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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:冬日激情篇 291 Fallacies about Food关于饮食的错误观点(mp3)

 291 Fallacies about Food

 291 关于饮食的错误观点

 

Many primitive peoples believed that by eating an animal they could get some of the good qualities of that animal for themselves. They thought, for example, that eating deer would make them run as fast as the deer. Some savage tribes believed that eating enemies that had shown bravery in battle would make them brave. Man-eating may have started because people were eager to become as strong and brave as their enemies. 

 

很多原始民族认为吃某种动物可以使他们获得这种动物的一些好的品质。例如,他们认为吃鹿可以使他们跑得像鹿一样快。一些野蛮部落相信,吃战争中表现勇敢的敌人会使他们勇敢。吃人现象开始发生可能是因为人们渴望变得像他们的敌人那样强壮、勇敢。

 

 

Among civilized people it was once thought that ginger root by some magical power could improve the memory. Eggs were thought to make the voice pretty. Tomatoes also were believed to have magical powers. They were called love apples and were supposed to make people who ate them fall in love.

一些文明人曾经认为,姜根有某种魔力,能改善他们的记忆力。蛋能美化他们的声音。也有人认为西红柿有魔力。西红柿被称为爱的苹果,他们认为吃西红柿能使人坠入爱河。

 

 

Later another wrong idea about tomatoes grew up - the idea that they were poisonous. How surprised the people who thought tomatoes poisonous would be if they could know that millions of pounds of tomatoes were supplied to soldiers overseas during World War II.

后来又出现了另一个关于西红柿的错误观点——西红柿有毒。如果认为西红柿有毒的人知道二战中数百万磅的西红柿提供给了在海外的战士们,他们会多么吃惊!

 

 

Even today there are a great many wrong ideas about food. Some of them are very widespread.

甚至在今天也有很多关于食物的错误看法,其中一些看法很普遍。

 

 

One such idea is that fish is the best brain food. Fish is good brain food just as it is good for muscle, skin and bone. But no one has been able to prove that fish is any better for the brain than many other kinds of food.

一种想法认为鱼是最佳益脑食物。鱼是有益于大脑的食物,就像它对肌肉、皮肤、骨骼一样有益。但是没有人能够证明对于大脑来说鱼比其他种类的食物更好。

 

 

Another such idea is that you should not drink water with meals. Washing food down with water as a substitute for chewing is not a good idea, but some water with meals has been found to be helpful. It makes the digestive juices flow more freely and helps to digest the food.

另外一种想法认为,吃饭的时候不应该喝水。虽然用水把食物冲下去来代替咀嚼不是个好主意,但是人们发现吃饭时喝点水是有益的。水能使消化液更自由地流动,有助于消化食物。

 

 

Many of the ideas which scientists tell us have no foundation have to do with mixtures of foods. A few years ago the belief became general is that orange juice and milk should never be drunk at the same meal. The reason given was that the acid in the orange juice would make the milk curdle and become indigestible. As a matter of fact, milk always meets a digestive juice in the stomach which curdles it; the curdling of the milk is the first step in its digestion. A similar wrong idea is that fish and ice cream when eaten at the same meal will form a poisonous combination. 

很多想法是关于食物混在一起吃的,而科学家告诉我们,这些想法毫无根据。几年前有一种很普遍的看法,认为不能在同一餐中喝桔子汁和牛奶,其理由是桔子汁中的酸性物质能使牛奶凝结而难以消化。事实上,牛奶在胃里总会遇到一种使它凝结的消化液,而这种凝结是消化的第一步。类似的一种错误想法认为在同一餐中吃鱼和冰淇淋会形成一种有毒的化合物。

 

 

Still another wrong idea about mixing foods is that proteins and carbohydrates should never be eaten at the same meal. Many people think of bread, for example, as a carbohydrate food. It is chiefly a carbohydrate food, but it also contains proteins. In the same way, milk, probably the best single food, contains both proteins and carbohydrates. It is just as foolish to say that one should never eat meat and potatoes together as it is to say that one should never eat bread or drink milk together. 

还有一种关于食物混在一起吃的错误想法,即不能在同一餐中吃蛋白质食物和淀粉质食物。例如,很多人认为面包是一种淀粉质食物。虽然面包主要是一种淀粉质食物,但它也含有蛋白质。同样,牛奶可能是最好的单一食物,但它也含有蛋白质和淀粉。不要吃面包喝牛奶,这种说法是愚蠢的,就像说不要把肉类和土豆一起食用一样。

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