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英语四级作文范文句型解析Unit30

cocotang 于2014-12-03发布 l 已有人阅读

Unit 30

范文句型分析:
1.Traveling is one of the fastest and best ways to acquaint yourself with the world.
  旅游是认识这个世界最快最好的方式之一。
  解说:
  aequaint vt.使认识;使熟悉
  acquaintance  n.相认(的人)
  acquaint oneself with… 认识/熟悉……
  acquaint sb with sth 使某人认识某事
  get acquainted with… 认识...
  例:After reading ghost stories,Seth wondered how one acquainted oneself with spirits.
     读完鬼故事后,塞思想知道人是如何和鬼魂结识的。
     Picasso's original paintings acquainted me with abstract art.
     毕加索的原作使我认识了抽象艺术。
     Ben invited May to get acquainted with his pet piranhas.
     本邀请梅来了解一下他的宠物食人鱼。
     *piranha n.食人鱼
     Jay is not an acquaintance but a close fi-iend of mine.
      我和杰伊岂止认识,他是我的亲密好友。

2.The more involved you get,the more you learn.
  你投人越多,学得就越多。
  解说:
a.involve  vt.卷入;使陷(于)
  get/be involved in...  涉及/卷入……
  involve sb in…  使某人陷入/涉及……
  例:I have no intention of getting involved in your family affairs
     我无意卷入你们的家务事。
     Ted promised not to involve his brother in the matter.
     泰德答应不让他弟弟涉及此事。

3.It introduces you to magnificent scenery and broadens your mind.
  它将绝佳的景色呈现在你面前并开阔你的心胸。
  解说:
a.introduce sb to sth  使某人认识某事物
  introduce sth to sb  介绍某事物给某人
  introduce to sb sth  介绍给某人某事物
  例:Cary introduced surfing to Alice.
     卡里介绍冲浪运动给爱丽丝。
     Allow me to introduce to you the wisdom of the East.
     容我向你介绍东方的智慧。
b.magnificent  a.壮丽的;很棒的
  例:The mountains of Switzerland are magnificent.
     瑞士的山非常壮丽。
c.scenery n.风景(不可数)
  scene n.景色,风景(可数)
  scenic a.风景的
  scenic spot 风景区
  例:Looking out the window,you can see the beautiful scenery below.
     从窗口往外看.你可以看到下面美丽的风景。
     A trip to Hualien will introduce you to all the beautiful scenes you can find nowhere else.
     到花莲走一趟可以让你欣赏到其他地方看不到的美景。
     The group decided on a scenic spot for the picnic.
     那个团体决定了可供野餐的风景区。
d.broaden  vt.(使)开阔
  broaden one's mind 开阔某人的心胸
  例:Books do not necessarily broaden your mind.
     书本未必能开阔你的心胸。

4.While traveling,you can not only pick up the languages of various countries but also learn to appreciate their art and culture.
  旅行时,你不仅能学习不同国家的语言,也可以学习欣赏它们的艺术与文化。
  解说:
a.本文:
  While traveling, you can not only...
 =While you are traveling, you can not only...
  注意:
  while , when , if , once , though , unless等六个副词连接词所引导的状语从句的主语若与主句的主语相同时,则此状语从句可简化为副词短语。其规则如下:
  (1)去掉副词从句中之主语;
  (2)其后动词化为现在分词;
  (3)现在分词若为being时,可予以省略。
  例:If you are (being) interested, you can give skiing a try.
     If interested,you can give skiing a try.
     如果有兴趣的话,你可以试试滑雪。
     Though he is (being)poor, he has many friends.
     Though poor, he has many friends.
     他虽然穷,却有许多朋友。
b.pick up…(无意中)学会/得到……
  例:John picked up some Spanish during his short stay in Mexico.
     约翰在墨西哥短暂停留期间学了一些西班牙文。
c.various   a.形形色色的,各种不同的
  例:Greg thought of various ways to quit smoking,but none worked.
     格雷格想了各种方法来戒烟,却没有一个方法是成功的。
d.appreciate vt.欣赏;感激
  appreciation n.欣赏;感激
  in appreciation of… 为感谢……
  例:Megan never learned to appreciate music.
     梅根从没学过如何欣赏音乐。
     They gave a gift to Debra in appreciation of her great sacrifice.
     他们送给黛博拉一份礼物以感谢她所做的重大牺牲。

