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听力中时间与数字题型解题要点-2012年6月英语六级听力过关技巧及例题分析(10)

kira86 于2012-05-30发布 l 已有人阅读

时间与数字题型

时间、数字和计算是听力测试中最常见的题型,几乎每年都有,而且题型也比较多。历年试题中虽然涉及的数字或数目并不多,但考生的答对率却不高。究其原因,一是对数字的表达方法不够熟悉,二是对技巧的运用不够熟练。

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时间题的四个选项一般都是表达时刻的数字,或是星期、年、月等词,偶尔会有介词后跟数字。数字题的选项则有可能为纯粹的数字或带有货币符号的数字。

解题要点

一般来说,正确答案不会是直接听到的数字,而往往是在意思上与这相同或相近,或换了一种表达方式,或要求对听到的数字进行简单的四则运算。做这类题时,听清这些数字和它们之间的关系是解题的关键。这些数字之间的关系往往用“more/less, late/early, fast/slow, before/after”之类的形容词、副词或介词短语来表示,多为时间题。

听力真题一:

m: could you tell me the timetable of the school bus?

w: well, the bus leaves here for the campus every two hours from 6:30 am but on weekends it starts half an hour later.

q: when did the second bus leave on saturday?

a) 7:30

b) 8:00

c) 8:30

d) 9:00

答案D)。这是一道较为复杂的转换题。考生应听懂对话中的every two hours from 6:30和half an hour later两处,同时还要细心,捕捉到问题中的the second bus和saturday。

听力真题二:

w:have you heard about the air crash that occurred last wednesday?

m:yes the newspaper said six crew members and sixty four passengers were killed, and fifteen others were injured.

q: how many people suffered in the air crash?

a) 85.

b)70

c)64.

d)31.

这是一道简单的数字运算题,解题的关键是要听懂问句中的“suffer”一词,受害者应包括死者和伤者,故答案应为6+64+15=85,a)。

听力真题三:

w:sorry,mr smith is not in may i have him return your call?

m:yes, thank you i’m at 6330872…sorry it’s 6338720.

q: what’s the man’s telephone number?

a) 6330872.

b)6380372.

c) 6338720.

d)6338726.

这道题要注意的是电话号码在口语中的读法。6338720的最常见的读法是:six double three eight seven two zero (或o)。另外还要注意不要受干扰信息的影响,如本题中的6330872以及其后的话语停顿。

听力真题四:

w: i’d like to make two reservations one flight 651 for june 8th.

m: i’m sorry we’ve booked up on the 8th but we still have a few seats available on the 9th

q: when does the woman want to leave?

a) on the 6th of june

b) on the 8th of june.

c) on the 9th of june

d) on the 19th of june.

答案为(b)。与上一题类似,本题是考察考生抗干扰的能力。对话中干扰因素有flight 651和the 9th两个数词。考生还要理解两个词:reservation意为“预定”,而book up则指“订完”。此外,还要熟悉日期的不同表达方法。

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