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名师答疑:look、appear和seem的用法区别

kira86 于2018-09-10发布 l 已有人阅读

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Ask A Teacher: Look, Appear and Seem

名师答疑:look、appear和seem的区别

Welcome to Ask a Teacher–a new program where readers ask questions and teachers answer them.

欢迎收听名师答疑节目,读者可在这档新节目中提问,老师会进行解答。

Have you ever noticed that English is full of words that have similar meanings? In today's Ask a Teacher, Mika from Japan asks how to decide among three verbs that all mean "give an idea about something."

你是否注意到英语中到处都是意思相近的单词?今天的名师答疑节目中,来自日本的美嘉询问了三个都表达“对某事看法”含义的动词如何使用。

Here is her question:

以下是她的问题:

I don't understand the difference between "look," "appear" and "seem." If I say, "His new haircut makes him appear younger," is it correct?

我不太理解look、appear和seem三者之间的关系。如果我这样说:“His new haircut makes him appear younger”,这样对吗?

Hello Mika and thanks for your question!

美嘉你好,感谢你的提问!

You can use "appear" in that situation, but the better verb would be "look."

那种情境下你可以用“appear”,但最好使用动词“look”。

Let me give you the reasons why.

让我来告诉你原因。

We use both the verbs "look" and "appear" to talk about a condition we have observed. In your sentence, you can see with your eyes how stylish the man's new haircut is. You also see that it gives his face a more youthful shape.

我们可以用动词“look”和“appear”讨论我们观察到的情况。你的句子中写道,你可以看到男人的新发型非常时髦。你也可以看到新发型让他的脸看起来更年轻。

But "look" is more informal than the verb "appear." Your sentence sounded informal, as if you were talking to a friend.

但是动词“appear”比“look”更正式。你的句子听起来比较非正式,好像是和朋友在聊天。

In contrast, you might see the word "appear" in writing, or hear it in formal speech, such as an official news report. For example, a news reporter might say, "The suspect appeared to be fleeing the scene."

反过来,“appear”可能会出现在写作或是正式演讲中,比如说官方的新闻报告。例如,新闻记者可能会说:“嫌疑人似乎已逃离现场。”

As that example shows, "appear" is commonly used to talk about events and facts.

正如上述事例所述,“appear”通常用于讨论事件或事实。

Your third choice, "seem" also means "to create an idea or impression." But "seem" does not suggest a direct observation. For example, you and I may have talked on the phone, and you told me about your great new job and recent vacation. Afterward, I could say, "Mika seems happy," even though I never saw you smile.

你的第三个选择“seem”的含义也是“创设想法或印象”。但是“seem”是指非直观印象。例如,你和我在打电话,你告诉我你的新工作非常棒,你最近的假期。之后我就可以说:“美嘉似乎很开心”,即使我没有看见你微笑。

Keep in mind one other difference among the three words. "Seem" and "appear" are often followed by an infinitive verb, such as "The baby seems to want her bottle..." or "The man appears to be waving."

还要记住三个词的另一个差异。seem和appear后通常接不定式,例如“The baby seems to want her bottle…” 或者 “The man appears to be waving”。

But, in everyday English, the verb "look" is often followed by an adjective. For example: "He looks tired."

但在日常英语中,动词look后通常接形容词。例如“He looks tired”。

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上就是本期名师答疑的全部内容。

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