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淘金高阶英语六级巅峰阅读 短句问答06:法律与犯罪

rainbow82 于2014-04-23发布 l 已有人阅读

淘金高阶英语六级巅峰阅读

短句问答06:法律与犯罪

crime is not random. but exhibits certain regularities. it occurs more frequently at certain times,in certain groups, at certain places. and under certain conditions. that is to say, crime has its own cycles, a magazine reported some years ago. police records that were studied for five years from over 2,400 cities and towns correspondingly show a surprising link between changes in the season and crime patterns.

the pattern of crime has varied very little over a long period of years. for particular types of crime, e.g. murder or robbery,variation occurs by season,day, and time of occurrence. generally speaking, murder is more likely to occur during the late spring and summer, peaking in july and august, as are rape and other violent attacks. moreover, murder, is more than seasonal: it is a weekend crime.it is also a nighttime crime: 62 percent of murders are committed between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m.

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unlike the summer high in crimes of bodily harm, burglary has a different cycle. it is reported that robbery occurs more frequently in the cold winter months reaching its peak during the holiday season. that's why you are most likely to be robbed becween 6 p.m. and 2 a.m. on a saturday night in december, january, or february. what is the most uncriminal month of a11? may-ex-cept for one strange statistic. more dog bites are reported in this month than in any other month of the year.

apparently our intellectual seasonal cycles are completely different from our criminal tendencies. professor huntington, of the foundation for the study of cycles, made extensive studies to discover the seasons when people read serious books, attend scientific meetings, make the highest scores on examinations, and propose the most changes to patents. in all instances, he found a spring peak and an autumn peak separated by a summer low. on the other hand, professor huntington's studies indicated that june is the peak month for suicides and admissions to mental hospitals. june is also a peak month for marriages!

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possibly soaring thermometers and high humidity bring on our strange and terrifying summer actions, but police officials are not sure.  "there is,of course, no proof of a connection between hurnidity and murder." they say.  "why murder's high time should come in the summertime we really don't know."

参考译文

[1]犯罪行为不是随机发生的,而是呈现出某些规律。在某些时间、地点、条件下,在某些人群当中,犯罪行为发生得更频繁些。也就是说,[l]犯罪行为有其自身的周期性。几年前某份杂志这样报道说。研究人员对2400多个城镇的立案犯罪记录作了为期5年的研究,这些记录一致表明,季节变化和犯罪模式之间存在着令人惊讶的关联。

犯罪模式在长时间里鲜有变化。某些特定的罪行,比如谋杀和抢劫,是随季节、日期和发生的时间而发生变化的。[2]一般来说,谋杀更可能发生在晚春和夏季,于7月和8月达到高峰。强奸和其他暴力犯罪也是如此。此外,谋杀不只是与季节有关,它还是一种周末犯罪行为。这种犯罪行为也常发生于夜间:62%的谋杀案是在下午6点到凌晨6点之间发生的。

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涉及身体伤害的犯罪行为多发生在夏天,而夜间入室盗窃行为则与之不同,它有着另一种周期。据报道,抢盗行为在寒冷的冬季月份里发生得更多一些,且在假日到达高峰。[3]因此,在12月、1月或者2月的星期六晚上6点至凌晨2点人们最容易遭到抢劫,那么哪一个月份里犯罪行为最少呢?5月份——[4]不过有一项奇怪的统计数据:据报道,5月份被狗咬伤的案件比其他任何一个月份都多。

显然我们智力活动的季节性周期与我们的犯罪倾向是完全不同的。“周期研究基金会”的huntington教授做了广泛的研究,以找出人们阅读严肃读物、参加科学会议、取得最好考试成绩以及为专利提出最多修改的季节。[5]在所有的研究生中他都发现,春秋两季人们的智力活动达到高峰,而在之间的夏季智力活动则处于低价。另-方面,huntington教授的研究还表明,6月是自杀和精神病院入院人数最多的月份,而且6月也是结婚的高峰月份!

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或许夏天气温高、湿度大,致使我们的行为变得怪异而可怕,可是警察却不能确信这一点。他们说:“没有任何证据表明湿度和谋杀之间有着关联。我们真的并不知道为什么凶杀案件在夏天发生得最多。”

测试题

1.a surprising link between changes in the season and crime patterns implies that__________________.

2.according to the passage, murder occurs most frequently in the months of_____________________.

3.according to the passage, a winter midnight is most probably the time for_____________________________.

4.what unusual thing is found in may?

5.what are our intellectual seasonal cycles according to professor huntingcon?

答案详解

1.[crime has its own eycles/crime exhibits some regularities]
[定位]根据link between changes in the season and crime patterns定位于第1段。
解析:本题实质上是问文章的主题。原文第1句是主题句,随后的第3句用that is to say引出另一种方式来点明主题,故答案可以从这两句得出。

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2.[july and august]
[定位]根据murder定位于第2段。
解析:第2段第3句中的peaking与题目中的most frequently表意一致,因此答案为peaking之后的两个月份。

3.[burglary/robbery]
[定位]根据winter midnight锁定第3段第3句。
解析:第3段第3句中的december, january, or february正是题干中的winter;且题干中midnight是该句中的between 6 p.m.and 2 a.m.的一个时间点。题干中的most probably也对应该句中的most likely,故可推断答题关键在于该句中的be robbed,而由题干中的for可知此空需填入名词,与for -起构成介宾短语,故答案为rob的名词形式robbery。此外,第3段第1句中的burglary为robbery的同义词,在该段中作为同一种犯罪行为而被提及,故也可为答案。

4.[more dog bites occur in this month./there are more dog bites in may.]
[定位]根据may锁定第3段最后两句。
解析:第3段的倒数第2句提到5月份有一项奇怪的统计数据,题干中的unusual thing正对应此句,而随后的一句是对这一句的具体说明,即本题的答案。

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5.[peaks in both spring and autumn separated by a summer low]
[定位]根据professor huntington锁定第4段。
解析:解题的关键词是第4段第3句中的in a1l instances,意为“所有的研究”,实指上文提到的关于intellectual seasonal cycles的所有研究,故可推断下文提及的正是这些研究得出的总结,只需简单改写即为本题答案。

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