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高级口译听力篇真题解析:第一章

jo19870724 于2010-08-13发布 l 已有人阅读

一、题型剖析

这部分为主观试题。要求考生准确填写出试题中的空缺部分。

听写文字内容长度为350词左右,语速为每分钟150词左右。 录音朗读时间2-3分钟。

试题中有20处标号的空缺部分要求考生填写,填写部分的单词、短语长度为2-6个单词。

听写内容播放后有4-5分钟时间供考生填写。

注意:

a高级口译听力考试中的所有录音材料只放一遍,only once。

难点阐述

听不出——不能准确听辨所要填写的信息。

记不下——虽然能听辨出信息,但来不及记下来。

mine:
听辨不出的重要问题在于:没有扎实掌握语言“四要素”(语音、词汇、语法、文化背景)。语言的“四要素”是听力提高的实力基础。只有步步为营、稳扎稳打、认真掌握,听力才会有质的飞跃;也只有这样,才会有“不管风吹浪打,胜似闲庭信步”的从容。

由于空格与空格之间的时间间隔短,不可能把单词全部拼写出来。所以要掌握一套简写符号。


二、技巧速成

22字原则:
边听边看边写,善用简写,不懂放弃,语法复查,小心誊抄。

解析:

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1、边听边看边写

spot-dictation 要求考生一边听录音,一边填写出文章中的空白。可是往往考生容易出现两种失误:要么把文章中已经有的内容当作了听写内容现在了空格中;要么看串了空格,把第五空填在第六空,第六空写在第七空...形成了恶性循环(vicious circle)。

所以在听和写的同时,必须留心下一个空的位置。只有要耳、眼、手并用,才能顺利解题。

2、善用简写

“求全”是很多考生做这个大题时的心理。但就是这个“求全”的心理造成了考生的失分。由于空格与空格之间的时间间隔短,空格中单词的数目不定,考生如果记下一个空格的所有每个单词,往往会漏听了下面一个甚至几个空格。所以要尽可能的使用简写符号,以保证能成功地捕捉到下一个空格。

3、不懂放弃

高级口译听力中遇到个别不熟悉的单词和词组是很正常的。听音过程中没有时间琢磨和推敲,遇到不懂的词句只能果断放弃。

4、语法检查

注意:听音的时候一边听一边写到试卷上,最后写在答题纸上。19空和20空直接写在答题纸上

三、真题分析

(一)、逐题讲解

本篇是英式英语的读法,调式变化比较明显。

逐句讲解分析:

for centuries oxford has been at britain's intellectual heart, perhaps the___________(1)

intellectual heart:智囊、智能中心

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答案:most prestigious

among europe's many ancient universities. it is an exclusive greenhouse in which the country's

exclusive:排外的、高端的

greenhouse:温室花房

_____________(2) are bred, and it lies only 50 miles from london

答案:socially important people

socially简写s

important简写:imp

people简写pl, close to the centers of power—parliament, the law courts and the city.

city:注意美式和英式的不同发音

oxford university has _____________(3)

答案:attracted students and scholars

简写:attr stud scho

from all over the world who have gone on to achieve the highest position in their own countries _____________(4),

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答案:in politics

administration, science and the arts. oxford alumini include _____________(5),

administration:管理、行政部门

alumini:拉丁词,关注这类词的发音

答案:numerous eminent scientists

numerous是常见的number的同根词,简写为num  

scientists 简写为sci

注意:通常用小圆圈表示人。

literary figures and such overseas politicians as american president bill clint on and former pakistani _____________(6) benazir bhutto.

literary figures:文艺人才

bill clint:克林顿

答案:prime minister

注意:prime minister的发音,这里体现了音变中的叠合现象

fewer positions _____________(7)

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答案:in academic world学术界

are grander than being head of an oxford college. usually the post _____________(8)

答案:requires the combined talents

of diplomat, administrator and academic. as sir roger bannister, former master of pembroke college, put it :“_____________(9)

答案:leading an oxford college

注意:l要大写

高口考试中的填词听写部分评分原则

实词错误,如名词、动词、副词、形容词、数词,错一个扣0.5分

小错误两至三个错扣0.5分

通过语法检查减少小错误

was a new challenge. you have to recognize _____________(10)

答案:the needs and aspirations

needs and aspirations体现平衡原则均是复数

of the students and you have to help _____________(11).

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答案:realise them

the three-year period students spend at oxford is the most important of their lives; it _____________(12)

答案:shapes their future careers确定职业

特别关注shapes their future careers的表达法

and the friendships they form in their university days will _____________(13).”

答案:last for ever

every year, _____________(14)

答案:among thousands of applicants

from home and abroad only a few hundred are chosen by each college through an increasingly _____________(15).

答案:competitive process

once they are accepted, the undergraduates benefit from _____________(16).

undergraduates本科生

英式研究生表达graduate

答案:a range of traditional privileges

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注意:高口中遇到非常难的单词请立即放弃。与此同时,高口中一些很难的考察单词

会在上下文中出现,目的是为了考察考生的辩音能力。

the most notable and the rarest of these privileges in the one to one tutorial, at which a student _____________(17)

答案:present his or her work

to the tutor. it is a personal system that goes back to the 13th century. the relationship of _____________(18)

答案:profound respect and trust

that can develop between teacher and pupil

pupil除了指小学生,同时还指大学生

over three years can be lasting as it is_____________(19).

答案:academically rewarding

years after students have left the university, they often return to their tutors _____________(20).

答案:for advice and guidance

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