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Unit 1 Friendship 第1单元 友谊 (核心单词)--人教版新课标必修一第一单元学案

panwei 于2014-08-12发布 l 已有人阅读

unit 1 friendship 第1单元 友谊 (核心单词)

1. add vt.& vi. 增加;加;加起来;补充说; 又说

常用结构

add to 增添;增加;增进

add ...to ...把……增添到……

add up 合计,相加

add up to 总数为;总计为

例句释义

he added some wood to increase the fire. 他添了一些木柴,使火更旺些。

if you add 4 to 3 you get 7. 四加三得七。

i should like to add that we are pleased with the test result. 我还要补充一下,我们对测试结果很满意。

i don’t want to add to your troubles. 我不想给你添麻烦。

he wrote down the weight of each stone and then added up all the weights. 他把每一块石头的重量记下来,然后把所有的重量加在一起。

the figures add up to 137. 这些数目加起来总和是137。

单项填空

①that’s all i have to say. is there anything you’d like to       , john?
a. talk b. require c. add d. deliver

②that is the very coin i need to        my collection.(2010·陕西西安一中检测)

a. add up b. add in c. add on d. add to

答案解析:①选c。考查动词辨析。句意为:我要说的就是这些,约翰你还有什么要补充的吗?

②选d。add to的意思是“添加到”。

2. upset adj. 心烦意乱的;不安的;不适的;vt. ( upset, upset) 使不安;使心烦;打翻;打乱

联想拓展

be upset by...被…… 打乱

upset oneself about sth.为某事烦恼

our arrangements for the weekend were upset by her visit. 她一来把我们周末的安排给打乱了。

don’t upset yourself — no harm has been done. 不要难过——并没有造成任何伤害。

he was horribly upset over her illness. 他为她的病而忧心忡忡。

the students really upset her. 学生们着实让她烦恼。

填空练习 :用upset的适当形式填空

①the food      my stomach.

②she felt rather      on hearing the news.

③is it an      message?

④don’t be      . it will be ok.

答案:① upset 。动词作谓语,句意:食物使我的胃不舒服。

②upset 。形容词作表语,句意:听到这新闻,她感到很不安。

③upsetting。形容词作定语,句意:是让人不安的信息吗?

④upset。形容词作表语,句意:别担心了,会好的。

3. ignore vt. 不理睬;忽视

i said hello to her, but she ignored me completely. 我向她打招呼,可是她根本不理我。

he ignored the speed limit and drove very fast. 他不顾时速限制,把车开得飞快。

联想拓展

ignorant adj. (对某事物)不了解的;无知的;无学识的

be ignorant of/about sth.不知道;没有意识到

ignorance n.无知;愚昧;不知道

be in ignorance of/about sth. 不知道某事

易混辨析

ignore/neglect/overlook

ignore 通常指有意不顾,或不理会显而易见的事物。

neglect 侧重指有意的忽略或忽视,也可指粗心与疏忽。

overlook 指因匆忙而疏忽或视而不见。

填空练习:(1)用ignore/neglect/overlook的适当形式填空。

①we could not afford to      such a serious offence.

②he utterly      my warnings and met with an accident.

③don’t      to pay him a visit now and then.

答案:①overlook。句意:我们不敢忽视这种严重的过失。

②ignored。句意:他完全无视我的警告,出了事故。

③neglect。句意:别忘了时不时去看看他。

(2)单项填空

—so you didn’t say hello to him last night?
—well, i stopped and smiled when i saw him, but he      me and walked on. (2010·杭州一模)
a. ignored b. refused c. denied d. missed

解析:选a。答句句意为:我看到他就停下来冲他微笑,但是他没理我就走了。ignore不理睬,忽视;refuse拒绝;deny否认,拒绝给予;miss怀念,错过。

4. concern n. [u]关心,担心,担忧;[c]有利害关系的事 
                  vt. 涉及,关系到,参与;使担心

联想拓展

concerning prep. 关于

concerned adj. 有关的;担心的

concern sb. 与某人有关

be concerned with sth. 牵涉,与……有关;参与

concern oneself with 关心

be concerned about/for/over sth. 担心;关心某事

as/so far as ... be concerned 关于;至于;就……而言

as far as i am concerned, you can go wherever you want. 就我而言,你什么时候走都行。

we read stories concerning visitors from outer space. 我们读了关于天外来客的故事。

i was very concerned about my mother’s illness. 我很担心母亲的病情。

(1)单项填空

the meeting was concerned      reforms and everyone present was concerned @ their own interests.(2010·福建厦门双十中学检测)
a. with; for b. for; which c. for; about d. about; with

(2)填空练习:用concern的适当形式填空(原创)

①there is an article that      the rise of the prices.

②the children are rather      about their mother’s health.

③officials should      themselves @ public affairs.

答案及解析:(1)选a。句意为:这次会议牵涉到改革,在场的每个人都很担心自己的利益。be concerned with 牵涉到,和……有关;be concerned for/about 担心;关心。

                     (2)①concerns ②concerned ③concern;with

5. settle vi. 安家;定居;停留
              vt. 使定居;安排;解决

both wanted to settle their scores. 双方都愿意尽弃前嫌。

常用结构

settle down 镇定下来

settle in 在……定居

he settled his child in a corner of the compartment. 他把孩子安顿在车厢的一个角落里。

the family has settled in canada. 这家人已定居加拿大。

单项填空

①—do you know anyone in paris?
—no. i’ll make friends once      .(2010·福建厦门六中检测)
a. i’m settled        b. i have settled
c. i’ll be settled    d. i’m settling

②the brake of your bicycle has come loose. you’d better      it .(2010·陕西西安交大附中)
a. settle       b. fix
c. pick         d. correct

答案及解析:①选a。settle作“安家”讲时,既可用settle,也可用be settled。本题是由once(一旦)引起的时间状语从句,故用一般现在时表将来。

②选b。由句意可知,因为自行车的车闸坏了,因此要“修理”。

6. suffer vt. 遭受;忍受;蒙受
               vi.后接from/for意为“受……之苦”,“患……疾病”

常用结构

suffer an attack/a defeat/losses/pains 遭受打击/失败/损失/痛苦

he suffered hard pains from the accident. 他忍受着事故带来的痛苦。

do you suffer from headaches? 你经常头痛吗?

she’s suffering from loss of memory.  她患有遗忘症。

联想拓展

sufferer n. 受苦者,受难者

suffering n.痛苦,苦难

(1)单项填空

in the countryside there are many dropouts (辍学者). i think the difficulty       the poor economic conditions.(2010·浙江嘉兴一轮检测)
a. lies in        b. result in
c. leads to    d. suffers from

(2)翻译句子

我们在金融危机中损失惨重。

答案及解析:(1)选a。考查短语辨析。lie in在这里相当于because of。

                      (2)we suffered huge losses in the financial crisis. 

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