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在市区找停停车位太难?停车费智能定价或能解决这个问题

kira86 于2019-01-11发布 l 已有人阅读

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Smarter Pricing Could Ease Parking Frustration

停车费智能定价可缓解找车位带来的沮丧感

If you drive in a city, you've no doubt experienced the frustration of circling block after block, cruising for parking. But scientists who study that phenomenon have a solution to free up more spots:

如果在城里开车,毫无疑问,你一定经历过在一个又一个街区绕圈找停车位的挫败感。不过,研究这一现象的科学家们找到了一个方案可以(在热门停车区域)腾出更多的停车位。

You make them more expensive, so people have to decide whether to park farther away and pay less, or closer and pay more. Itzhak Benenson, a system scientist at Tel Aviv University.

特拉维夫大学的系统科学家伊扎克·本尼森表示到:“可以把(城市热点区域的)停车费收贵点,因此,大家就必须决定:是(愿意)少花点停车费把车停远一点;还是(愿意)多花点钱把车停近点。”

San Francisco has piloted a program that raises parking rates based on demand - and it's been shown to reduce cruising. But the sensors required for those systems can cost millions of dollars to install and operate, Benenson says. So instead, writing in IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, he and his colleague Nir Fulman describe an algorithm that can determine smart pricing, without the use of sensors.

旧金山已经试行了一项根据需求所提高停车费的计划,结果证明,开车族四处寻找车位的次数也减少了。但是本尼森称,安装和操作这些系统所需的传感器可能要花费数百万美元。所以,他和同事尼尔·弗曼在《IEEE智能交通系统》杂志上撰文描述了一种无需使用传感器就能确定智能定价的算法。

They tested it on the Israeli city of Bat Yam, near Tel Aviv. First, they divide the city into zones. They estimate the parking demand in each zone, by calculating the number of apartments and offices there. Then they factor in parking supply in the area, along with how wealthy potential parkers might be. Using that data, the algorithm suggested pricing for each zone that would guarantee a 90-percent occupancy rate of parking spots city-wide. Meaning 10 percent of spots were always available to drivers willing to pay the price, regardless of neighborhood.

他们在以色列特拉维夫附近的城市巴特亚姆进行了测试。首先,他们把城市分为不同的区域,并通过计算每个区域的公寓和办公室数量,来估算每个区域的停车位需求。然后,他们将该区域的停车位以及潜在的要停车的人次考虑进来。然后该算法利用这些数据,为每个区域建议停车费定价,以保证全市的停车位利用率能达到90%。这样就意味着,总有10%的车位留给停车不嫌远的司机。

Of course, not everyone will agree that jacking up parking prices will ease driver frustrations. Last time Benenson proposed hiking rates for city residents? "I got about 100 reactions on the web and 99 of them that said they have never heard such a stupid statement from the professors, and I should be punished and fired."

当然,并非所有人都同意提高停车费就能缓解司机的沮丧情绪。对于之前本尼森提议提高停车收费比例,大家作何反应?“我在网上得到了大约100条回复,其中99条都称他们从来没听过哪个‘叫兽’做出如此蠢的声明,我应该受到惩罚并被解雇。”

Ultimately, he says, it'll be up to cities themselves to gauge their residents' political appetites for an easier parking spot.

本尼森称,最终要靠城市自己根据当地居民想要多快找到车位的意愿来衡量。

(小e英语Jewel翻译!)

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