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听故事学4000英语词汇124:腐败的管理员

4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 4 Word List

第4单元 单词表

administrator n.

管理人

An administrator is a person who controls a business, company, or organization.

控制企业、公司或组织的人。

→ Everyone in the store did whatever the administrator asked them to do.

商店里的每个人都按管理员的要求做了。

affluent adj.

富裕的

If someone is affluent, they are wealthy.

指很有钱的。

→ People in the city are usually more affluent than people in the country.

城市人通常比农村人富裕。

audit v.

审计

To audit means to inspect financial records from a person or business.

指检查个人或企业的财务记录。

→ The government usually audits companies that report lower than usual incomes.

政府通常审计那些报告收入低于正常水平的公司。

automate v.

使自动化

To automate a company means to install machines or computers to do the work.

指运用机器或计算机完成工作。

→ When the bank automated, it started installing ATM machines.

银行实行自动化时,它开始安装自动取款机。

bribe v.

贿赂

To bribe someone means to illegally persuade them for a favor with money.

指用钱非法笼络他人。

→ The judge was bribed so that she would set the suspect free.

为了释放嫌疑犯,法官被贿赂了。

corrupt adj.

腐败的

If someone is corrupt, they break the law for money or fame.

指为了名利违法的人。

→ The corrupt policemen didn't arrest the man because he gave them money.

腐败的警察没有逮捕那个人,因为他给了他们钱。

dispose v.

销毁

To dispose of something means to get rid of it.

指扔掉某物。

→ He disposed of the can by throwing it into the recycle bin.

他把易拉罐扔进垃圾回收箱。

headquarters n.

总部

A headquarters is a building where the bosses of a company work.

指公司老板工作的地方。

→ He drove the long route to headquarters because it was a nice day.

他选择了一条远路去总部,因为那天天气很好。

incentive n.

动机

An incentive is what makes a person want to do something.

指某人做某事的原因。

→ The chance of winning a prize was incentive to get people to play the game.

赢得奖品的机会激励人们去玩这个游戏。

infrastructure n.

基础建设

An infrastructure is a collection of services needed to run a society or business.

运行社会或业务所需的服务的集合。

→ Power lines are important parts of a city's infrastructure.

电线是城市基础设施的重要组成部分。

legislate v.

立法

To legislate means to make laws.

指制定法律。

→ Senators have to legislate fairly, so most people will enjoy the benefits.

参议员必须公平立法,这样才能符合大多数人的利益。

legitimate adj.

合法的

If something is legitimate, then it is acceptable according to the law.

指法律上能接受的。

→ She found a legitimate plan to raise extra funds for her vacation.

她找到了一个为假期筹集额外资金的合法计划。

manipulate v.

操纵

To manipulate something means to skillfully or unfairly control or affect it.

指巧妙地或不公平地控制或影响。

→ The Dr. manipulated the data to make it look like the cure was working.

医生对数据进行了处理,使其看起来像是有效的治疗方法。

merchandise n.

商品

Merchandise is goods ready to be purchased or sold.

指带出售的商品。

→ The store added more merchandise because there were more shoppers.

商店因为人流量大而增加了商品。

retail n.

零售

Retail is the activity of selling goods to the public, often for personal use.

指向公众销售商品的活动,通常是供个人使用的。

→ Though cheap to make, once a t-shirt reaches retail, it costs ten times as much.

虽然制作成本很低,但一旦一件t恤进入零售市场,它的价格将是现在的十倍。

revenue n.

收入

Revenue is the income made by a company.

指公司的收入。

→ The new products really increased the business's monthly revenue.

新产品确实增加了公司的月收入。

rubbish n.

垃圾

Rubbish is trash or waste.

指垃圾货废弃物。

→ The floor around the garbage can was covered with all kinds of rubbish.

垃圾桶周围的地板上堆满了各种各样的垃圾。

subsidy n.

补贴

A subsidy is money given by the government to companies to assist them.

指政府向公司提供的扶持资金。

→ The official gave the company a subsidy, so it could open two new factories.

这位官员给了这家公司一笔补贴,这样它就可以开两家新工厂。

transaction n.

交易

A transaction is an act of buying or selling something.

买卖某物的行为。

→ Because the clerk was new at the job, the simple transaction took a long time.

因为这个职员是新来的,所以简单的交易花了很长时间

violate y.

违反

To violate a law, rule, or agreement means to break it.

指破坏法律,规则或协议。

→ I was given a ticket because the policeman said I violated the speed limit.

我被开了一张罚单,因为警察说我超速了。

The Corrupt Administrator

腐败的管理员

Mr. Pig was an administrator at a big factory that made different kinds of merchandise. During a meeting at the company's headquarters, his bosses said they wanted the factory to make more money.

猪先生是一家生产各种商品的大工厂的管理员。在公司总部的一次会议上,他的老板们说他们想让工厂赚更多的钱。

If the factory makes more money, then you will too, his boss, Mr. Horse, told him. It was a great incentive. Pig had always wanted to be as affluent as his bosses.

“如果工厂能盈利更多,那么你的收入也会增加,”他的老板马先生告诉他。这是一个巨大的激励。小猪一直想和他的老板一样富有。

Mr. Pig returned to the factory and started making changes. However, most were not very nice, and some were not legitimate.

猪先生回到工厂后开始作出改变。然而,这些改变大多数都不是很好,而且有些是不合法的。

First, he fired all his employees. Then he automated the entire factory. Machines now made everything, and the other animals, Mr. Rabbit, Mr. Sheep, and Mr. Dog had no jobs. Next, he bribed some corrupt senators into legislating special subsidies for the factory. Finally, instead of paying a company to dispose of the factory's rubbish properly, he violated the law by throwing it into the river to save money.

首先,他解雇了所有员工,用自动化的机器取而代之。所有的商品现在都由机器制造,而其他动物——兔子先生,绵羊先生和狗先生因此丢了工作。其次,他贿赂一些腐败的参议员,让他们为工厂制定特别补贴的立法。最后,为了省钱,他没有请专业公司来妥善处理工厂的垃圾,而是将垃圾扔进河里,这违反了法律。

At first, all the changes to the factory's infrastructure created more revenue. But soon many stores could no longer sell the factory's goods at retail. It seemed that the machines couldn't make products as well as the workers. The customers were disappointed with the factory's merchandise.

首先,工厂基础设施的所有改变创造了更多的收入。但是很快许多商店就不再购买他们的商品,因为机器制造的质量赶不上人工制造。顾客对工厂的商品很失望。

There were other problems, too. The animals had told their friends and family to stop buying the factory's goods. Officials discovered the factory's rubbish in the river, and when they audited the company, they discovered that Pig had manipulated the law in order to get more money.

还有其他问题。失业的动物们告诉他们的朋友和家人停止购买工厂的货物。官员们在河里发现了工厂的垃圾,当他们对公司进行审计时,他们发现猪为了得到更多的钱而操纵了法律。

All transactions with Pig's factory stopped. The factory lost money, and Pig lost his job. He realized his mistakes too late. He had tried to become rich by saving money any way possible, but the cheapest way was not always the best.

与猪先生工厂的所有交易都停止了。工厂赔了钱,猪也丢了工作。他太晚才认识到自己的错误。他曾试图通过任何可能的方式省钱致富,但最便宜的方式并不总是最好的。

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