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英语六级模拟试卷25套(05) ---- 听力

part Ⅰlistening comprehension(20 minutes)
section a

1.a) the man should try to be more understanding.
b) the man’s wife should be more understanding.
c) the man’s negative attitude may be derived from his childhood.
d) the pessimism of man’s wife may be the result of her past experiences.

2.a) a snowstorm.b) an earthquake.c) a traffic accident.d) a hurricane.

3.a) the two speakers are classmates.
b) the man is majoring in elementary education.
c) the woman is majoring in elementary education.
d) the two speakers got to know each other in a class.


4.a) she’s got a stomachache.
b) she feels perfectly fine.
c) she’s going .
d) she’s going to have a baby.

5.a) it is the best city he’s ever visited.
b) it was worse than he had expected.
c) it is difficult to get around in the city.
d) the hotel service is terrible in the city.

6.a) to encourage them. b) to stop them immediately.
c) to give some explanation. d) to leave them alone.

7.a) unemployment.b) family breakup.c) mental problems.d) drinking.

8.a) the woman is the man’s boss.
b) the man is the woman’s husband.
c) the woman is the headmaster of a school.
d) the woman wants to know something about a student.

9.a) they are attending a concert.
b) they are negotiating about a price.
c) they are planning to go for a date.
d) they are buying something for their firm.

10.a) the man is a football fan.
b) the man needs the woman’s help.
c) the man didn’t watch tv last night.
d) the man often has power failure at home.


section b
directions: in this section, you will hear a passage three times. when the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. when the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from s1 to s7 with the exact words you have just heard. for blanks numbered from s8 to s10 you are required to fill in the missing information. you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. shy people are anxious and (11); that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. (12) thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: what kind of impression am i making? do they like me? do i sound stupid? am i wearing (13) clothes?

it is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people (14). a person’s selfconcept is (15) in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s (16). in general, the way people think about themselves has a (17) effect on all areas of their lives.

shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their inferiority. (18). a shy person may respond to a compliment with a statement like this one:“you’re just saying that to make me feel good. i know it’s not true.”(19).

can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? (20). people’s expectations of themselves must be realistic. living on the impossible leads to a sense of inadequacy.

11.【答案】self-conscious
12.【答案】worrisome
13.【答案】unattractive
14.【答案】adversely
15.【答案】reflected
16.【答案】reactions
17.【答案】profound
18.【答案】they also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise.
19.【答案】it is clear that, while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.
20. 【答案】since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self-esteem, it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths.

听力原文:
section a
1.m:i couldn’t put up with my wife any longer. i don’t know why she usually wants to look at everything in such a negative way.
w:maybe you should try to get to know something about her childhood.
q:what does the woman mean?
2.m:lucy, could you describe what you were doing at the moment?
w:well, i was still sleeping at 6 o’clock. then there was this horrible sound and the floor was just bouncing and rolling like waves, all at the same time.
q:what are the speakers talking about?
3.w:hi, peter. i was surprised to see you in the class in children’s literature yesterday. are you also majoring in elementary education?
m:no, i’m not. but as a psychology major i can use this to fulfill the requirement in developmental psychology.
q:what do you learn from the conversation?
4.w:dr. cassidy. i’m actually fine. it’s just that i’ve been a little tired the last few days, and my stomach is kind of upset.
m:well, that doesn’t surprise me. i have some news that you might find exciting. you’re pregnant.
q:what do you know about the woman?
5.w:mike, how did you enjoy your trip? what did you think of los angeles?
m:it was alright. i liked it better than i thought i would. the problem is transportation. the bus service is terrible, and they don’t have a subway.
q:what does the man think of los angeles?
6.w:dr. weinstein, should parents let their children watch television or read about the war?
m:if parents are going to let their kids read or watch television coverage of the war, it’s important for them to read along and help their kids interpret what they’re reading or seeing.
q:what should parents do if their children watch television or read about the war?
7.w:tony, who are the street people? how did they get to be living in the street?
m:well, some of them lost their jobs, some of them have mental problems, and some of them drink.
q:which of the following factors is not mentioned as a cause of becoming street people.?
8.m:miss hanson, thank you for sending me this note. i’m sorry to hear mario is being a problem.
w:i’m not sure what’s happening to mario. he’s usually an excellent student. he completes all his work and he’s quiet in class. then, last month, he just changed.
q:what can you infer from the conversation?
9.w:this is our rockbottom price, mr. li. we can’t make any further concessions.
m:if that’s the case, there’s not much point in further discussion. we might as well can the whole deal off.
q:what are the man and the woman doing?
10.w:you don’t look smart this morning. i can see you’re not happy. come on, what happened?
m:i had never expected this would have happened to me. we had a power failure at home last night and i missed most of football match.
q:what can we infer from the conversation?

