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胡敏读故事记托福词汇206:脊髓手术The spinal cord operation(MP3)

206 The spinal cord operation

206 脊髓手术

There was a lecture given at a medical school on a spinal cord operation. The professor began:

在一所医学院举行了一场关于脊髓手术的讲座。教授开始讲道:

“In order to have a speedy but safe operation, one must speculate on the entire spectrum of possible problems. As you can see,” pointing to the open cadaver, “this section of the spine is located near the spleen. It is necessary to use this spherical instrument to avoid contact between them. If any spiny spinal fragments disturb the spleen during the operation, the spleen may split open and the patient may begin to spew.” The professor placed the sphere like object into the cadaver and continued. “Now, I shall take out the spiny fragments with this spindly little instrument.” The professor held a long, thin instrument in his hands. He put it spinning into the cadaver. As he applied the instrument, little spiral shavings of spinal bone spilled out from the cadaver. The professor said, “Splendid. The spiny fragments have been removed, and all that is left is the clean up and close. I am quite pleased with this procedure. The splendor of it is its simplicity. All that we must do is consider which problems from the entire spectra of problems that may arise. Such as that of the spleen.”

“为了手术进行得迅速而且安全,必须考虑一整系列可能出现的问题。大家可以看到,”教授指向切开的尸体,“这部分脊椎距离脾脏近。有必要使用这个球形工具以避免和脾脏之间的接触。如果在手术当中任何刺状的脊椎碎片搅动了脾脏,脾脏可能裂开,病人就可能开始呕吐。”教授把这个球形物体放入尸体,继续说道:“现在,我要用这个纺锤状的小工具取出刺状的碎片。”教授双手握住一个又长又细的工具。他把它旋转着放入尸体。当他使用工具时,螺旋形的脊椎骨碎屑从尸体中飞溅出来。教授说:“太好了。刺状的碎屑已清除,余下的工作就是清理、缝合。我对这个过程相当满意。这个过程了不起之处在于它的简便可行。我们必须做的就是考虑一整系列问题中哪些问题可能会出现,比如说脾脏的问题。”

The professor, quite happy with himself, felt a spiritual uplifting as he descended the platform. He said to his assistant, “Be sure to splash some preservative on the cadaver with a sponge so as to avoid spoilage. We certainly don’t want him to spoil.”

教授洋洋自得,走下讲台时,感到一种精神上的升华。他对助手说:“一定要用海绵在尸体上洒些防腐剂来防止尸体腐烂。我们当然不希望尸体腐烂。”
 

Words:

spectrum n.光谱,系列(复数)
speculate v.谱,光谱,系列
speedy adj.推测,沉思
spew v.快的,迅速的
sphere n.球体
spherical adj.球的,球状的
spill vi.溢出n.溢出,溅出
spinal adj.脊骨的,脊髓的
spinal cord 脊髓
spindly adj.纺锤形的,细长的
spine n.脊骨,刺
spinning adj.旋转的
spiny adj.多刺的,刺状的
spiral adj.螺旋形的,盘旋的v.盘旋
spiritual adj.精神上的
splash v.溅,泼
spleen n.脾气,怒气,脾脏
splendid adj.灿烂的,辉煌的
splendor n.壮丽,辉煌
split v.劈开,(使)裂开
spoil v.损坏,腐烂,宠坏,溺爱
spoilage n.(食物等)变质,损坏
sponge n.海绵

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