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雅思听力重要背景词汇

  一、租房 renting a house

  land/lord, land/lady types dormitory hostel hotel flat,bedsitters surroundings rural areas, suburb, downtown rooms single room, double bedroom, bathroom, kitchen,balcony facilities shower, central heater(ing), radiators, refrigerator, carpet, telephone,stove,microwave,oven), bed central air-conditioning(中央空调)。

  electric stores(电炉),radiators(暖气)

  ectricity,utensil(器具、用具、家庭用具)

  facilities in bed bed linen, spread(床罩),pillow, mattress, sheet,                     blanket, cushion parts entrance hall(lobby, porch) personal information of boarders: pay weekly/monthly lease, utilities, unfurnished/furnished, blackout(停电) guests and hours

  currency(canadian dollars,australian dollars, pound, japanese yen), country and language french,cantonese, mandarin, russian, italian, germnan, portuguese, japanese,

  英文租房广告常用语解析

  fince-warden, lrg 2br bsmt, new reno bright, lndry, eat-in kit, w-o balc, close to hsr/shops. no smoke/pets, , 1st/last. 222-2222 - leave mess. finch-warden 这间房是位于或邻近finch和warden街交界处。

  lrg=large 2br=two bedrooms,bsmt=it is in a basement (below ground).这是地库的两房套间。(注意,两房是指两个睡房 ,洗手间,厨房,厅肯定是有的,所以不写出来) new reno bright reno=renovation,最近才装修过,很光亮lndry, eat-in kit, w-o balc lndry=laundry,指有洗衣机干衣机,eat-in kitchen指厨房大,可在厨房里放饭桌吃饭。

  w-o balc=walk out to a balcony,指有扇门打开可通阳台。

  close to ttc/shops靠近公共交通,购物商场no smoke/pets不接受吸烟或养宠物的租客 租金为一个月,外加水电煤气1st/last首尾两个月的租金必须先交作为定金222-2222 - leave mess打电话222-2222留言联系房东

  二、 学校生活

  (1)学习篇

  enrolment 注册selective/elective/option 选修课required course/compulsory course 必修课course arrangement 课程安排application form 申请表letter of recommendation 推荐信programme/program 某一专业的课程总称school 学院graduate school 研究生院undergraduate 本科postgraduate 研究生school of arts and sciences 文理学院score 成绩credit 学分degrees 学位assessment 对学生的学习情况进行评估handout 上课老师发的印刷品assignment 作业presentation 针对某一专题进行的发言project 需要学生进行独立钻研的课外课题paper/thesis/dissertation 论文/硕士论文/博士论文essay 短论文journal 周记/每周要做的作业participation 出勤lecture 老师的讲课tutorial 助教的辅导ta(teaching assistant) 助教office hour 教授与学生面谈的时间coordinator 课程协调人/班主任professor 教授associate professor副教授assistant professor 助理教授lecturer 讲师dean 系主任counselor 辅导老师adviser 导师mentor 导师president 校长chancellor 名誉校长faculty 教职员工的总称

  (2) 生活篇

  campus 校园common room (英)师生公用的休息室canteen 餐厅dining hall 食堂cafeteria 自助小餐厅accommodation 住宿dorm/dormitory 宿舍dormmate/roommate/flatmate/housemate 合租一间宿舍/公寓/房屋的人parking lot 停车场parking regulations 停车规定shopping mall 购物中心teaching building 教学楼/教室楼lecture theatre 大教室/阶梯教室administrating office/admin office 行政办公室laboratory/lab 实验室student union 学生会society 学生社团club 学生俱乐部student account 银行中的学生帐户current account 现金帐户chequebook/checkbook 支票本withdraw cash 取钱deposit money in a bank 存钱

  (3) 课题研究篇

  research 研究deadline 最后期限poll (民意)调查survey 调查hypothesis 假设statistics 统计statistically valid 统计学上有效的data/datum 数据investigation 调查quantitative 数量的/定量的significant difference 显著的差异interview 访谈respondents/interviewee 回答调查问题者/被访谈的人questionnaire 调查问卷multiple choice questions 选择题analyze/analyse data 分析数据results 结果conclusion 结论interpretation 解释/阐释opinion 观点

  (4) 课程篇mathematic, literature, history, psychology, physics, philosophy, anthropology arts(humanities/social) science/science

  level of courses:elementary, primary, intermediate,secondary, advanced), (5) computer lab 计算机篇

  lab rules printer copier fax machine moderm macintosh network, access to the net

  (6) library 图书馆篇

  due, overdue and pay a fine, renew, information desk stacks(书库) open/closed shelves, library card call slip(索书单)catalogue(under titles/authors/subjects), periodical(magazines and journals), reference books,current/ back issues, librarian and reader

  三、 指路、指示方向

  be far from 距离某处很远be nearby 距离某处很近go straight across/to/through 径直走过/向/过cross (over) 穿过(某条街道)

  be next to 紧邻turn left/right 左转/右转go up/down 向上(北)/向下(南)

  go back/back/back up 向回走go east/west/south/north 向东/南/西/北go on/along…till you meet…沿…一直走,直到…

  be on sb‘s left/right 在某人的左边/右边be the first/second/third from the left/right 从左/右数第一/二/三个directly opposite 和…相对be located behind/in front of 坐落在…的前面/后面be on the corner of a street and b street 在a和b街交汇的拐角处be in the corner of 在…的角落里ground floor (英)首层wing 配楼/建筑的一部分annex 配楼/建筑的附属建筑basement 地下室/第一层twin building 由两个完全相同的部分构成的建筑landmark 标志性的建筑block/complex 由若干个建筑构成的建筑群/街区stair 楼梯step 台阶wheel chair access 无台阶的/残疾人用aisle 过道intersection/crossroad 十字路口a fork on the road 分叉路口a t road 丁字路口intersection/crossroads/junction/clover-leaf 立交桥

  四、 描述人的外表、衣着

  (1)身材medium build average height quite slim  苗条的stout 结实的、矮胖的

  (2)穿着jumper trousers jeans t-shirt short-sleeved blouse pink and white striped skirt top 上衣pullover 套头毛衣be in red/green/dark 身着红/绿/黑色衣服suit (男)西服;(女)套装wear/be in tie 戴领带sweater 套头衫,运动衫stockings/boots flat shoes sandal 凉鞋

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