Sam set out to improve efficiency at the shirt fac- tory but, as we find out later in this unit, his plans turned out not quite as he had expected.
SAM ADAMS, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER
If you ask my mother how I happened to becorne an industrial engi- neer, she'll tell you that I have always been one. She means that I have always wanted everything to be well organized and neat. When I was still in elementary school, I liked to keep my socks in the upper left-hand drawer of my bureau, my underwear in the upper right 5 drawer, shirts in the middle drawer, and pants, neatly folded, in the bot- tom drawer. In fact , I was the efficiency expert for the whole family.I used to or- ganize my father's tools, my mother's kitchen utensils, my sister's boy- 10 friends. I needed to be efficient. I wanted to be well organized. For me, there was a place for everything and everything was always in its place. These qualities gave me a good foundation for a career in industrial engineering. Unfortunately, I was also a bit bossy and I wasn't a very good listen 15 er. You'll see what I mean when I tell you about the first project I ever did after I finished my bachelor's degree at the university. After graduation I returned home to my small town in Indiana. I didn't have a job yet. Mr.Hobbs, a friend of my father's, owned a small shirt factory in town. Within the past five years it had grown from twenty 20 to eighty workers. Mr. Hobbs was worried that his plant was getting too big and inefficient, so he asked me to come in on a short-term basis as.a consultant. I went to the plant and spent about a week looking around and making notes. I was really amazed at what I saw. 25 Most curious of all, there was no quality control whatsoev er. No one inspected the final product of the factory. As a re sult some of the shirts that were 30 put in boxes for shipment were missing one or two buttons, the collar, even a sleeve sometimes! The working conditions were poor. The tables where the 35 workers sat were very high and uncomfortable. Except for a half, hour at lunchtime, there were no breaks in the day to relieve the boring work. There was no mu- 40 sic. The walls of the workrooms were a dull gray color. I was amazed that, the workers hadn't gone on strike. Furthermore, the work flow was irregular. There was one especially absent-minded young man in the assembly line who sewed on buttons. After a while I recognized him as "Big Jim, "who used to sit behind me in 45 math class in high school. He was very slow and all the shirts were held up at his position. Workers beyond him in line on his shift had to wait with nothing to do; therefore, a great deal of time and efficiency were lost as Big Jim daydreamed while he worked. All week I wondered why he wasn't fired. 50 After I made observations for a week, Mr. Hobbs asked me for an oral report of my findings. I covered my major points by telling him the following : "If you have a quality control inspection, you will greatly improve your firished product. " 55 "If the assembly line is redesigned, a smooth work flow can be achieved and time and energy can be saved. " "If you decrease the height of the worktables, the machine operators will work more comfortably. " "If the management provides pleasant background music and beautifies 60 the dull setting, the factory will be much more productive. " "If the workers have a fifteen-minute coffee break in the morning and afternoon, they will be more efficient. " "If excellent work results in frequent pay increases or promotions, the workers will have greater incentive to produce. " 65 Mr. Hobbs thanked me for this report and told me he would talk over my suggestions with his brother, the co-owner and manager of the factory. "We're interested in progress here, "he said. "We want to keep up with the times. " He also gave me a check for $100 and a box of shirts with his compli 70 ments
efficiency / n. the state or quality of being efficient 效率 industrial / a. of industry 工业的 neat / a. orderly and. clean 整洁的 elementary / a. of or for beginners 初等的 , 初级的 sock / n. 短袜 drawer/n. 抽屉 bureau / n. a chest of drawers for bedroom use 衣柜 underwear / n. 内衣 pants / n. trousers expert / n. a person with special knowledge or skill 专家,能 手 kitchen / n. room used for cooking 厨房 utensil / n. any tool or container used in the house, esp. for cooking 用具, 器皿 qnality / n. the degrse of goodness which a thing or a person possesses 质量, 品质 foundation / n. 基础 career / n. profession; way of making a living 职业;生涯 engineering n. 工程学；管理 unfortunately ad. 不幸的是；遗憾的是 bossy / a. always telling other people what to do and how to do it, like a boss 爱指挥人的；专横的 project / n. a piece of work; a big plan 项目 ;方案 bachelor / n. a person who had the first university degree 学士 graduation / n. completion of an educational course 毕业 graduate vi. short-term a. involving or lasting a short period of time 短期的 basis / n. 基础 ; 根据 consultant / n. a person who gives professional or technical ad- vice 顾问 consult v. amaze / vt. fill with great surprise or wonder 使大为惊讶, 使惊愕 curious / a. strange 奇怪的 whatsoever / a. of any kind , at all 任何的 , 丝毫的 inspect / vt. examine 检查 shipment / n. the act of sending, carrying or delivering goods 装运，运送 miss vt. be mthout; lack button / n. 纽扣 collar / n. 领子 sleeve / n. 袖子 relieve / vt. make less or easier 减轻 boring / a. uninteresting and tiresome 令人厌烦的 bore vt. workroom n. a room specially kept for working in 工场（间） dull / a. not bright or clear 阴暗的 flow / n. a smooth steady movement or supply 流 ( 动) work flow n. 工作流程 irregular / a. uneven; not continuous 不规则的,不稳定的 regular a. absent.minded / a. so concerned with one's thoughts as not to notice what is happening, what one is doing, etc. 心不在焉的 absent a. not present inspection / n. the act of examining (sth. )closely or in detail 检查 assembly / n. 组装；集合 assemble v. assembly line / n. 装配线 shift n. 班；轮班， daydream v. have pleasant dreamlike thoughts ( abour) 做白 日梦，空想 fire vt. make (sb. )leave his job 解雇 observation / n. the act of watching carefully 观察 , observe zit. observer n. oral / a. spoken, not written 口( 头 ) 的 findings / n. the results of any research or enquiry 调查( 或研 究）的结果 major / a. important 较大的; 主要的 , redesign / vt. 重新设计 design vt. 设计 achieve / vt. get by effort (经努力)得到;实现, decrease / vt. make smaller or fewer 减少 worktable n. a table at which work is done 工作台 operator / n. a person who makes sth . work 操作人员 operate vt. management / n. 资方；管理（部门） background / n. 背景 beautify / vt. make beautifui 美化, 装饰 setting / n. surroundings 环境 productive / a. producing much;able to produce 多产的; 富有成效的 frequent / a. . appening often 频繁的 promotion / n. 提升；促进 promote vt. incentive / n. 刺激 suggestion / n. an idea or plan put forward for people to think about 建议 co-owner / n. a joint owner 共同所有者 manager / n. a person responsible for running a section of a business 经理 compliments / n. formal respects or greetings 贺词 ; 问候
Phrases & Expressions
find out learn or discover 查明 ; 发现 turn out happen to be or found to be in the end 结果是 quality eontrol the activity of checking that products are all of satisfactory standard and quality, usu. by testing samples of them 质量控制( 管理 ) as a result because of 作为结果 , 因此 except for apart from; with the exception of 除了…外 go on strike refuse to continue working 罢工 hold up delay 延迟 , 耽搁 ; 阻碍 result in have as a result; cause 结果是;导致 talk over discuss 商量 ; 讨论 keep up with go or move as fast as 跟上
Sam Adams / 萨姆·亚当斯 Indiana / 印第安纳（美国州名） Hobbs / 霍布斯 (姓氏 )