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少儿英语语法顺口溜:v-ing形式作宾语的口诀和用法

kira86 于2011-11-01发布 l 已有人阅读

ving的用法.jpg

少儿英语语法顺口溜:v-ing形式作宾语的口诀和用法

v-ing形式作宾语,承认依靠和推辞;
喜欢面对便欣赏,错过原谅别介意;
避免借口遭否认,包括想像多坚持;
要阻止,别延迟,想要脱逃冒险值;
一个忍受两完成,忙于报告提建议。

即:在admit, avoid, appreciate, depend, enjoy, escape, excuse, face, fancy, imagine, favor, finish, deny, include, keep, mind, miss, pardon, practise, prevent, risk, delay, suggest, report, be busy, be worth, complete, stand ,put off后加v-ing作宾语。

1. 我们学过的动词中只有少数用v-ing形式作宾语,这些动词有:advise, allow, dislike, consider, permit, imagine, keep等。

we're considering paying a visit to the science museum. 我们正考虑参观科学博物馆。

they only allow smoking in restricted areas. 他们只允许在指定的地点吸烟。

2.动词短语后只能接 v-ing形式作宾语的有:can't help, prefer doing a to doing b, be used to (习惯于), end up, feel like, lead to, be busy (in), be tired of, be fond of, be afraid of, be proud of, think of / about, put off, keep on, insist on, be good at, give up, prevent / stop / keep ... from...等。

i have been used to living here. 我已习惯生活在这儿了。

i'm fond of collecting stamps and coins. 我喜欢集邮和收集钱币。

i'm proud of winning the first prize in the english competition. 获得英语竞赛的第一名,我感到很自豪。

3. 中学课本中学到的有些动词后既可接动词不定式也可接动名词作宾语,但意义截然不同,这些动词及短语有:try, go on, stop, mean, regret, remember, forget 等。这组词或短语后接不定式时一般表示将来还没有发生的动作,而接动名词常表示发生在过去的动作。

i remember handing in my exercise. 我记得我的练习交过了。

remember to post the book for me on your way home. 记得在你回家的路上帮我把那本书寄走。

4. need, require, want译作“需要”时,后接v-ing形式作宾语,主动形式表示被动意义,相当于to be done。

the radio needs / requires / wants repairing / to be repaired. 收音机需要修理了。
 

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