4000 Essential English Words 3 Paul Nation
Unit 12 Word List
To anticipate something is to think that it will happen.
→ Carrie anticipated the arrival of her baby.
A barrel is a round thing that you can keep liquids in.
→ There was an empty barrel outside the house.
A beam is a heavy bar.
→ Modern skyscrapers are made with several beams.
If something is casual, it is relaxed or simple.
→ You can wear casual clothes to the party like jeans.
Caution is care and attention in order to avoid danger.
→ Please use the power saw with caution. It is very dangerous.
If something is contrary to something else, it is the opposite.
→ It isn't warm outside at all. On the contrary, it is quite cold.
If you are deliberate, you do something on purpose.
→ Bernie made a deliberate attempt to injure Andy.
To dissolve something is to mix it into a liquid and disappear.
→ I dissolved the pill in a glass of water.
When something explodes, it blows up.
→ My new radio exploded when I plugged it in.
To fasten something is to close it or put it in the correct place.
→ Elizabeth fastened her seat belt.
A germ is something that makes you sick.
→ Germs are on everything that you touch.
A kit is a set of all the things needed to do something.
→ Is there a first aid kit in your office?
A puff is a little bit of smoke or steam.
→ A puff of smoke came from the burnt match.
A rag is a small towel.
→ Please use a rag to clean the dust off the table.
To scatter something is to make it go in many places.
→ I accidentally scattered all of my pills.
A scent is a smell.
→ Julie enjoyed the scent of the flowers.
Steel is a shiny gray metal.
→ The new apartment building was made with steel.
If something is swift, it is fast.
→ The swift horse easily jumped over the hurdle.
If you toss something, you throw it softly.
→ He tossed a coin into the air.
Triumph is what you feel when you win or finish something.
→ He raised the award in triumph at the end of his speech.
The Ice Cream Cone Explosion
One day, John walked to his uncle's ice cream shop. When he reached the sidewalk, he caught the scent of ice cream cones and anticipated eating some ice cream.
Sam opened the door. Uncle John had a new, steel machine. "What is that?"
It's a cone maker. I built it from a kit. You take flour from the barrel and put it in this pan, Uncle John said. "Then add water and sugar here and stir it so the sugar dissolves. Next, you fasten down the beam." Uncle John wanted to look casual, but he was excited. He made a few swift motions and turned it on. There was a puff of smoke, and then cones came out the other end.
Is it hard to use? Sam asked.
On the contrary. It's easy to use. Want to try?"
Sam washed his hands with caution. He made a deliberate attempt to keep germs out of the dough. Soon, Sam had his first cone. He smiled in triumph!
Uncle John tried to turn the machine off, but it just kept making cones. Sam and Uncle John put them on the counter, then on chairs. Before long, cones scattered all over the floor.
They tried everything to stop it, but it wouldn't stop!
What are we going to do? he said.
Kick it! yelled Sam. Uncle John lifted his foot and gave the machine a kick. It made a funny noise and exploded. They were both covered with dough. Uncle John laughed when he knew Sam was OK. He tossed Sam a rag to clean his face and smiled. "I guess we have enough cones now!"