section b
shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. shy people are anxious and (11)selfconscious; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. (12)worrisome thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: what kind of impression am i making? do they like me? do i sound stupid? am i wearing (13)unattractive clothes?
it is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people (14)adversely. a person’s selfconcept is (15)reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s (16)reactions. in general, the way people think about themselves has a (17)profound effect on all areas of their lives.
shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their inferiority. (18)they also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise. a shy person may respond to a compliment with a statement like this one:“you’re just saying that to make me feel good. i know it’s not true.” (19)it is clear that, while selfawareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.
can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? (20)since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of selfesteem, it is important for people to accept their weaknesses as well as their strengths. people’s expectations of themselves must be realistic. living on the impossible leads to a sense of inadequacy.

听力答案与详解:
section a
1.【答案】d。
【试题分析】判断推理题。
【详细解答】男士不明白其妻子为什么总是以否定的态度看待一切,女士说他应该了解一下其妻子孩童时代的事情。从这位女士的话中可以推断出,其妻子的悲观态度可能是自小形成的,即d。
2.【答案】b。
【试题分析】判断推理题。
【详细解答】男士让女士描述一下当时的情形,女士说当时她正在睡觉,突然听到一阵可怕的声音,地板掀了起来,并像波浪一样摇晃,而这一切都是同时发生的。这显然不会是发生了暴风雪(snowstorm)和交通事故(traffic accident),飓风(hurricane)也不会掀起室内地板。所以四个选项中,地震(earthquake)是最符合这一情形的。
3.【答案】c。
【试题分析】分析比较题。
【详细解答】女士昨天在儿童文学班碰到彼德,感到很诧异;于是问彼德是不是也主修基础教育(这句话表明她自己主修基础教育,即c项)。彼德说不是(可以排除b 项),他主修心理学,因为学习发展心理学的需要而前来听课。再比较四个选项,他们显然不是同学(可以排除a),因为女士碰到男士时感到吃惊;他们也不是在班上认识的(可以排除d),因为他们并不在同一个班。
4.【答案】d。
【试题分析】词义理解题。
【详细解答】女士说自己最近几天感觉累,并且反胃;医生说她怀孕了,所以她将生小孩。关键词是pregnant(怀孕的)。
5.【答案】c。
【试题分析】归纳总结题。
【详细解答】女士问迈克洛杉矶之行的感受,迈克说还不错,问题是交通,洛杉矶的公汽服务太可怕了,并且还没有地铁。这些归纳起来,可以说明在洛杉矶市内行走不便,即c。
6.【答案】c。
【试题分析】词义理解题。
【详细解答】女士问父母应不应该让孩子观看战争题材的电视或书籍,医生说如果让他们看的话,父母应该陪在旁边,并帮助他们理解所看或所读内容。关键词是along(而不是alone)和help sb. interpret(帮助某人理解,即“解释”)。
7.【答案】b。
【试题分析】获取信息题。
【详细解答】女士问男士,在街上流浪的是哪些人?男士说,有失业的,有精神病患者,还有一些酒鬼。这些信息中没有“家庭破裂者”(选项b)。
8.【答案】d。
【试题分析】判断推理题。
【详细解答】女士送给男士一张便条,说玛里奥成了“问题”学生。男士对此感到难过。女士说她不能确定玛里奥到底出了什么事,他一直是个优秀的学生,能够完成所有作业,在课堂上很安静;但自上个月以来,他变了。这位女士将此事告之男士,说她不明白玛里奥变化的原因,说明她想了解这位学生的情况,即d。
9.【答案】b。
【试题分析】获取信息题。
