v. to put an end to the effect of something废止；取消
The company was forced to abrogate its practice of rejecting all workers' compensation claims.
adj 1. insolvent 破产的 2. devoid 缺乏的
The company went bankrupt after it gambled its funds in the futures market and lost.
Dr. Henderson's theories of human behavior are bankrupt of any consideration for the effects of local economics.
n. relationship by blood 血缘；亲族
Consanguinity was never considered when Eric decided to fire his brother from the company.
v. 1. to make sacred 奉为神圣 2. to dedicate 献身
The local people believed that this site was consecrated and that anyone who went there would be cured of any illness.
同义词：1. hallow 2. devote
反义词：1. desecrate; profane
v. to scorn 嘲笑
The principal derided the teachers' suggestions for improving the learning environment for the students.
同义词：mock; jeer; ridicule
adj. disparaging 毁损的；贬抑的
Americans' racism is apparent in the multitude of derogatory terms for immigrants and minorities.
adj. not continuous; without purpose 散漫的；随便的
No one ever took his desultory promises to help with the housework seriously.
反义词： assiduous; methodical; steady
v. 1. to express or feel hatred 憎恶 2. to curse 咒骂
Peter spat out hateful words at the boy, execrating him in front of all his schoolmates.
同义词：1. abominate; detest 2. condemn
反义词：1. admire 2. eulogize
v. to question 审问；质问
The prisoner was dragged from his cell into a dimly lit room where the officer began to interrogate him.
v. to break in 打断；妨碍
Don't interrupt Cathy when she is speaking, or she is likely to get mad.
n. privilege 特权
Special prerogatives were given to club members who introduced new patrons to the club.
adj. greedy 贪婪的
In the story of King Midas, the king learned the price of his rapacious desire for wealth.
同义词：voracious; ravening; avaricious; ravenous
v. 1. to plunder 抢夺 2. to destroy 毁坏
The tornado ravaged a cornerof the town, destroying houses, cars and lives.
同义词：1. pillage; despoil 2. demolish
反义词：2. construct; rehabilitate
adj. rapacious; seeking prey 掠食的；贪婪捕食的
After a long hard winter, ravening packs of wolves began to hunt farmers' livestock.
v. to put right; to correct 改正
Phillip wished to rectify the strained relations between him and his father.
n. uprightness 正直
Molly Sharp's moral rectitude makes her an excellent candidate for mayor of our town.
adj. 1. able to spring back 有弹性的 2. buoyant 活泼的
Laura's resilient, "never say die," attitude has led her to many successes in her career.
同义词：1. elastic; flexible 2. animated; vivacious
反义词：1. rigid; stiff 2. gloomy; depressed
adj. inclined to laugh; causing laughter 能笑的；可笑的
Brian's attempt to entertain the party by singing opera selections was quite risible.
n. break 1. 破裂 2. 绝交
The dam's rupture would send millions of tons of water down upon the towns in the valley below.
同义词：1. breach; split 1. breach; split; severance
adj. showing no respect to something sacred 亵渎的
The man's sacrilegious act of spitting on a monk was quickly punished by a crowd nearby.
反义词：reverent; religious; pious
adj. too sacred to be violated 神圣不可侵犯的
Mother's crystal vase collection was sacrosanct in our house and no one dared touch any of it.
adj. easily noticed; outstanding 显著的；突出的
Cyrano's enormously long nose was his most salient feature.
n. calmness in the face of danger or in an emergency 沉着；冷静
After witnessing the murder, Michelle responded to the police officer's questions with amazing sangfroid.
同义词：composure; equanimity; sedateness
adj. with much bloodshed 血腥的
The sanguinary violence regularly shown on TV and in movies is very disturbing.
adj. optimistic 乐天的；自信的
The coach was sanguine about his team's chances of winning the soccer match.