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新概念英语第三册语法精粹:独立主格结构

kira86 于2011-11-17发布 l 已有人阅读

新概念英语第三册语法精粹:独立主格结构

此独立形式只是一个小短语,而不是主谓完整的简单句,又称之为独立分词构句。当分词意义上的主语不是主句的主语时,必须在分词前保留意义上的主语,否则语意不通。(定义有点费解,多看几遍)

示例:

Being ill in bed, I can't go to school.

Mother being ill in bed, I can't go to school.

(1) 独立主结构形式可用以表时间,理由,条件,伴随状态等

He lay on the grass, the sun shining upon him.

= He lay on the grass, and the sun was shining upon him.

Weather permitting, I'll start tomorrow.

= If weather permits, I'll start tomorrow.

School being over, the boys went home.

= When school was over, the boys went home.

The sun having set, we arrived at the station.

= After the sun had set, we arrived at the station.

王牌重点:当独立主格结构的主语表示“一般人”,如:we, one, you时,主语可省略,此用法常用于下列表达方式中:

generally speaking 一般来说

strictly speaking 严格地说

talking of ... 谈到

speaking of ... 说到

judging from ... 由……来判断

taking all things into consideration 把一切都考虑在内

considering ... 考虑到……

[示例]:

If we judge from his face, he must be ill.

= Judging from his face, he must be ill.

He has lots of books if we consider that he is young.

= He has lots of books, considering that he is young.

(2)with 复合结构也是独立主格结构形式之一。这种结构在句中作状语(表示原因,方式,伴随等)和定语,作定语时紧随被修饰名词后。

1.with+ 名词 + 介词短语:

The woman with a baby on her back is my sister.

The boy rushed into the room, with his schoolbag in his hand.

2.with + 名词 + adj.

with the door open, he left the classroom.

3.with + 名词 + adv.

With the gloves off, she felt cold.

With the lights on, the building looks beautiful.

4.with + 名词 + 现在分词(主动)

with + 名词 + 过去分词(被动)

Withthe guide leading us, we got to the village.

The boy was crying with the vase broken.

5.with + 名词 + 不定式

With the hard work to be done, we have to prepare for it.

 

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