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英语四级作文范文句型解析Unit12

cocotang 于2014-11-17发布 l 已有人阅读

Unit 12

范文句型分析:

1. To win first prize in the lottery is most people's dream.
    中一等奖是大多数人的梦想。
   解说:
a. 用不定式短语作主语,表欲完成的事,亦可用代词it以代替不定式。
   例:To climb Mt. Everest alone is the explorer's intention.
    - It is the explorer's intention to climb Mt. Everest alone.
       独自攀登珠穆朗玛峰是这位探险家的心愿。
      To run his own business is his desire.
    ->It is his desire to run his own business.
       开创自己的事业是他的欲望。
b. first prize一等奖
   注意:
   此短语之前通常不加定冠词the。同理,表“二等奖”、“三等奖”……应说:second prize , third prize...,之前均不置the.
   例:Carol easily won first prize in the speech contest.
      卡罗尔轻易赢得演讲比赛冠军。
c. lottery n.奖券
   例:You know what people say about lotteries-you can't win if you don't play.
      你知道大家对奖券是怎么说的—如果你不玩就不会赢。

2. If I were'the lucky one, 1 would spend many sleepless nights out of excitement planning for the future.
    如果我是那名幸运者,我会兴奋得花很多夜晚计划未来而不能成眠。
   解说:
a. 本句使用现在与事实相反的假设语气和与现在事实相反的假设法If十主语+过去式动词(如were , came , sang等)主语+过去式助动词(如would , could , might等)+动词原形
   例:If she had time off from work, she would take a vacation.
      如果她能从工作中抽出空来,她就会去度假。
h. sleepless   a.失眠的,不眠的
   sleepy   a.想睡的,磕睡的
  =drowsy 」
   例:Jenny spent many sleepless nights thinking about a vacation in Greece.
       珍妮好几个晚上不睡觉,满脑想的都是希腊假期。
      His long, dull speech made me sleepy.
       他那冗长的演讲令我昏昏欲睡。
      If you feel drowsy while you are driving, you should pull over and rest a while.
       你若开车时很困,就应停靠路边休息一下。
c. out of excitement 由于/出于兴奋
   out of + N   由于,出于
   excitement n.兴奋,激动
   例:She opened her mother's jewelry box out of curiosity.
       她出于好奇而打开妈妈的珠宝盒。
d. plan for…为……计划
   例:It's a good idea to plan for one's old age.
      为老年做计划是个好主意。

3. I would divide my money into two parts: half for my parents and half for myself.
    我会把钱分成两部分:一半给父母,一半留给我自己。
   解说:
   divide  vt .(划)分,除
   divide…into…分成……
  =split…into…
   break down…into… 分类/解成……
   例:The robbers split the loot into equal parts.
       这些抢匪把赃物平分。
      *loot n.赃物;掠夺物
      If you break down water into its individual elements, you get hydrogen and oxygen.
       水若分解,就是氢和氧。

4. Overseas travel would be the first thing that I would do.
     国外旅行将会是我想做的第一件事:
   解说:
a. overseas a.&adv 向(在)海外(的)
   例:The company's overseas trade is on the increase.
      这家公司的海外贸易正在增加中。
      Tom is well-read but has never been overseas.
      汤姆读了很多书,但从未出过国。
b. travel n.&vt.旅行,游历
   例:Elaine likes to travel whenever she has the time.
       伊莱恩一有空就喜欢旅行。
      I traveled to Australia last year.
      去年我到澳大利亚旅行。
c. be the first/last thing that sb would/will do
   某人最想做的第一件/最不愿做的一件事
   例:Cheating on the exam is the last thing Kathy would do.
      考试作弊是凯西最不愿做的一件事。

5. Romantic Europe, the wilds of Africa and mysterious Southeast Asia are the dreamlands that I would see.
    浪漫的欧洲、非洲的原野以及神秘的东南亚都是我想一窥其貌的乐土.
   解说:
a. romantic a.曼蒂克,浪漫的
   romance     n.曼史.恋史
    例:That movie was good, but it didn't have enough romance.
        那部电影很好但是不够罗曼蒂克。
b. wild 原野( pl.)&a.野生的
   例:The explorer has returned from the wilds ofAfrica.
      那位探险家已从非洲原野归来.
      Some wild animals are poached for their pelts.
      一些野生动物因其毛皮而被偷猎。
c. mysterious a.神秘的
   mystery  n.神秘,谜
   例:Who do you suppose wrote this mysterious note?
       你想这神秘的字条是谁写的?
      The boss' wife' s age remains a mystery.
      老板娘的年龄仍是个谜。
d. dreamland ['dri:mlaend ] rr.乐土,幻想中美好的地方
   例:Huangshan looks like a dreamland.
      黄山看起来像是梦中仙境。

6. I would be able to put the drudgery of studying aside and leave my world full of pressures far behind for a while.
    我就能够暂时把乏味的功课放在一边.将我那充满压力的小天地抛诸脑后。
   解说:
a. put…aside将……放在一边
   例:Put your homework aside for a while so I can talk to you.
      将你的家庭作业暂时放在一边,好让我跟你聊聊。
b. drudgery  n.辛苦乏味的工作(不可数)
   例:Most people feel that their jobs are nothing more than drudgery .
      大部分的人们认为他们的工作简直是煎熬。
c. leave…(far) behind将……抛诸脑后
   例:When you go on vacation,you should leave your worries far behind.
      你去度假时,就应将一切烦恼抛诸脑后。
d. …leave my world full of pressures far behind…
  =…leave my world which is full of pressures…
e. be full of…充满……
  =be filled with…
  例:This river is filled with minnows.
     这条河充满了小鱼。
  *minnow n.鲦鱼之类小型鱼
f. pressure n.压力
   例:This old water pipe can't take much additional pressure.
      这支老旧水管无法承受很多额外的压力。
g, for a whsle一会儿
   例:I stood at the bus stop for just a short while before the bus came.
      我只在那个公交车站等了一会儿公交车就来了。

7. Oh! If only I could win the lottery!
     啊!但愿我能中奖!
   解说:
   If only…!但愿/要是……就好了!
   注意:
   本句型只用于与现在事实或过去事实相反的假设语气中。换言之,本句型的时态只能用一般过去时(表与现在事实相反)或过去完成时(表与过去事实相反)。
a. 与现在事实相反:
   例:If only I were a bird!
      但愿我是只鸟就好了!
b  与过去事实相反:
   例:If only I had known the truth earlier!
      我要是早点知道事实就好了!

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