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spend, pay, cost, take的用法和区别-初中英语重点短语用法及其区别

spend,  pay,  cost,  take的用法和区别

sb. spend … on sth.    某人花了…(时间、金钱)在某事上。

sb.spend….  (in) doing sth. 某人花了…(时间、金钱)做某事。

we should not spend our fortune.
我们不能浪费钱财。

you really shouldn't spend so much effort on it.
你真不该在这件事上花费这么大的精力。

he used to spend all his money on food and drink; now he lives a simple life.
他过去把钱都花在吃喝儿上,现在可节省了。

sb. pay …for sth.   某人为某物花了…钱。

we will not pay for your crisis.
我们不会为你们的危机付款。

all this may be the price we pay for progress.
这一切都可能是我们为进步付出的代价。

i'll settle with you, you have to pay for your insulting.
我早晚要找你算这笔账的,你得为你的侮辱行为付出代价。

sth. cost sb. …    某物花了某人…钱。

did you reckon in the cost of the taxi?
你把坐计程车的费用计算在内了吗?

they deducted the cost of the broken window from his allowance.
他们从他的津贴中扣除损坏窗户的费用。

we have to weigh the cost of the new system against the benefits it will bring.
我们必须权衡一下起用新系统所需的成本和它将带来的效益。

it takes/took sb. … to do sth.  花了某人…(时间、金钱)做某事
 

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