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BBC英语一分钟:感知动词的用法

See & Hear: How to use verbs of perception

看与听:感知动词的用法

Hi! Saskia for BBC Learning English here, and today I'm going to tell you about how we use verbs of perception in English.

大家好!这里是萨斯基亚的BBC英语学习频道,今天我要告诉大家的是,我们如何在英语中使用感知动词。

There are a number of these verbs but I'm just going to look at two with you now: see and hear.

有许多这样的动词,但我现在要和你们一起看两个:看和听。

When we use these verbs, this is the form:

当我们使用这些动词时,它的形式是:

First, the verb of perception.

首先,感知动词。

Then, the object of the sentence.

然后是句子的宾语。

Then we have either the infinitive without to or the -ing form.

然后我们有不带to的不定式和-ing形式。

Here's an example: I heard him go down the stairs.

举个例子:我听见他下楼了。

Or: I heard him going down the stairs.

或者我听见他在下楼。

There's a slight difference between these two forms:

这两种形式略有不同:

When we use the infinitive, it suggests that we hear or see the whole action or event.

当我们使用不定式时,它表示我们听到或看到整个动作或事件。

Using the -ing form suggests that we hear or see something in progress.

使用-ing形式表示我们听到或看到某事正在进行。

'I saw her cross the street' means I saw her cross from one side to the other.

“我看见她在对面马路”的意思是我看到她从一边过到另一边。

'I saw her crossing the street' means I saw her in the middle - on the way across.

“我看见她正在过马路”意思是我看到她在马路中间——在过马路的路上。

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