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BBC英语一分钟: Wish 和 Hope的用法区别

Wish vs Hope

Wish 和 Hope的用法区别

Hi, guys! Dan for BBC Learning English here. Today, we're going to talk about the verbs wish and hope.

大家好!这里是BBC英语学习频道,我是丹。今天我们来学一学wish和hope这两个动词。

Now, the verb wish can be used in many ways - and you can get much more detailed information on our website.

wish的用法有很多——大家可以在我们的网站上了解到更多详细信息。

However, we generally use wish to talk about a present or past situation that we want to change, but understand that it can't.

然而,我们通常用wish来表示想要改变却又知道无法改变的当下或过去发生的事情。

Present wishes are wish + a past simple verb. For example: I wish I were taller. Past wishes are wish + past perfect. I wish I had grown taller.

表示当下的愿望时可以用wish+动词的一般过去式。例如:真希望我的身高能再高一点。表示对过去的愿望用wish+动词的过去完成式。真希望我以前能长高一点。

Hope can also be used in different ways. But generally, when we hope, we talk about something that we want or expect for the future.

hope的用法也很多,但我们通常将它用于表示对未来的一种期望。

Hope can be followed by a full infinitive. For example: I hope to see you soon.

hope后面可以加带to不定式。例如:希望很快能见到你。

But more commonly we follow it with a present tense that has a future meaning, or with will. I hope you pass your driving test. I hope you'll have a good time.

但更多的用法是在hope后面跟随动词的一般现在时或者will,表示将来的状态。希望你能考过驾考。希望你玩得开心。

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