5.I'm especially interested in learning about the local customs and unique activities of different places.
  我对学习有关当地的习俗与不同地方的独特活动特别感兴趣。
  解说:
a.especially adv.特别地
  例:Nick was especially interested in animal behavior.
     尼克对动物行为特别感兴趣。
b.interest vt.使感兴趣&n.兴趣
  be interested in…对……感兴趣
  show an interest in…对……表示有兴趣
  例:Sally did not expect her boyfriend to be interested in knitting.
     萨莉并不期望她男友会对编织感兴趣。
     As a child,Ed began to show an interest in ghost stories.
     艾德小时候就开始对鬼故事感兴趣了。
c.local  a.当地的&n.当地人
  例:Melvin asked a local for directions.
     梅尔文向一位当地人问路。
d.custom   n.习惯;习俗
  例:Different countries have different customs.
     不同国家有不同的风俗习惯。
e.unique  a.独特的
  be unique to.是……所特有的
  例:The kangaroo is unique to Australia.
     袋鼠是澳大利亚特有的动物。

6.Visiting a strange place can be adventurous and exciting.
  游览陌生的地方可能会充满冒险和刺激。
  解说:
a.adventurous  a.充满冒险和刺激的;爱冒险的
  adventure   n.冒险,历险
  例:Sandy had a reputation for being an adventurous girl.
     桑迪是一个出了名爱冒险的女孩。
     James thought experinnenting with hypnosis was a great adventure.
     詹姆斯认为接受催眠实验是一种很棒的冒险。
     *hypnosis n.催眠(状态)
b.exciting a.令人兴奋的,刺激的
  excited  a.感到兴奋的
  be excited about… 对……感到兴奋
  例:There was something especially exciting about Michael Jackson's eyes.
      迈克尔·杰克逊的目光中有种特别令人兴奋的神情。)
     The mother told the child not to be so excited about video games.
      妈妈告诉孩子不要太热衷电子游戏。

7.If you don't take a trip to another country, you will never realize how wonderful it is.
  如果你不到别的国家旅行的话,便永远不会明白那会有多棒。
  解说:
a.take a trip to+地方名词 到某地旅行
  例:Take a trip to Paris and have the adventure of your Iife!
     到巴黎去旅行,享受人生的历险吧!
b.realize vt.了解;实现
  例:Do you realize that you're an hour late?
     你知道你迟到了一个小时吗?
     David sought to realize his dream of becoming a famous pianist.
     大卫想要实现当名钢琴家的梦想。
c.wonderful a.极好的

8.In exotic places,it's easier to relax and forget your worries.
  在富有异国情调的地方比较容易放松身心,忘却你所有的烦恼。
  解说:
a.exotic a.异国情调的;奇异/特的
  例:Mel has never seen anything as exotic as a belly dance before.
     梅尔以前从未看过像肚皮舞那样富有异国风味的表演。
b.relax vi.&vt.放松
  例:As soon as the horror movie was over, Charles had a drink to relax his nerves.
     恐怖电影一结束,查尔斯就喝了杯酒放松一下紧张的情绪。
c.worry n.烦恼(事)&vt.&vi.(使)担心
  worry sb sick 使某人担心得要死/命
  be worried about...担心……
 =worry about...
  例:The child's absence from school worried the mother sick.
     那小孩没去上学令他母亲担心得要命。
     Thelma knew her father would be worried about her, so she left the party early.
     塞尔玛知道她父亲会担心她,所以她很早就离开那个派对。

9.What's more, such places provide opportunities to meet different and interesting people.
  此外,这样的地方也会使你有机会遇见各种各样有趣的人物。
  解说:
a.What's more,…此外/而且,……
  =Moreover,…
  =Furthermore,…
  例:You have to pay; moreover, not only do you have to pay,but you'll have to pay twice as much.
     你必须付费;而且不只必须付费,还要付双倍。
b.opportunity  n.机会
  例:Opportunity seldom knocks twice.
     勿失良机—谚语。

10.Why not plan for a trip right now?
   何不马上就计划一趟旅行?
   解说:
   Why not+动词原形? 何不……?
   例:Why not jump and see if the parachute opens?
      为什么不跳下去看看降落伞会不会打开?

11.You won't regret it.
   你不会后悔的。
   解说:
   regret  vt.后悔
   regretful a.后悔的;遗憾的(以人作主语)
   regrettable a.可叹的;令人遗憾的(修饰事物)
   regret + N/V-ing  后悔曾经……
   regret to V  抱歉要……
  例:Cathy regrets going abroad to study.
     卡西后悔到国外念书。
     I regret to inform you that you have been infected with a dangerous virus.
     我很抱歉要通知你,你感染了一种危险的病毒。
     I am regretful that I couldn't make it to your wedding.
     我很遗憾没能参加您的婚礼。
     It is regrettable that you failed the entrance exam.
     你未能通过人学考试真是令人遗憾。
 

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