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旋元佑英语单词词源大挪移 行为动作字根(16)pel, puls = push 推,驱使

Cherie207 于2014-03-05发布 l 已有人阅读

Part 2 字根 表示{行为动作}的字根 pel, puls = push 推,驱使

入门字

compel (v.) 强迫

com/ pel
加强语气/ push

进阶字

1. dispel (v.) 逐散,排除

dis/ pel
away/ push

The sun rose and dispelled the mist.
太阳升起,逐散了雾气。

2. expel (v.) 开除,逐出

ex/ pel
out/ push

The boy was expelled from school because he cheated on exams.
这个男孩因为考试作弊而被学校开除。

3. propel (v.) 推进

pro/ pel
forward/ push

NASA is working on new ways to propel spaceships through the void of outer space.
美国航太总署正在研究新方法来推动太空船穿越外太空的虚空。

4. propeller (n.) 螺旋桨,推进器

pro/ pell/ er
forward/ push/ one who

Jet planes are much faster than propeller planes.
喷射机比螺旋桨飞机快多了。

5. repel (v.) 排斥

re/ pel
back/ push

Two magnets may repel or attract each other.
两块磁铁可以相斥,也可以相吸。

6. repellent (n.) 驱除剂

re/ pel/ lent
away/ push/ 名词字尾

You should spray on some insect repellent before heading into the forest.
你该先喷一点驱虫剂,再进入森林。

7. pulsate (v.) 脉动

puls/ ate
push/ 动词字尾

A distant, pulsating star is often interpreted as a binary star.
一颗遥远的脉动星常被解释为双子星。

8. pulse (n.) 脉搏

pulse
push

Diagnosis in traditional Chinese medication relies heavily on feeliing the patient's pulse.
传统中医诊断很重视把脉。

9. compulsive (a.) 身不由己的

com/ puls/ ive
加强语气/ push/ 形容词字尾

A kleptomaniac is a compulsive thief who steals because he or she cannot help it.
盗窃狂身不由己的小偷,偷东西是因为无法自制。

10. compulsory (a.) 义务的,强迫的

com/ puls/ ory
加强语气/ push/ 形容词字尾

All able-bodies male citizens must serve out a two-year compulsory military service.
身体健全的男性公民都得服完两年义务兵役。

11. impulse (n.) 冲动

im/ pulse
in/ push

The soldier felt an impulse to run for his life, but fought hard to control it.
这个士兵感到一股逃命的冲动,但是努力克制住它。

12. propulsion (n.) 推进

pro/ puls/ ion
forward/ push/ 名词字尾

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory is a research division under NASA.
喷射推进实验室是美国航太总署的一个研究单位。

13. repulsive (a.) 令人厌恶的

re/ puls/ ive
away/ push/ 形容词字尾

Many women find pornography repulsive.
许多女人觉得色情刊物很令人厌恶。
 

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