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few, a few; little , a little的用法和区别-初中英语重点短语用法及其区别

few,  a few;  little ,  a little的用法和区别
(1)few, a few是可数的, little, a little是不可数的。
(2)a few, a little含肯定意味,few, little含否定意味。

I met few people congenial to me in the department.
在那个单位里我没碰到几个意气相投的人。

The thief mooched few apples when we are not looking.
那个小偷乘我们不注意偷了几个苹果。

Year by year a few of these slang terms prove so useful that they graduate into respectable society.
年复一年, 这些俚语中的一些证明是十分有用的, 因而逐渐进入了上流社会。

They have a little ink, don't they? 
他们有一点墨水,是吗?

They have little ink, do they? 
他们几乎没有墨水,是吗?

She has a few Chinese friends, doesn't she? 
他有几位中国朋友,是吗?

She has few Chinese friends, does she? 
他几乎没有几位中国朋友,是开吗

She has a little dog.
她有一只小狗。
 

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