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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 05(单词带例句)

acclamation

n. shouted approval 欢呼赞成

 

v. acclaim

The crowd's loud acclamations of the mayor boosted his spirits.

群众对市长的高声欢呼,振奋了他的精神。

* boost

提高;急增

Synonym

同义词:applause

accord

n. agreement 协定;和谐

 

v. accord

The two countries came to an accord on their disputed border.

这两个国家在国界的争议上达成协定。

Synonym

同义词:harmony

Antonym

反义词:disagreement; discord

accretion

n. increase 增大

An accretion of sediment at the mouth of the river caused serious flooding.

河口堆积物的增加导致河水严重泛滥。

* sediment

堆积物;沉淀物

Synonym

同义词:addition; enlargement

accrue

v. to come as a natural growth 自然增加

Through marriage he accrued great wealth.

藉由婚姻,他增加了大笔财富。

agnostic

n. one who believes that knowledge of God is impossible; skeptic 不可知论者;怀疑论者

His beliefs as an agnostic extend from his view that no one can understand things beyond one's personal experience.

他是个不可知论者,因为他认为没有自身的经验,就无法了解事情。

clamorous

adj. loud 吵闹的;叫喊的

A clamorous noise rose from the mob that had entered the tavern.

从刚进入酒馆的那群人中,传来一阵吵闹声。

* mob

暴徒;群众

* tavern

酒馆

Synonym

同义词:vociferous

Antonym

反义词:taciturn

claustrophobia

n. fear of closed places 幽闭恐惧症

Edith doesn't like to take the subway during rush hour because of her claustrophobia.

由于有幽闭恐惧症,艾蒂丝不喜欢在高峰时间搭乘地下铁。

cognition

n. knowing; awareness 认识;认知

Scientists are still baffled by the process of cognition and the workings of the brain.

科学家们对于认知的过程以及大脑的活动,仍然感到很困惑。

* baffle

使困惑

cordial

adj. warm and friendly 热诚的;友善的

We greatly appreciated your cordial welcome at the dinner party last week.

我们非常感谢上星期您在晚宴中热情的款待。

Synonym

同义词:earnest; genial

corporeal

adj. pertaining to the body; physical 身体的;肉体的

At this clinic, we are as much interested in your psychological health as your corporeal well-being.

在这家诊所里,您的心理及身体健康,我们同样关心。

* clinic

诊所

corpulent

adj. very fat 肥胖的

The king portrayed his corpulent physique as an indication of his wealth.

国王把自己肥胖的体型说成是财富的象征。

* portray

描述

* physique

体格

Synonym

同义词:obese; stout; plump

Antonym

反义词:slim; skinny; lean

declamation

n. speech 演说

 

v. declaim

His declamation of the ills of society drew cheers from the crowd.

他有关社会病态的演说赢得观众搞得喝彩。

Synonym

同义词:address; oration

disclaim

v. 1. to deny 否认 2. to renounce 放弃权利

 

n. disclaimer

Thomas disclaimed any knowledge of the incident.

汤姆斯否认知道那件事情。

Synonym

同义词:1. disown; gainsay 2. abandon; abnegate

discordant

adj. not in agreement 不调和的

The discordant views of the witnesses to the crime led to the release of the robbery suspect.

本案证人的证词不一致,使得抢劫嫌疑犯被释放。

Synonym

同义词:inharmonious; incongruous

Antonym

反义词:concordant

incite

v. to stir up; to start up 引起;鼓动

 

n. incitement

He incited them to rise up against their officers.

他鼓动他们反抗他们的长官。

Synonym

同义词:provoke; agitate; instigate

Antonym

反义词:discourage; curb; deter

incognito

adv. traveling under an assumed name 隐姓埋名地;微行地

His fame forced him to travel incognito to preserve his privacy.

他的名声迫使他为了保有隐私,只好匿名旅行。

incorporate

v. to organize into a body 合并

 

adj. incorporate

The board of directors decided to incorporate its suppliers and distributors into its company.

董事会决定将公司的供应厂商和批发商并入公司。

* distributor

批发商

Synonym

同义词:absorb; combine; merge

increment

n. increase增加

The yearly increment in his salary was meager.

他的薪水每年增加很少。

* meager

贫乏的;瘦的

Synonym

同义词:accretion; augmentation

Antonym

反义词:decrease; reduction

preclude

v. to make impossible 排除

 

n. preclusion

Physics precludes the possibility of turning lead into gold.

物理学排除了铅能变成金的可能性。

Synonym

同义词:exclude; prevent; obviate

prognosis

n. forecast of the probable course of a disease 病状的预断

The prognosis for his diabetes is hopeful.

他的糖尿病预断的结果是有希望治愈的。

* diabetes

糖尿病

prognosticate

v. to predict 预测

Ancient Greeks relied on oracles to prognosticate future events.

古希腊人依赖神论,借以预测未来的事情。

* oracle

神论

Synonym

同义词:foretell; prophesy

recitation

n. saying aloud from memory 背诵

 

v. recite

The English department is sponsoring a recitation of some of Shakespeare's more famous sonnets.

英文系即将主办一场朗诵会,背诵莎士比亚一些比较有名的十四行诗。

* sponsor

主办;赞助

* sonnet

十四行诗

recluse

n. hermit 隐士

A twenty-year recluse, he lives in a cave deep in the woods.

他已隐居了二十年,住在森林中的一个洞穴里。

resuscitate

v. to bring back to life 使复活;恢复

The victim died after several unsuccessful attempts to resuscitate her.

数次尝试把她救活而没成功,那个被害人还是死了。

Synonym

同义词:revive; restore

solicitous

adj. anxious; concerned 渴望的;焦虑的

The mayoral candidates were solicitous to gain the support of the business community.

这位市长候选人渴望得到企业界的支持。

* mayoral

市长的

Synonym

同义词:eager; worried

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