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BBC:吃什么会影响你的情绪

Food and mood

吃什么会影响你的情绪

Cosuming food can be a pleasurable thing - we enjoy feasting on the mix of tastes and textures and it stops us feeling hungry too. Of course, food also gives us energy and the vitamins and minerals that our body needs. It's no wonder we spend so much time preparing and eating food. But what many of us don't consider is how our emotions are affected by what we put into our bellies.

吃东西是一件让人愉快的事情——各种美味和美食给我们以享受的同时还能填饱肚子。当然了,我们还能从食物中获取身体所需的能量,维他命以及各种矿物质。这也是我们为什么花费大量时间烹饪并享用食物的原因。但很多人没有考虑过的是我们吃进肚子里的东西对我们的情绪造成的影响。

For me, it's the unhealthy foods that put a smile on my face - chocolate, cakes and ice cream - well, I do have a sweet tooth! It might seem obvious that food that's bad for our waistline, usually makes us happy, at least in the short term. Most of us get this feeling when we use food as a quick pick-me-up. But dieticians tell us that eating bad food long term, not only makes us put on weight but can lead to other health conditions such as diabetes, and it can also affect our mental state and bring on depression.

我偏爱不健康的食品——巧克力,蛋糕,还有冰激凌——好吧,我确实偏爱甜食!很明显,那些会使我们长胖的食物通常能使我们开心,至少短时期内如此。当通过食物自愈时,大多数人都会有这种感觉。但营养师告诉我们说,长期食用垃圾食品不仅会让我们长胖,而且还会引发其他健康问题,比如糖尿病。此外,垃圾食品还会影响我们的心情,使人抑郁。

The link between our mind and food has been looked at by scientists.They've recently found that it's the bacteria in our gut that affects our mood. It's thought we have 39 trillion of these simple, small organisms in our body. Researchers at McMaster University in Canada and University College Cork in Ireland, have found that certain 'good' bacteria help reduce anxiety in mice. And researchers at Kyushu University also found that germs help reduce stress and anxiety in mice. Experts believe that, for us humans, this means food with 'good' bacteria can improve the way we feel.

科学家已经在研究食品和我们心情之间的关系,并且近来发现了影响我们的心情的是我们肠道里的细菌。据了解,我们体内有3900亿这种简单微小的生物体。加拿大麦克马斯特大学和爱尔兰科克大学的研究者在做小鼠实验时发现,某些“好的”细菌能帮助减轻焦虑。九州大学的研究人员得出了同样的结论。专家们认为,对于人类而言,这意味着食用带有“好的细菌”的食物可以改善心情。

Many food products are claiming to be high in this 'good' bacteria and some of the best types are homemade fermented food like miso soup, yoghurt and sauerkraut. This really makes me think twice about what I eat - maybe I should change my diet to perk me up! Doctor Michael Mosley would agree. He's been looking into this for the BBC and says the best food to cheer us up is in a "Mediterranean diet. Olive oil; oily fish, full of omega 3, which is really good for the brain; whole grains; lots of fruits and vegetables. Sugar: terrible for you!"

许多食品都宣称富含这种细菌,其中最典型的是自制的发酵型食品,如酱汤,酸奶和泡菜。这真的让我在进食之前要三思——或许我该换换口味,提振一下精神!Michael Mosley博士会同意这一点。他一直在为BBC做这方面的研究。他表示能让我们振奋起来的最好的食物是“地中海型饮食”:橄榄油以及富含奥米茄三脂肪酸的油性鱼类对我们的大脑很有好处;还有全谷物和大量的蔬果等。糖类可不是什么好东西!

So maybe it's time to lay off the fatty and sugary things. Eating healthily may seem simple, even if the science behind it is complex. It's not rocket science but this is further evidence for the saying 'we are what we eat' - the person we are is determined by the food we eat. There are other factors that can change our mood but it seems we have some ability to improve how we feel by controlling what we put on our plate. Does your diet affect your mood?

所以,或许该戒掉油腻和含糖高的饮食了。虽然其包含的科学道理很复杂,但要做到饮食健康很简单。这不是航天科学,而是对“吃什么像什么”这句话的进一步证明——我们吃的食物决定了我们是什么样的人。影响我们心情的还有其它因素,但通过控制饮食来改善心情看起来是我们所能做到的。你的饮食会影响你的心情吗?

 

词汇表

pleasurable

令人愉快的

belly

肚子,腹部

a smile on one's face

某人面带微笑

sweet tooth

爱吃甜食,对甜食喜爱

pick-me-up

使人兴奋的饮品或食品

dietician

营养师

diabetes

糖尿病

mental state

精神状态

depression

抑郁,沮丧

bacteria

细菌(bacterium 的复数)

gut

肠道,消化道

organism

生物体,有机体

anxiety

不安,焦虑

germ

细菌,病菌

stress

压力

fermented

发酵的

sauerkraut

泡菜

perk somebody up

使某人提起精神,使某人活跃起来

omega 3

奥米茄三脂肪酸

lay off

戒掉

we are what we eat'

“吃什么像什么”

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