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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 17(单词带例句)

abrogate

v. to put an end to the effect of something废止;取消

The company was forced to abrogate its practice of rejecting all workers' compensation claims.

该公司被迫停止拒绝工人要求赔偿的做法。

Synonym

同义词:annul; abolish

Antonym

反义词:institute; establish

bankrupt

adj 1. insolvent 破产的 2. devoid 缺乏的

The company went bankrupt after it gambled its funds in the futures market and lost.

该公司在将资金做期货投机失败后破产了。

Dr. Henderson's theories of human behavior are bankrupt of any consideration for the effects of local economics.

韩德森博士有关人类行为的理论,丝毫未考虑当地经济状况的影响。

* futures

期货

* economics

经济状况

consanguinity

n. relationship by blood 血缘;亲族

Consanguinity was never considered when Eric decided to fire his brother from the company.

当艾瑞克决定将他的弟弟解雇时,完全没考虑到血缘关系。

Synonym

同义词:kinship

consecrate

v. 1. to make sacred 奉为神圣 2. to dedicate 献身

The local people believed that this site was consecrated and that anyone who went there would be cured of any illness.

当地居民相信此地非常神圣,有病的人到这儿来都可以治愈。

Synonym

同义词:1. hallow 2. devote

Antonym

反义词:1. desecrate; profane

deride

v. to scorn 嘲笑

 

n. derision

The principal derided the teachers' suggestions for improving the learning environment for the students.

校长嘲笑老师们所提出有关改善学生学习环境的建议。

Synonym

同义词:mock; jeer; ridicule

derogatory

adj. disparaging 毁损的;贬抑的

Americans' racism is apparent in the multitude of derogatory terms for immigrants and minorities.

美国人的种族歧视,由众多针对移民和少数民族的贬义字眼,可看得出来。

* racism

种族歧视主义

* multitude

多数

Synonym

同义词:belittling; defamatory

Antonym

反义词:flattering; laudatory

desultory

adj. not continuous; without purpose 散漫的;随便的

No one ever took his desultory promises to help with the housework seriously.

他随便答应要帮忙做家事,但从未没有人把他的话当真。

Synonym

同义词:rambling; random

Antonym

反义词: assiduous; methodical; steady

execrate

v. 1. to express or feel hatred 憎恶 2. to curse 咒骂

Peter spat out hateful words at the boy, execrating him in front of all his schoolmates.

彼得对那个男孩口出恶言,在所有同学面前咒骂他。

* spit

激烈地说出(坏话等);吐(唾沫等)

Synonym

同义词:1. abominate; detest 2. condemn

Antonym

反义词:1. admire 2. eulogize

interrogate

v. to question 审问;质问

The prisoner was dragged from his cell into a dimly lit room where the officer began to interrogate him.

犯人从牢房中被带进一间灯光幽暗的房间,接受警官的审问。

Synonym

同义词:inquire; query

Antonym

反义词:respond; reply

interrupt

v. to break in 打断;妨碍

Don't interrupt Cathy when she is speaking, or she is likely to get mad.

凯西讲话时别打断她,否则她可能会生气。

prerogative

n. privilege 特权

Special prerogatives were given to club members who introduced new patrons to the club.

介绍新客人到俱乐部的会员享有特权。

* patron

赞助者;顾客

rapacious

adj. greedy 贪婪的

 

n. rapacity

In the story of King Midas, the king learned the price of his rapacious desire for wealth.

在麦得斯王的故事中,国王因为贪婪地渴望财富而付出代价。

Synonym

同义词:voracious; ravening; avaricious; ravenous

ravage

v. 1. to plunder 抢夺 2. to destroy 毁坏

 

n. ravage

The tornado ravaged a cornerof the town, destroying houses, cars and lives.

龙卷风袭卷那个城镇的一个区域,摧毁了房子、汽车和生命。

* tornado

龙卷风

Synonym

同义词:1. pillage; despoil 2. demolish

Antonym

反义词:2. construct; rehabilitate

ravening

adj. rapacious; seeking prey 掠食的;贪婪捕食的

After a long hard winter, ravening packs of wolves began to hunt farmers' livestock.

在漫长的严冬之后,饥饿的狼群开始猎取农人的家畜。

* livestock

家畜

Synonym

同义词:ravenous; covetous

Antonym

反义词:satiated; glutted

rectify

v. to put right; to correct 改正

 

n. rectification

Phillip wished to rectify the strained relations between him and his father.

菲利浦希望話改善他和父亲之间紧张的关系。

* strained

紧张的

Synonym

同义词:amend

rectitude

n. uprightness 正直

Molly Sharp's moral rectitude makes her an excellent candidate for mayor of our town.

莫莉·夏普的正直使她成为竞选本镇镇长理想的候选人。

Synonym

同义词:righteousness

Antonym

反义词:corruption

resilient

adj. 1. able to spring back 有弹性的 2. buoyant 活泼的

Laura's resilient, "never say die," attitude has led her to many successes in her career.

罗拉那种「不要气馁」的开朗态度,使她一生的事业中获得许多成功。

Synonym

同义词:1. elastic; flexible 2. animated; vivacious

Antonym

反义词:1. rigid; stiff 2. gloomy; depressed

risible

adj. inclined to laugh; causing laughter 能笑的;可笑的

Brian's attempt to entertain the party by singing opera selections was quite risible.

布莱恩试着演唱歌剧选曲,来娱乐参加宴会的宾客,结果相当可笑。

Synonym

同义词:laughable; ludicrous

rupture

n. break 1. 破裂 2. 绝交

The dam's rupture would send millions of tons of water down upon the towns in the valley below.

水坝破裂将使百万顿的水冲泻到山谷下的城镇。

Synonym

同义词:1. breach; split 1. breach; split; severance

sacrilegious

adj. showing no respect to something sacred 亵渎的

The man's sacrilegious act of spitting on a monk was quickly punished by a crowd nearby.

那个人向和尚吐口水,这种亵渎的行为很快就受到附近群众的惩罚。

Synonym

同义词:blasphemous; profane

Antonym

反义词:reverent; religious; pious

sacrosanct

adj. too sacred to be violated 神圣不可侵犯的

Mother's crystal vase collection was sacrosanct in our house and no one dared touch any of it.

母亲收藏的水晶花瓶在我们家是神圣不可侵犯的东西,没有人敢去碰它一下。

salient

adj. easily noticed; outstanding 显著的;突出的

Cyrano's enormously long nose was his most salient feature.

西拉诺超长的鼻子,是他容貌中最突出的特征。

Synonym

同义词:noticeable; protruding

sangfroid

n. calmness in the face of danger or in an emergency 沉着;冷静

After witnessing the murder, Michelle responded to the police officer's questions with amazing sangfroid.

目睹谋杀案之后,蜜雪儿以惊人的冷静态度回答警官的问话。

Synonym

同义词:composure; equanimity; sedateness

Antonym

反义词:perturbation; agitation

sanguinary

adj. with much bloodshed 血腥的

The sanguinary violence regularly shown on TV and in movies is very disturbing.

电视和电影中经常出现的血腥暴力,令人不安。

sanguine

adj. optimistic 乐天的;自信的

The coach was sanguine about his team's chances of winning the soccer match.

教练自信他的球队会赢足球比赛。

Synonym

同义词:confident; hopeful

Antonym

反义词:morose; pessimistic

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