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研究:好早餐决定好成绩 早餐到底该怎么吃?

kira86 于2018-09-14发布 l 已有人阅读

早餐.jpg
Good Breakfast Equals Good Grades

好早餐等于好成绩

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

这里是美国之音英语学习节目,健康与生活方式报告。

It is back to school time in much of the world. Calm, easy mornings are replaced with busy, hurried ones. Children wake up early and get ready for school. Many parents are also getting ready for work, helping their children and preparing food for lunches.

全球许多地区都迎来了返校季。平静且放松的清晨被匆忙取代。孩子们早早起床,准备好去上学。许多家长同样也准备去上班,还要照顾孩子以及准备午餐要吃的食物。

But, don't forget about breakfast!

但是,别忘记吃早餐哦!

When things get wildly busy in the morning, some people skip breakfast to save time. But that may be a big mistake for students.

如果清晨太忙,有些人为了节省时间便不吃早饭。但这对学生来说,可能是个巨大的错误。

Whether at home, on the way to school or at school -- eating something healthy for breakfast may help a student get better grades.

无论是在家,还是在上学的路上或者学校里,早餐吃点健康的食物也许可以帮助学生取得更好的学习成绩。

Welsh study

威尔士研究

That is the finding of a 2015 study from Cardiff University in Wales. Researchers there looked at 5000 9-11 year-olds from more than 100 primary schools in the U.K. They looked at what the students ate for breakfast and then their grades six to 18 months later.

这是来自威尔士卡迪夫大学2015年的研究结果。大学的研究人员在英国100所小学观察了5000名九岁到十一岁的学生。他们调查了学生们早餐吃的食物,以及他们在半年到一年半之后的学习成绩。

They found that the students who ate a healthy breakfast were twice as likely to perform above average in educational activities. The researchers also found that unhealthy breakfasts – such as potato chips or a donut did not appear helpful to educational performance.

他们发现,那些吃健康早餐的学生在教育活动方面的表现比平均水平优秀两倍。研究人员还发现,不健康的早餐,如薯片或甜甜圈对学习表现似乎没有帮助。

In 2013, an organization in the United States, also looked at possible connections between breakfast and student success in school. The Share Our Strength's campaign, No Kid Hungry, found that on average students who ate breakfast provided by their school attended 1.5 more days of school per year. These students also scored 17.5 percent higher on standardized math tests.

在2013年,一个美国组织也调研了早餐与学生学习成绩方面的潜在关联。(慈善机构)“同心协力”发起的一项叫“让孩子不再挨饿”的活动,发现由学校提供早餐的普通的学生,每年多出勤1.5天,在标准化数学考试中,成绩也普遍高出17.5%。

How many children do not eat breakfast?

有多少孩子不吃早餐呢?

But, are there really that many children who do not eat breakfast? The answer is yes.

不过,真有那么多不吃早餐的孩子吗?答案是肯定的。

Experts at HealthyChildren.org say that in the United States about 8 to 12 percent of all students in grade school (Kindergarten through 8th grade) do not eat breakfast. By the time students are in high school (grades 9 – 12), 20 to 30 percent of them ignore the morning meal.

健康儿童网的专家称,在美国,小学(幼儿园到八年级)的所有学生中,有约8%到12%的小学生不吃早餐。到了学生上中学时(9年级到12年级),20%到30%的学生忽略了早餐。

In Canada, researchers at the University of Waterloo looked at the eating habits of 42,000 students during the 2014-15 school year. The students represented 87 grade schools in Alberta and Ontario. The study found that "39 percent of students reported eating breakfast fewer than three days in a usual school week."

在加拿大,滑铁卢大学的研究人员在2014到2015学年间,观察了4.2万名学生的饮食习惯。学生来自亚伯达省和安大略省的87所学校。研究发现,上学期间,39%的学生每周仅有不到三天早上会吃早餐。

What is a healthy breakfast?

什么是健康早餐呢?

Health experts suggest that the best breakfast is a mix of complex carbohydrates, protein and fat. This gives your body the energy it needs to think clearly and to remember what it learns.

健康专家建议,最好的早餐需搭配有复合碳水化合物、蛋白质和脂肪。这会给你的身体所需的能量,使你能够清晰思考,并记住所学的东西。

This was the 2005 finding of researchers at Tufts University in the U.S. They found that when it comes to giving the brain what it needs to work at its highest level -- not all breakfasts are created equal.

这是美国塔夫茨大学研究人员在2005年的研究发现。他们发现,就想要保持大脑最佳状态所需的食物而言,各种早餐的效果都是不同的。

In their report, they explain that the brain needs glucose to work well. The best breakfast should include complex carbohydrates that slowly release energy to the body. Whole rolled oats, whole grain bread or low-sugar granola are examples.

在他们的报告中,他们解释到,大脑需要葡萄糖才能高效运转。最好的早餐应该包括复合碳水化合物,这可以缓慢地为身体释放能量。全燕麦片、全麦面包或低糖燕麦都是(不错的复合碳水化合物)例子。

But the report explains, simply eating a breakfast rich in carbohydrates may make a student tired.

但报告解释称,仅吃富含碳水化合物的早餐可能会使学生感到疲倦。

So, adding protein helps to prevent that. Having a protein such as milk, yogurt, eggs or meat can help students to feel full longer. Oatmeal, the researchers say, is an example of a breakfast that is rich in fiber and protein. It releases energy slowly because it is a whole grain food. So, students will feel full longer.

因此,(在早餐中)添加蛋白质有助于避免这一点。从牛奶、酸奶、蛋类或肉类中摄取的蛋白质可以让学生的饱腹感延长(饥饿感延迟)。研究人员表示,燕麦粥是一种富含膳食纤维和蛋白质的早餐例子。燕麦粥,由于燕麦是全谷类食物,所以释放能量较缓慢,因而,学生保持饱腹感的时间也更长。

Health experts on the website LiveStrong also suggest not eating too much for breakfast. This can also make a person feel tired and unable to think clearly. They say eating between 350 and 500 calories in the morning is a good amount of energy to start the day.

“活得更强壮”网站(LiveStrong)的健康专家也建议早餐不要吃太多,因为吃太多会使人感觉疲倦,无法清晰地思考。他们表示早上摄取350到500卡的热量,是开始一天最好的量。

Breakfast is not just good for students

早餐不只对学生好

A good breakfast is not just helpful for school-aged children. We all may gain from eating something healthy first thing in the morning.

好早餐不仅对学龄儿童有帮助,我们所有人都可以从早晨的健康早餐中获益。

A study from researchers at the University of Toronto in Canada found that a breakfast rich in protein and complex carbohydrates increased performance on short- and long-term memory. Carbohydrates and protein are especially important because they have a major effect on long-term memory.

加拿大多伦多大学的研究人员发现,早餐富含蛋白质和复合碳水化合物,能提高短期记忆能力和长期记忆能力。碳水化合物和蛋白质特别重要,因为他们对长期记忆能力有重大影响。

And that's the Health & Lifestyle report. I'm Anna Matteo.

以上就是今天的健康与生活方式报告。我是安娜·马特奥。

(小e英语Jewel翻译,欢迎捉虫!)

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