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听力中时间与数字题型解题要点-2012年6月英语六级听力过关技巧及例题分析(10)

kira86 于2012-05-30发布 l 已有人阅读

时间与数字题型

时间、数字和计算是听力测试中最常见的题型,几乎每年都有,而且题型也比较多。历年试题中虽然涉及的数字或数目并不多,但考生的答对率却不高。究其原因,一是对数字的表达方法不够熟悉,二是对技巧的运用不够熟练。

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时间题的四个选项一般都是表达时刻的数字,或是星期、年、月等词,偶尔会有介词后跟数字。数字题的选项则有可能为纯粹的数字或带有货币符号的数字。

解题要点

一般来说,正确答案不会是直接听到的数字,而往往是在意思上与这相同或相近,或换了一种表达方式,或要求对听到的数字进行简单的四则运算。做这类题时,听清这些数字和它们之间的关系是解题的关键。这些数字之间的关系往往用“more/less, late/early, fast/slow, before/after”之类的形容词、副词或介词短语来表示,多为时间题。

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听力真题一:

m: could you tell me the timetable of the school bus?

w: well, the bus leaves here for the campus every two hours from 6:30 am but on weekends it starts half an hour later.

q: when did the second bus leave on saturday?

a) 7:30

b) 8:00

c) 8:30

d) 9:00

答案D)。这是一道较为复杂的转换题。考生应听懂对话中的every two hours from 6:30和half an hour later两处,同时还要细心,捕捉到问题中的the second bus和saturday。

听力真题二:

w:have you heard about the air crash that occurred last wednesday?

m:yes the newspaper said six crew members and sixty four passengers were killed, and fifteen others were injured.

q: how many people suffered in the air crash?

a) 85.

b)70

c)64.

d)31.

这是一道简单的数字运算题,解题的关键是要听懂问句中的“suffer”一词,受害者应包括死者和伤者,故答案应为6+64+15=85,a)。

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听力真题三:

w:sorry,mr smith is not in may i have him return your call?

m:yes, thank you i’m at 6330872…sorry it’s 6338720.

q: what’s the man’s telephone number?

a) 6330872.

b)6380372.

c) 6338720.

d)6338726.

这道题要注意的是电话号码在口语中的读法。6338720的最常见的读法是:six double three eight seven two zero (或o)。另外还要注意不要受干扰信息的影响,如本题中的6330872以及其后的话语停顿。

听力真题四:

w: i’d like to make two reservations one flight 651 for june 8th.

m: i’m sorry we’ve booked up on the 8th but we still have a few seats available on the 9th

q: when does the woman want to leave?

a) on the 6th of june

b) on the 8th of june.

c) on the 9th of june

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d) on the 19th of june.

答案为(b)。与上一题类似,本题是考察考生抗干扰的能力。对话中干扰因素有flight 651和the 9th两个数词。考生还要理解两个词:reservation意为“预定”,而book up则指“订完”。此外,还要熟悉日期的不同表达方法。

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