Cosmetic surgery has been existed for a long history. In 8th century, an Indian surgeon described what is known today as rhinoplasty( 鼻整形术) and otoplasty( 耳整形术).
However, with the fast development of medical technology, the scope of cosmetic surgery has been raised to a far broader extent. What's more, anaesthesia (麻醉法) has made procedures less unpleasant and less dangerous.
It's important to distinguish the terms "plastic surgery" and "cosmetic surgery".Plastic Surgery is dedicated to the surgical repair of defects of form or function——this includes cosmetic surgery, as well as reconstructive surgery. The term "cosmetic surgery", however, refers to surgery that is designed to improve cosmetics alone.
The most prevalent cosmetic procedures are listed below: abdominoplasty(腹部整形术), breast implants(丰胸术), blepharoplasty(眼险整容术) ,buttock augmentation(丰臀术) and so on.