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新视野大学英语读写教程第二册 unit10-b

《新视野大学英语》是国务院批准的教育部“面向21世纪振兴行动计划”的重点工程“新世纪网络课程建设工程”项目系列教材之一。 由国家级名师上海交通大学郑树棠教授担任总策划和教材总主编,清华大学、上海交通大学和东北大学等全国十余所大学几十名资深教授和中青年骨干教师共同设计、编写和制作的教育部普通高等教育“十五”国家级规划教材,教育部大学英语推荐教材。

Section B

Forty-Three Seconds over Hiroshima

On a brilliant summer's morning in 1945, Kaz Tanaka looked up into the sky over Hiroshima and saw the beginning of the end of her world. She was eighteen.

A white dot appeared in the sky, as small and innocent-looking as a slip of paper. It was falling away from the plane, drifting down toward them. The journey took a mere 43 seconds.

The air exploded in blinding lightning and colour, the rays shooting outward as in a child's drawing of the sun, and Kaz was flung to the ground so violently that her two front teeth broke off; she had sunk into unconsciousness. Kaz's father had been out back weeding the vegetables in his underclothes. When he came staggering out of the garden, blood was running from his nose and mouth. By the next day the exposed parts of his body had turned a chocolate brown. What had been a luxury home in that sector of the city came thundering down.

That life had been a comfortable one, wanting in nothing — at least, not until the war. Kaz's father had been born to a family of some wealth and social position in Hiroshima, and had emigrated to America in the early 1920s in the spirit of adventure, not of need or flight; he never intended to stay. He moved back to Hiroshima at 40; it was expected of him as the sole male heir to their name. But he brought his American baby girl with him, and a life-style flavoured with American ways.

The house he built was a roomy one. There was a courtyard in front of the place and two gardens in back, one to provide vegetables, one to delight the eye in the formal Japanese layout. One of the two living rooms was American, with easy chairs instead of mats or tatami, and so were the kitchen and bathroom. Dinner was Japanese, with the family sitting on the floor in the traditional way. Breakfast was American, pancakes or bacon or ham and eggs, taken at the kitchen table.

What remained of the life he had made was blown to bits though his home was more than a mile from ground zero. He was working on the side facing zero, and had the front of his body and limbs burnt. His flesh, when Kaz touched him, had the soft feel of a boiled tomato.

Kaz was anxiously waiting for the return of another member of her family when a tall chap appeared where the gate had been. "He's back!" she shouted; her brother, at six feet tall, towered over most Japanese men, and she knew at a glimpse that it was him. But when she drew closer, she could barely recognize him through his wounds. His school had fallen down around him. He had struggled to a medical station. They had splashed some medicine on the wounds, tied them with a bandage and sent him on his way. For a moment, he stood swaying at the ruins of the gate. Kaz stared at him.

Later, when night fell, Kaz and her brother made for the mountains; a friend from Kaz's factory lived in a village on the slope of a hill behind the city and had offered to take them in. It was midnight by the time they found her place. Kaz looked back. The city was on fire. She felt uneasy, seized with fear, not for herself but for her parents. She left her brother behind, and dashed down the slope of the hill toward the flames. The streets were filled with the dead and barely living. She kept on running, knowing only that she had to be home.

Kaz's family had been luckier than most. Her father with his burns had to lie outdoors on a tatami, but her brother's wounds refused to heal. As the others were recovering, Kaz fell ill with all the symptoms of radiation sickness. The disease was a frightening result of the atomic bomb. Scientists in Los Alamos were surprised by its extent; they thought the blast would do most of the killing. Kaz felt as if she were dying. She ran a fever. She felt sick and dizzy, almost drunk. Her gums and her bowels were bleeding. She looked like a ghost. "I'm next," she thought realistically; she was an eighteen-year-old girl waiting her turn to die. No medicine worked, since the only known treatment for radiation sickness was rest. As winter gave way to spring and spring to summer, Kaz began to heal.

The illness had not really left her; it had gone into hiding, instead, and the physical and mental after-effects of that historical August 6,1945, would trouble Kaz all the rest of her life.

NEW WORDS

dot
n. [C] a small round mark 点,小圆点
vt. 1. mark (sth.) with a dot 加小点于
2. place (things or people) here and there 把……分散在各处,分散

innocent
a. 1. harmless 无害的,无恶意的
2. not guilty 无罪的,无辜的
3. suffering harm although not involved 无辜受害的

innocent-looking
a. looking harmless 看上去无害的,看上去无恶意的

drift
vi. move slowly, esp. as a result of outside forces, with no control over direction 漂流,飘动
n. 1. [C] things, esp. snow or sand, piled up by the wind (被风吹积的)一堆
2. [U] general meaning without the details 要旨,大意

mere
a. nothing more than; no better or more important than 仅仅,只不过,只

explode
vi. 1. burst violently 爆炸
2. (of feelings) burst out suddenly(指感情)爆发,突发
3. increase very quickly 激增,迅速扩大

lightning
n. [U] flash of bright light in the sky which is produced by electricity moving between clouds or from clouds to the ground 闪电

outward
ad. towards the outside 向外
a. relating to how people, situations or things seem to be, rather than how they are inside 外表的,外面的,表面的

weed
v. take out wild plants from (the ground) 除去(地上的)杂草
n. [C] a wild plant growing where it is not wanted, esp. among crops or garden plants 杂草,野草

stagger
vi. walk or move unsteadily as if about to fall (from carrying sth. heavy, being weak, drunk or injured, etc.) (因负重、虚弱、醉酒等)蹒跚,摇晃
vt. cause (sb.) to feel shocked or surprised because of sth. unexpected or very unusual happening 使吃惊

