ You may soon see and possibly feel the difference in your reaction to the term “associate” rather than “opponent”.
57. Which of the following statements best expresses the author’s view？
A） The words people use can influence their behavior.
B） Unpleasant words in sports are often used by foreign athletes.
C） Aggressive behavior in sports can have serious consequences.
D） Unfair judgments by referees will lead to violence on the sports field.
58. Harsh words are spoken during games because the players_______.
A） are too eager to win
B） treat their rivals as enemies
C） are usually short-tempered and easily offended
D） cannot afford to be polite in fierce competitions
59. What did the handball player do when he was not allowed a time out to change his gloves？
A） He angrily hit the referee with a ball.
B） He refused to continue the game.
C） He claimed that referee was unfair.
D） He wet his gloves by rubbing them across his T-shirt.
60. According to the passage, players in a game may______.
A） kick the ball across the court with force
B） lie down on the ground as an act of protest
C） deliberately throw the ball at anyone illegally blocking their way
D） keep on screaming and shouting throughout the game
61. The author hopes to have the current situation un sports improved by ________.
A） regulating the relationship between players and referees
B） calling on players to use clean language in the court
C） raising the referee‘s sense of responsibility
D） changing the attitude of players on the sports field
Passage Two Questions 62 to 66 are based in the following passage.
Is there enough oil beneath the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge （保护区） （ANWR） to help secure America’s energy future? President Bush certainly thinks so. He has argued that tapping ANWR’s oil would help ease California’s electricity crisis and provide a major boost to the country’s energy independence. But no one knows for sure how much crude oil lies buried beneath the frozen earth, with the last government survey, conducted in1998, projecting output anywhere from 3 billion to 16 billion barrels.
The oil industry goes with the high end of the range, which could equal as much as 10% of U.S. consumption for as long as six years. By pumping more than 1 million barrels a day from the reserve for the next two to three decades, lobbyists claim, the nation could cut back on imports equivalent to all shipments to the U.S. from Saudi Arabia. Sounds good. An oil boom would also mean a multibillion-dollar windfall （意外之财） in tax revenues, royalties （开采权使用费） and leasing fees for Alaska and the Federal Government. Best of all, advocates of drilling say, damage to the environment would be insignificant. “We’ve never had a documented case of an oil rig chasing deer out onto the pack ice,” say Alaska State Representative Scott Ogan.
Not so fast, say environmentalists. Sticking to the low end of government estimates the National Resources Defends Council says there may be no more than 3.2 billion barrels of economically recoverable oil in the coastal plain of ANWR, a drop in the bucket that would do virtually nothing to ease America’s energy problems. And consumers would wait up to a decade to gain any benefits, because drilling could begin only after mush bargaining over leases, environmental permits and regulatory review. As for ANWR’s impact on the California power crisis, environmentalists point out that oil is responsible for only 1% of the Golden State’s electricity output ---and just 3% of the nation’s.
62. What does President Bush think of tapping oil in ANWR？
A） It will increase America’s energy consumption.
B） It will exhaust the nation’s oil reserves.
C） It will help reduce the nation’s oil imports.
D） It will help secure the future of ANWR.
63. We learn from the second paragraph that the American oil industry _________.
A） shows little interest tapping oil in ANWR
B） expect to stop oil imports from Saudi Arabia
C） tend to exaggerate America’s reliance on foreign oil
D） believes that drilling for ANWR will produce high yields
64. Those against oil drilling ANWR argue that ________.
A） it will drain the oil reserves in the Alaskan region
B） it can do little to solve U.S. energy problem
C） it can cause serious damage to the environment
D） it will not have much commercial value
65. What do the environmentalists mean by saying “Not so fast” （Line1, Psra.3）？
A） Don‘t be too optimistic. B） Don’t expect fast returns.
C） The oil drilling should be delayed. D） Oil exploitation takes a long time.
66. It can be learned from the passage that oil exploitation beneath ANWR’s frozen earth________.
A） involves a lot of technological problems B） remains a controversial issue
C） is expected to get under way soon D） will enable the U.S. to be oil independent
Part V Cloze （15 minutes）
Directions： There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C）and D） on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go further. The 67 you go about purchasing an article or a service can actually 68 you money or can add 69 the cost. Take the 70 example of a hairdryer. If you are buying a hairdryer, you might 71 that you are making the 72 buy if you choose one 73 look you like and which is also the cheapest 74 price. But when you get it home you may find that it 75 twice as long as a more expensive 76 to dry your hair. The cost of the electricity plus the cost of your time could well 77 your hairdryer the most expensive one of all. So what principles should you 78 when you go out shopping？If you 79 your home, your car or any valuable 80 in excellent condition, you’ll be saving money in the long 81. Before you buy a new 82, talk to someone who owns one. If you can, use it or borrow it to check it suits your particular 83. Before you buy an expensive 84, or a service, do check the price and 85 is on offer. If possible, choose 86 three items or three estimates.
67. [A] form [B] fashion [C] way [D] method
68. [A] save [B] preserve [C] raise [D] retain
69. [A] up [B] to [C] in [D] on
70. [A] easy [B] single [C] simple [D] similar
71. [A] convince [B] accept [C] examine [D] think
72. [A] proper [B] best [C] reasonable [D] most
73. [A] its [B] which [C] whose [D] what
74. [A] for [B] with [C] in [D] on
75. [A] spends [B] takes [C] lasts [D] consumes
76. [A] mode [B] copy [C] sample [D] mode
77. [A] cause [B] make [C] leave [D] bring
78. [A] adopt [B] lay [C] stick [D] adapt
79. [A] reserve [B] decorate [C] store [D] keep
80. [A] products [B] possession [C] material [D] ownership
81. [A] run [B] interval [C] period [D] time
82. [A] appliance [B] machinery [C] utility [D] facility
83. [A] function [B] purpose [C] target [D] task
84. [A] component [B] element [C] item [D] particle
85. [A] what [B] which [C] that [D] this
86. [A] of [B] in [C] by [D] from
Part VI Translation （5 minutes）
Directions： Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
87. _____________________________ (两天了都没有走出沙漠，又没有水喝)，his thirst was unquenchable.
88. By contrast, American mothers were more likely ________________（把孩子的成功归因于）natural talent.
89. If she had returned an hour earlier, Mary ___________________________ (就不会被大雨淋了).
90. We’d better struggle for the future _____________________________ (而不是为过去而懊悔).
91. Not until people can completely trust you ______________________________ (你才能对他们产生积极的影响).