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BBC英语一分钟: while 和during的用法区别

While vs During

While 和 During二者得区别

Hi! This is Kee from BBC Learning English, and today, I'm going to tell you the differences between while and during.

大家好,我是BBC英语学习的基,今天我们来学习while 和during的区别。

We can use while and during to say that a shorter event happened within a longer event. They mean the same, but the grammar's different.

while和during都可以表示一件时间更长的事情当中发生的短时间插曲。两者表示的意思一样,但语法有所区别。

After while, we have a clause. A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a verb. So we can say: While I was having lunch, my phone rang. Remember that the verb in the while clause is usually in an ING form.

while后面接的是从句。从句由主语和谓语动词等一系列词语组成。所以我们可以说:吃午饭时,我的手机响了。记住,while后面的从句中的动词通常是ing形式。

We can also use while with just an ING form. So we can say: While having lunch, my phone rang. So we remove the subject and the 'be' verb.

我们也可以只在while后面接动词的ing形式。所以我们可以说:吃午饭时,我的手机响了。这句话中的主语和be动词被去掉了。

However, during is different because it can only be used with a noun phrase. So we can say: During lunch, my phone rang. We cannot use a clause or just the ING form.

然而,during只能用于名词词组。所以我们可以说:午饭期间,我的手机响了。during后面不能接从句或动词ing形式。

So, same meaning, but different grammar!

所以,这两个词语意思相同,但语法用法不同!

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