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研究:即使空气轻度污染 仍有害心脏健康

kira86 于2018-08-06发布 l 已有人阅读

空气污染指数.jpg
Regular exposure to even low levels of air pollution may cause changes to the heart similar to those in the early stages of heart failure, experts say.

专家说,经常接触低水平的空气污染可能会引起心脏的变化,这些变化类似于早期心力衰竭。

A study of 4,000 people in the UK found those who lived by loud, busy roads had larger hearts on average than those living in less polluted areas.

一项针对4000名英国人的研究发现,那些生活在嘈杂繁忙道路上的人平均来说,比那些生活在污染较少地区的人的心脏更大。

This was despite the fact people in the study were exposed to pollution levels below the UK guidelines.

尽管事实上这些人接触的污染水平低于英国污染水平指标。

Researchers called on the government to reduce air pollution more quickly.

研究人员呼吁政府更快地采取行动减少空气污染。

A team of scientists, led from Queen Mary University of London, analysed health data of people who had no underlying heart problems and were part of the UK Biobank study, including the size, weight and function of their hearts.

由伦敦玛丽女王大学领导的一个科学家小组分析了没有潜在心脏病的人的健康数据,包括他们心脏的大小,体重和功能,这是英国生物银行研究项目的一部分。

Researchers also looked at the pollution levels in the areas they lived in.

研究人员还研究了他们所居住地区的污染程度。

Their study found a clear link between exposure to higher pollution levels and larger right and left ventricles - important pumping chambers in the heart.

他们的研究发现暴露于较高污染水平与较大的右心室和左心室之间存在明显的联系 - 心室是心脏中的重要泵室。

For every extra one microgram per cubic metre of PM2.5 - small particles of air pollution - and for every 10 extra micrograms per cubic metre of nitrogen dioxide, the heart enlarged by about 1%.

在每立方米的PM2.5(空气污染的小颗粒)中,如果增加1微克,以及每立方米二氧化氮中增加10微克,心脏就会扩大约1%。

The changes were comparable to being consistently inactive or having elevated blood pressure, said Dr Nay Aung, who led the study’s data analysis.

该研究的数据分析负责人Nay Aung博士说,这些变化与持续不活动或血压升高相当。

Air pollution should be seen as a modifiable risk factor, he said.

“空气污染应被视为可改变的风险因素,”他说。

Doctors and the general public all need to be aware of their exposure when they think about their heart health, just like they think about their blood pressure, their cholesterol and their weight.

“医生和普通大众在考虑自己的心脏健康时,都需要了解自己的暴露程度,就像他们考虑血压,胆固醇和体重一样。”

Dr Aung said the changes in the heart were small and potentially reversible.

Aung博士说,这些心脏的变化很小,而且可能是可逆的。

But he said the fact any change at all was detectable suggested even relatively low levels of air pollution may have a harmful effect on health.

但他表示,这些变化可以被检测到表明,即使相对较低的空气污染水平也可能对健康产生有害影响。

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