4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation
Unit 9 Word List
To ail a person or group is to cause difficulty or pain.
→ My brother went to the doctor to see what was ailing him.
An ally is someone who agrees to help or support you.
→ I was happy to find many allies who shared the same opinion as me.
To boast is to talk about how good you are.
→ We all became tired of listening to him boast about himself all day.
To bounce is to move something up and away from a surface after hitting it.
→ Owen bounced the ball on the ground.
A bully is a person who is mean to others.
→ The two bullies always picked on the smaller, weaker kids.
Carbohydrates are substances in foods like bread that give you energy.
→ Carbohydrates like rice are a good source of energy for active people.
To crawl is to move slowly on your hands and knees.
→ The baby crawled across the floor.
To defeat someone is to beat them in a game or battle.
→ The champion defeated the challenger in the boxing match.
A dial is the front of a clock.
→ I looked at the dial to see what time it was.
When someone or something is dominant, they are stronger than others.
→ The gorilla is one of the dominant animals in the jungle.
If you show mercy, you choose not to punish or harm someone.
→ He asked his boss for mercy and to not fire him.
To nod is to move your head up and down.
→ I nodded my head as I listened to the song.
An opponent is someone who fights against you.
→ On the field, our opponents were too good for us.
To quarrel is to argue or fight.
→ Billy quarreled with his wife about buying a new house.
A rival is someone that is trying to keep you from getting what you want.
→ The three rivals were all competing for the same job.
When a part of your body is sore, it hurts.
→ After lifting the heavy box, Mona's back was sore.
To sting is to cause pain by pushing a sharp part into the skin.
→ The needle stung my arm and made me say, "Ouch!"
To strain is to try very hard.
→ Casey strained to lift the heavy box.
Torture is something that causes you physical or mental pain.
→ Greg thought that writing the essay was torture.
To wrestle is to play a game where you try to push someone to the floor.
→ My dad loved to wrestle when he was in high school.
Dalton vs. the Bully
Dalton was a nice boy, but sometimes the other boys made fun of him because he was so tall and skinny. Dalton's biggest problem was Mitch. He was a bully who boasted about his strength. He quarreled with the other boys. Sometimes, if boys gave Mitch their lunch money, he would have mercy and leave them alone.
One day, the boys learned about a special Middle School Olympics. Their gym class was going to be in it. Many kids were excited. But Dalton thought it sounded like torture.
That morning, Dalton ate plenty of carbohydrates for breakfast. He entered the gym and looked at the dial on the clock. It was time to begin. The teacher asked if they were ready. Everyone nodded, except Dalton.
I got stung by a bee. I need to see the nurse. said Dalton. He made it up so he wouldn't have to play.
I don't believe you. Get ready to play, responded the coach.
First, they wrestled. Then they jumped, crawled and played other games. But Mitch was dominant in every event.
They strained all morning to defeat him. By lunch, they were sore. Their entire bodies ailed them. They thought about how to win. They knew the last game of the day was volleyball. Kids who used to be Dalton's rivals became his allies. They wanted him to help them beat Mitch. Dalton was going to be Mitch's opponent.
The game started. Every time Mitch tried to hit the ball over the net, Dalton stopped it. Finally, Mitch used all of his strength. But the ball bounced off Dalton's hands and back into Mitch's face! Finally Mitch was defeated.