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关于虚拟语气的翻译练习题和答案及考点-英语六级翻译常考语法总结及练习和答案

kira86 于2012-05-07发布 l 已有人阅读

关于虚拟语气的翻译练习题和答案,及虚拟语气这一语法知识点在英语六级翻译中的常考考点讲解。

1) i wish _______________(我年轻的时候有你们这样的机会).

答案及考点: i had had your opportunities when i was young

(考点:i wish后的that从句中用过去完成式表示过去没有实现或不可能实现的愿望)

2) if only _______________(他知道这病是可以治好的)! then he would not have killed himself.

答案及考点: he had known this disease is curable

(考点:if only 引导的感叹句表示“但愿”或“要是……就好了”,用法与 i wish…基本相同)

3) —— would you like him to paint your door with yellow stars?

—— i’d rather he _______________(漆成蓝色的,而且不带任何装饰).

答案及考点: painted it blue, and without any decorations

(考点:would rather 后的that从句中用过去式表示不是事实)

4) it’s high time that _______________(采取措施解决交通堵塞的问题).

答案及考点: measures were taken to solve the problem of traffic jams

(考点:it’s (about/high) time 后的that从句中用过去式,表示“该是……的时候了”)

5) hugh usually talks _______________(仿佛在大会上发表演说似的).

答案及考点: as though he were delivering a speech at an assembly

(考点:as if / as though引导的从句中用过去式表示和现在事实相反或对现在情况有所怀疑)

6) we insist that _______________(让杰克立刻进医院).

答案及考点: jack (should) be sent to hospital right now

(考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的宾语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

7) it was advised that _______________(在居民区设立更多的流动商店).

答案及考点: more mobile shops (should) be set up in the residential area

(考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的主语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

8) his proposal was that _______________(他们成立一个专门委员会来检查这个问题).

答案及考点: they (should) set up a special board/committee to examine this problem

(考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的表语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

9) we are going to discuss his suggestion that _______________(取消期中考试).

答案及考点: the mid-term exams (should) be canceled

(考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的同位语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

[表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词及其名词常见的有:advise (advice), agree (agreement), decide (decision), decree, demand, determine (determination), grant, indicate (indication), insist (insistence), order, prefer (preference), propose (proposal), request, require (requirement), resolve (resolution), stipulate (stipulation), suggest(suggestion), urge, vote;常见的这类动词还有:allow, arrange, ask, beg, concede, demonstrate, ensure, intend, move, pledge, pray等]

10) it is ridiculous that _______________(我们在一个总是下雨的国家还缺水).

答案及考点: we (should) be short of water in a country where it is always raining

(考点:在it is/was +形容词后的that从句中常用“sb. should do”的形式表示建议惊奇等。这类形容词常见的有:advisable, anxious, appropriate, compulsory, crucial, desirable, eager, essential, fitting, imperative, important, impossible, improper, natural, necessary, obligatory, preferable, proper, urgent, vital, willing等)

11) it is essential that _______________(每个人都为紧急情况做好准备).

答案及考点:everyone (should) be prepared for emergency

(考点:同上)

12) _______________(如果他按照我告诉他的办法订票), we would have had quite a comfortable journey.

答案及考点:if he had booked tickets in the way i told him

(考点:在非真实条件句中用过去完成式表示与过去的事实相反)

13) i was to have made a speech _______________(要不是有人把我的话打断了).

答案及考点:if i had not been interrupted

(考点:同上)

14) it didn’t rain last night. _______________(要是下了,地就会湿的).

答案及考点:if it had rained, the ground would be wet

(考点:在非真实条件句中,当主句与从句表示的动作不是同时发生时,就根据情况用适当的谓语动词形式)

15) _______________(如果我一直住在纽约), i would know the u.s. well now.

答案及考点:if i had been living in new york

(考点:同上)

16) if the doctor had not come in time, _______________(他现在就不在人间了).

答案及考点:he would be dead now

(考点:同上)

17) but for his help, _______________(我们就不会以这么低的价格租到房子了).

答案及考点:we could not have rent a house at such a low price

(考点:but for经常作为非真实条件句中if的代用语)

18) i used my calculator; _______________(否则,我会花更长的时间才能算出这道题).

答案及考点:otherwise, it would have taken me more time to work out this question

(考点:otherwise也经常作为非真实条件句中if的代用语)

19) were i in your place, _______________(我会毫不犹豫地抓住机会).

答案及考点:i would seize the opportunity without hesitation

(考点:在非真实条件句中如果有were, had, should这三个词,可以省去if,采用主谓语倒装的形式来表示条件)

20) had it not been for their opposition, _______________(这项法案早就通过了).

答案及考点:this act would have been passed much earlier

(考点:同上)

21) should there be another world war, _______________(人类的继续存在就会有危险).

答案及考点:the continued existence of the human race would be in jeopardy

(考点:同上)

22) he walked lightly _______________(以免惊醒婴儿).
 
答案及考点:lest he should awaken the baby

(考点:lest (以免)引导的从句通常用sb. should do的形式表示虚拟)

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