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旋元佑英语单词词源大挪移 行为动作字根(19)it = go 去,行进

Cherie207 于2014-03-14发布 l 已有人阅读

Part 2 字根 表示{行为动作}的字根 it = go 去,行进

入门字

exit (n.) 出口 (v.) 出去

ex/ it
out/ go

进阶字

1. itinerant (a.) 流动的;巡回的

it/ in/ er/ ant
go/ 形容词字尾

There was a strong demand for itinerant preachers in colonial America.
殖民时期的美洲很需要巡回传教士。

2. itinerary (n.) 行程

it/ in/ er/ ary
go/ 名词字尾

The visiting premier cut short his itinerary and flew straight home on hearing about the coup in his government.
正在进行访问的总理一听到政府发生政变就马上缩短行程,直接飞回国。

3. ambitious (a.) 野心大的

amb(i)/ it/ ious
around/ go/ 形容词字尾

Brutus turned against Caesar when he found Caesar too ambitious.
布鲁塔斯发现凯撒野心过大时,就转而反对凯撒。

4. audit (v.)(n.) 查账,审计

aud/ it
hear/ go

The government hired an accounting firm to audit the books of the bank, which was suspected of money laundering.
这家银行涉嫌洗钱,所以政府聘请会计公司查这家银行的帐。

5. audition (n.)(v.) 试镜

aud/ it/ ion
hear/ go/ 名词字尾 
                动词字尾

The budding singer sent her tapes around, trying to get an audition with a record company.
这位新出道的歌手到处寄卡带,希望能得到唱片公司的试镜机会。

6. circuitous (a.) 迂回的

circu/ it/ ous
around/ go/ 形容词字尾

He took a circuitous route home because he had to go to the supermarket first.
因为他要先去超市,所以绕路回家。

7. initial (a.) 起初的 (n.) 姓名首字母缩写

in/ it/ ial
in/ go/ 形容词字尾
           名词字尾

On the market, initial responses to the book were rather favorable.
市场上对这本书的初步反应相当不错。

8. initiate (v.) 开始,发起

in/ it/ iate
in/ go/ 动词字尾

No one expected the conservative CEO would initiate much change in the company.
没有人期待这位保守的执行长会在公司发动太多改革。

9. transit (n.) 运输

trans/ it
across/ go

Taipei's Mass Rapid Transit system makes getting around Taipei fast and easy.
台北的大众捷运系统使台北的交通迅速便捷。

10. transition (n.) 转型,过渡

trans/ it/ ion
across/ go/ 名词字尾

Taiwan has successfully completed the transition from a labor-intensive economy to a high-tech, information-oriented economy.
台湾已成功完成转型,从劳力密集的经济型态转形成高科技、资讯导向的经济型态。

11. transitory (a.) 短暂的,过渡的

trans/ it/ ory
across/ go/ 形容词字尾

Power is transitory, only truth is permanent.
权力是短暂的,真理才是永恒的。

12. transient (n.) 过境(旅客)

trans/ i/ ent
across/ go/ 名词字尾

The black-faced spoonbill is a transient to southern Taiwan.
黑面琵鹭是南台湾的过境鸟类。

13. perish (v.) 灭亡

per/ i/ (i)sh
through/ go/ 动词字尾

If you set a canary free, it will only perish.
如果 你放生金丝雀,它会死掉。

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