【详细解答】女士说出她的最低价,并表示不能再让步;男士说既然如此,就无需再讨论了,他们将取消整笔交易。关键词是rock bottom price(最低价),can the whole deal off(取消整笔交易,can在此为动词,表示解雇,取消)。
10【答案】a。
【试题分析】判断推理题。
【详细解答】女士问男士为什么不高兴,他说昨晚家里停电,他错过了大半场足球比赛。可见这位男士是个足球迷。
section b
内容概要:
本段听力材料讲的是羞怯的人常见的行为方式,和他们给周围人所带来的不良影响,以及这些人的内心想法。作者认为羞怯的人应该对自己有个正确而现实的认识,不要生活在一些不可能的假设之中。
11.【答案】self-conscious
【详细解答】本空所在的这一句中,前面有anxious和and,可以肯定11是一个与anxious(忧虑的)相近的形容词。再看前面的主语是shy people,那么羞怯的人一般是忧虑和忸怩。结合音,可知此空应填self-conscious(不自然的;忸怩的)。
12.【答案】worrisome
【详细解答】从本句结构来看,空处应填一个形容词,而且修饰thoughts(想法)。羞怯的人心中常常会有什么样的想法呢?从录音中很容易听出worry这个词的音,但该词不能作形容词用。那么以worry的音开头的形容词有哪些呢?有worried, worrying, worrisome, worriless。从意思上看,worriless应该去掉。再结合该单词的后半部分发音,可知应该填worrisome(使人烦恼的)。
13.【答案】unattractive
【详细解答】本空前面讲了一串使人烦恼的想法:我会给别人留下什么样的印象?他们喜欢我吗?我听起来很愚蠢吗?我穿的是的衣服吗?所以空处应填一形容词,表示不受欢迎的或不引人注意的意思。再结合发音,很容易听出attractive的音,但意思反了;想到其义词并根据其前缀的发音,即可猜出是 unattractive。
14.【答案】adversely
【详细解答】从本句意思来看,说的是上述提及的一些不舒服的感觉会影响人们,所以这种影响肯定是负面的或不利的;再从句子结构来看,前半部分是完整的句子,所以空处应该是一个状语,只填一个词的话,那么应是一个副词。表示“负面的,不利的”含义的一个副词,再结合发音,可以得知是adversely,本词是典型的adj. + ly 构成的副词。
15.【答案】reflected
【详细解答】从句子结构来看,空处是在系动词is之后,所以应填一个作表语的词或动词的过去分词表示被动语态;再看句子意思,一个人对自我的看法是通过其行为方式所的,很明显,此处应填“反映出,表达出”含义的词;再听发音,可以得知reflected。事实上,该词的发音比较容易辨别。
16.【答案】reactions
【详细解答】此句讲的是一个人的行为方式影响别人的,所以空处应填一个表示“情绪,反应,看法”等含义的名词;再细听音,很容易辨别为reactions。需注意的是应用其复数形式。
17.【答案】profound
【详细解答】此空前面是冠词a,后面是名词effect,所以空处应填一个辅音开头的形容词;再看句子意思,人们看待自己的方式对他们生活的各个方面产生的影响,空处意思应为“深远的,重大的,较大的”等含义;再仔细听音,不难知道答案。
18.【答案】they also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise.
【详细解答】本空要求填一个句子。填句子的基本要求是与前后句在意思上要连贯,没有语法和拼写错误。本空前面是讲羞怯的人对于批评很敏感,后面是说他们通常会说一些消极的话来回应别人的称赞,那么空处的意思应该是讲他们对待称赞的态度,而且这种态度肯定是不高兴的。其中有一个关键词compliment,后面已经出现了。再结合发音,可以得知该句是带有原因状语从句的一个复合句,从句中难点是unworthy of praise,也可以写成they don’t deserve praise。
19.【答案】it is clear that, while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.
【详细解答】从前后文来看,本句话应是作者对前面羞怯的人所说的一句话的评论。前面一句话为“你们这样说是为了让我感觉良好,但我知道这是不真实的”,那么作者对这句话的评价肯定是否定的,因为这些人的自知之明太过了。再听音,self-awareness是一个关键词,但前面出现过类似的词,如:self- conscious, self-concept;难点是overdoing,可以根据句子意思再结合音来猜测,而且要注意变为动名词形式。同时要注意本句中间插有一个比较状语从句,要注意断句。
20. 【答案】since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self-esteem, it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths.
【详细解答】本句话是回答前面的问句。前面问:羞怯感能否完全消除,或者减弱?作者紧接着侧面回答了如何来减弱。当听到since这个词引导从句时,应该想到本句又是一个带状语从句的复合句。有几个短语:hand in hand with(手拉手,紧紧相连),as well as(也……,和……一起),关键词有self-esteem(该词的形近词前面已经出现了几次),weakness和strength一对反义词。在听第二遍和第三遍时应重点抓住这些短语和关键词,整个句子便可轻松写出来。

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