expose
vt. 1. uncover or leave sb./sth. uncovered or unprotected 使暴露,使遭受
2. make known (sth. secret) 揭露

luxury
n. 1. [U] (regular use and enjoyment of) the best and most expensive food and drink, clothes, surroundings, etc. 奢侈,豪华,奢华
2. [C] a thing that is expensive and enjoyable, but not necessary 奢侈品,昂贵的东西

sector
n. 1. [C] an area that is separate from others 区域
2. [C] one of the areas into which the economic activity of a country is divided (经济)部门,行业

thunder
vi. make a loud noise like thunder 打雷,发出雷鸣般的响声
n. [U] the sudden noise which comes after a flash of lightning esp. during a storm 雷,雷声

heir
n. [C] a person with the legal right to receive money, title, property, etc. when the owner dies 继承人

roomy
a. having plenty of space to contain things or people 宽敞的

layout
n. [C] a way in which the parts of sth. are arranged according to a plan 布局,安排,设计

mat
n. [C] a piece of rough material for covering part of a floor 席,小地毯

tatami
(日语)榻榻米(指日本人铺在房内地板上的稻草垫)

pancake
n. [C] a thin flat usu. round cake made from flour, milk and eggs and fried on both sides 薄煎饼

bacon
n. [U] meat from the back or sides of a pig that has been salted, and sometimes also smoked, which is often eaten fried 熏咸肉

ham
n. [U, C] pig's meat from the leg or shoulder, kept with salt or smoke 火腿

limb
n. 1. [C] an arm or leg of a person or animal 肢,翼
2. [C] a large branch of a tree 大树枝

flesh
n. 1. [U] the soft part of the body of a person or animal which is between the skin and the bones, or the soft inner part of a fruit or vegetable (人体或动物的)肉,果肉
2. (the~) (sing.) the (human) body contrasted with the mind or soul 肉体(与精神或灵魂相对而言)

chap
n. [C] a man or older boy 家伙,小伙子

glimpse
n. [C] a short look 一瞥,一看

bandage
n. [C] a long narrow piece of cloth which is tied around an injury or a part of sb.'s body that has been hurt 绷带
vt. wind a bandage round (a part of) sb. 用绷带包扎

sway
vi. move slowly from side to side 摇摆,摇动
vt. 1. cause (sth./sb.) to move slowly from side to side 使摇动,使摇晃
2. persuade (sb.) to believe or do one thing rather than another 使动摇,使改变主意

slope
n. 1. [C] (part of) the side of a hill or mountain 山坡
2. [C] a measure of an angle from a level direction 倾斜,坡度

uneasy
a. (of people) slightly anxious or uncomfortable about a particular situation; (of situations) causing slight anxiety 心神不安的,担心的;令人不安的

dash
v. 1. move suddenly and quickly 急奔,猛冲
2. hit with great force, esp. causing damage (使)猛撞,猛击
n. 1. [C] (usu. sing.) a sudden forward movement 猛冲,急奔
2. [C] a short horizontal line used to separate parts of sentences 破折号

heal
v. 1. (cause a person or part of the body to) become healthy again 治愈,治好,使康复
2. cause (sth.) to end; make easier to bear 使中止,调停;减轻

radiation
n. [U] (the sending out of) heat, light, or elementary parts of matter produced by an object 发热,发光;辐射,放射

atomic
a. 原子的

dizzy
a. 1. (of a person) feeling as if everything is spinning around; unable to balance; confused 头晕目眩的,迷惑的
2. of or causing this feeling 使人头晕的,使人迷惑的

gum
n. 1. (usu. pl.) firm pink flesh at the base of the teeth 牙龈,牙床
2. [U] soft sweet that people crush and grind with the teeth but do not swallow 口香糖

bowel
n. 1. (usu. pl.) (除用于医学术语和作定语外通常用复数)肠(尤指人肠)
2. (usu. pl.) the deepest inner part (of a place) 内部,深处

ghost
n. [C] (the spirit of) a dead person who appears again 鬼,幽灵

realistically
ad. based on facts; practically 现实地,实际地

historical
a. connected with the study or things from the past 历史的,历史上的

PHRASES ADN EXPRESSIONS

break (sth.) off
(cause sth. to) become separated from sth. as a result of force (使)折断

sink into
go into (a less active or happy state) 陷入(不活跃或不愉快的状态)

wanting in sth.
lacking in sth. 不够,不足

expect of
hope or think it likely that (sb. or sth.) will be or do (sth.) 对(某人)有……期望,指望(某人做)

remain of
be left or still present after other parts have been removed or used or dealt with 从……留下,剩下

to bits
into small pieces 成为碎片

make for
move in some direction; head for 向……前进

take sb. in
allow sb. to stay in one's home 收留

be seized with
be affected by a strong feeling, desire, etc. suddenly and intensely 被(强烈的感情、愿望等)影响

keep on doing (sth.)
continue doing (sth.) 继续做

go into
begin to act or perform in the way specified 开始以某种方式行动或表现

PROPER NAMES

Hiroshima
广岛(日本本州岛西南岸港市,1945年8月6日美国在此投下第一颗原子弹,杀伤惨重)

Peter Goldman
彼特·戈德曼

Kaz Tanaka
田中和子

Japanese
日本的,日本式的

Los Alamos
洛斯阿拉莫斯(美国新墨西哥州中北部城镇,著名的原子能研究中心)



 

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