Queen of Soul' Aretha Franklin Dead at 76
Aretha Franklin, the American singer known as the "Queen of Soul," died Thursday at her home in Detroit, Michigan. She had spent many years battling cancer. She was 76 years old.
Franklin was born on March 25, 1942, in Memphis, Tennessee. But she was raised in Detroit. There, her father C.L. Franklin was a church minister. Her musical talent was recognized at a young age. She played piano and sang gospel music at her father's church services.
弗兰克林，1942年3月25日出生于田纳西州的孟菲斯，但她是在底特律长大的。她的父亲 C.L. 弗兰克林是该地教会的一名牧师。她的音乐才华在她很小的时候就得到大家的肯定。她在其父亲所在的教堂里演奏钢琴并唱福音音乐（美国黑人的一种宗教音乐）。
Franklin began singing pop and jazz music at age 18, when she signed a recording agreement with Columbia Records.
But her real success started in 1967 under an agreement with Atlantic Records. That agreement permitted her to sing with her natural gospel intensity.
Franklin gained national fame that year with a series of hit music recordings, including "Chain of Fools," "A Natural Woman," and her most famous hit, "Respect."
Franklin's career success continued into the 1980s and 1990s. She appeared in the 1980 film "The Blues Brothers." She also had new music hits, including "Freeway Of Love" and "A Rose Is Still A Rose."
Franklin earned more than 110 entries in Billboard magazine's music charts. That is the most by any woman in the magazine's history. In 1987, Franklin became the first woman to be inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame.
Franklin struggled with weight and health problems. But even in her older years, her voice remained a thing of wonder.
In 2009, she sang the American patriotic song "My Country 'Tis of Thee" at U.S. President Barack Obama's first inauguration.
I'm Jonathan Evans.