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学习方法:如何通过"头脑风暴"确定写作架构?

yun 于2016-08-23发布 l 已有人阅读

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Brainstorming is a method students can use to generate ideas for writing a paper. In the process of brainstorming you should suspend any concerns about staying organized. The goal is to pour your thoughts onto paper without worrying about whether they make sense or how they fit together.

头脑风暴是一种学生在写作时用来产生写作思路的方法。在头脑风暴的过程中,你可以不考虑保持结构和组织。目标是把你的想法写到纸上,而不考虑它们是否有意义或如何将他们组织在一起。

Brainstorming for Right Brains

右脑头脑风暴

To get started, you will need a few clean pieces of paper, some tape, and a few colored pens or highlighters.Write your main idea or topic in the middle of the paper.

开始前,你需要准备一些白纸,胶带和一些彩色笔。在纸上写下你的中心思想。

Start writing down thoughts in no particular pattern. Write words or passages that pertain to your main idea in some way.Once you've exhausted the random thoughts that come into your head, start using prompters like who, where, when, and why. Do any of these prompters generate more words and ideas?

开始写下你的想法,不要限定在特定的模式内。写下在某些方面与你的主要观点相关的单词或段落,。一旦你觉得进入脑海的随想已经耗尽,就开始使用一些提示词比如人物,地点,时间,原因等。这些提示词是否会让你产生新的想法呢?

Don't worry about repeating yourself. Just keep writing!If your paper gets full, use a second sheet. Tape it to the edge of your original paper.Keep attaching pages as necessary.Once you have emptied your brain, take a short break from your work.

不要担心你的想法重复。坚持写下你的想法!如果你的纸张已经写满了的话,将另一张纸和之前的纸连接起来。如果需要的话可以一直续加纸张。当你的想法枯竭的时候,暂时休息一下。

When you return with a fresh and rested mind, glance over your work to see what kinds of patterns emerge.You'll notice that some thoughts are related to others and some thoughts are repeated. Draw yellow circles around the thoughts that are related. The "yellow" ideas will become a subtopic.

当你休息后回来,浏览你之前的成果来看看有多少种想法出现。你将注意到一些想法是相关的,而有一些想法重复出现。将相关联的想法用黄色的圆圈标记。这些黄色的想法将变成一个小标题。

Draw blue circles around other related ideas for another subtopic. Continue this pattern.Don't worry if one subtopic has ten circles and another has two. When it comes to writing your paper, this simply means you may write several paragraphs about one idea and one paragraph about another.

换用蓝色的圆圈标记为其他小标题。重复这个过程。如果一个小标题有十个圈,而另外一个小标题有两个,也不要担心。这只是意味着在你写文章的时候,你需要针对一个想法写多个段落或者针对另一个想法写一个段落。

Once you finish drawing circles, you may want to number your individual colored circles in some sequence.You now have a basis for a paper!

一旦你完成画圈标注,你可能会希望对标记出的小标题以某种顺序编号。这样你就有文章的基本架构了。

Brainstorming for Left Brains

左脑头脑风暴

If the process above makes you break out into a cold sweat, you may be a left brain. If you aren't comfortable with chaos and you need to find a more orderly way to brainstorm, the bullet method might work better for you.

如果上面的过程让你出一身冷汗,你可能是一个擅长左脑思维的人。如果你对这种杂乱感到不舒服,你需要找到一个更有序的方式来进行头脑风暴,这个候选方法可能更适合你。

Put the title or topic of your paper at the head of your paper.Think of three or four categories that would serve as subtopics. You can start by thinking how you could break best down your topic into smaller sections. What sort of features could you use to divide it? You could consider time periods, ingredients, or sections of your subject matter.

将你的题目或主题写到你文章的开头。想三到四个可作为小标题的分类。你可以从考虑如何将你的主题拆成小部分开始。你可以运用什么特点来分类?你可以从时间阶段、要素、或者部分主题的角度来考虑。

Write down each of your subtopics.Don't worry about the order of your subjects as you write; you will put them into order once you have exhausted all your ideas.Once you have emptied your brain, take a short break from your work.

写下每个小标题。不要担心小标题的顺序,当你的想法枯竭时你会将他们按顺序排列起来。一旦清空所有的想法,就放下这一项工作休息一下吧。

When you return with a fresh and rested mind, glance over your work to see what kinds of patterns emerge.Number your main ideas so they create a flow of information.You have a rough outline for your paper!

当你休息后返回,回顾你之前的成果,看看有多少种想法出现。将你的想法进行排序形成一个信息的流程图。你就会拥有一个文章的初步框架了。

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