v. to shorten 缩短
The professor asked the student to abbreviate the passages in his thesis that focused on the theory of evolution.
adj. before the war 战前的；美国南北战争之前的
Many people have romanticized the antebellum South in America, as can be seen in the famous work, "Gone With the Wind."
adj. showing signs of future success 吉兆的
The high turnout for the opening night performance of the play was auspicious.
n. art or science of flying aircraft 航空；飞行
Amelia Earhart was an aviation pioneer and legend, breaking down barriers to female pilots.
n. barrier laid down by artillery file 弹幕
The bridge was held by the enemy, guarded by snipers who let loose a barrage of gunfire upon anyone attempting to cross.
* let loose
n. (British) lawyer （英国）律师
The barrister masterfully pleaded his case and managed to have charges against his client dropped.
adj. warlike 好战的
Life in prison only served to feed his bellicose nature, rather than force him to reexamine his crimes.
同义词：combative; militant; aggressive
adj. engaged in war; warlike 交战的；好战的
In the Great War England was among the belligerent powers.
n. list of books 书目
Our professor required a bibliography including at least ten sources for out final papers.
n. craze for collecting books 藏书狂
I knew my teacher had bibliomania when I entered his office and saw thousands of books everywhere.
n. lover of books 珍爱书籍者
Although it is not a requisite for the position, most librarians are true bibliophiles.
n. chemistry of living things 生物化学
Many advances in the field of biochemistry have left us with many ethical problems we could never have imagined thirty years ago.
n. writing about a person's life 传记
Unauthorized biographies of celebrities' lives are popular with readers.
n. study of living things 生物学
Trent went to Florida to study the biology and sociology of dolphins.
n. book with prayers to be said daily by priests 每日祈祷书
Tucked in the flowing robes of the priest were his rosary and his breviary.
n. musical movement 韵律；节奏
The slow cadence of the speaker's voice lulled many in the audience to sleep.
adj. able to hold a lot 容量大的
Without capacious storage facilities, our company will never be able to warehouse that amount of machinery.
n. title; heading 标题
The caption to the article is very misleading.
n. accident; persons killed or injured in an accident 意外；（pl.）死伤人数
In the attack on the town there were no military casualties, but a large number of civilians lost their lives.
adj. falling to a lower level 衰落的
The decadent reign of the Roman emperor finally ended in a revolt led by military leaders.
同义词：declining; decaying; deteriorating
v. to remove the head 斩首
The French Revolution brought about the introduction of the guillotine, a device that could decapitate people quickly and efficiently.
adj. (of trees) losing their leaves annually 落叶性的
People in the United States flock to mountainous areas to enjoy the colorful leaves of deciduous trees in autumn.
v. to stop and catch between starting point and destination 拦截
A confidential memo to the president was intercepted by a reporter and broadcast on the evening news.
同义词：block; cut off
n. wise saying 训诫；格言
My grandmother liked to repeat the precept, "A stitch in time saves nine."
同义词：maxim; motto; doctrine
v. 1. to throw downwards 掷下 2. to hasten 加速
Rampant exchange rate speculation precipitated the wild price swings in the stock market.
同义词：1. hurl 2. accelerate