spend, pay, cost, take的用法和区别
sb. spend … on sth. 某人花了…（时间、金钱）在某事上。
sb.spend…. (in) doing sth. 某人花了…（时间、金钱）做某事。
we should not spend our fortune.
you really shouldn't spend so much effort on it.
he used to spend all his money on food and drink; now he lives a simple life.
sb. pay …for sth. 某人为某物花了…钱。
we will not pay for your crisis.
all this may be the price we pay for progress.
i'll settle with you, you have to pay for your insulting.
sth. cost sb. … 某物花了某人…钱。
did you reckon in the cost of the taxi?
they deducted the cost of the broken window from his allowance.
we have to weigh the cost of the new system against the benefits it will bring.
it takes/took sb. … to do sth. 花了某人…（时间、金钱）做某事