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Unit 5 Canada-“The True North ”第5单元 加拿大-真正的北方(核心单词)--人教版新课标必修三第五单元学案

unit 5   canada-“the true north ”第5单元 加拿大-真正的北方(核心单词)

1. surround vt.&vi. 包围,围绕

常用结构

surround ...with ... 使……包围

be surrounded by/with 被……包围

the city is surrounded on all sides by hills. 这个城市被群山环绕。

联想拓展

surrounding adj. 附近的;周围的

surroundings n. 环境;周围的事物

易混辨析

surroundings/condition/environment

surroundings意为“环境”时,要用复数形式,主要指周围的物质环境。

condition的复数形式conditions可表示“环境,情况”,但主要表示抽象意义上的。

environment意为“环境”时,既可表示抽象概念也可表示具体意义,包括周围环境、外界、自然环境、社会环境等。

she works in pleasant surroundings. 她在愉快的环境中工作。

it’s difficult to imagine you’re living in such poor conditions.很难想像你在这样差的条件下生活。

an unhappy home environment can affect a child’s behaviour.不幸的家庭环境可能对孩子的行为造成影响。

单项填空

         by the police, the thief had no choice but to surrender(投降). (2009·12·辽宁大连检测)
a. surrounded              b. having surrounded
c. to be surrounded    d. surrounding

解析:选a。be surrounded by被……包围。句子主语the thief 与surround呈被动关系。故选a。

2. border n. 边界;国界;边沿
               vt.&vi. 与……接壤;接近

i met him in a border town.我在一座边境小镇认识了他。

 

she crossed the border in disguise. 她伪装过了边境。

易混辨析

border/boundary/bounds/frontier 这四个词都含有“边界”的意思。

border指“边界”时,常指“边境”,即沿着两国边界的地区。

boundary指“边界线”,主要指领土的边界。

bounds指“具体的界线”,常用复数形式,主要用于诗文中。

frontier指“就一国而言的边界”。

单项填空

her handkerchief has a blue         , which makes it special in the room. (原创)
a. border b. line c. map d.sign

解析:选a。句意为:她的手帕有一个蓝色的花边,这使它在房间里很特别。border此处意为“边饰”。

3. measure vi.&vt. 测量;衡量;判定 
                   n.[c,u] 尺寸;量具;计量单位;措施;(一定的)量,程度

常用结构

measure a by b 用b衡量a

sth. measures 2 metres by 4 metres 某物长4米宽2米

measure sb. for a suit = make a suit to sb’s measure 给某人量身做一套衣服

take measures 采取措施

beyond measure 无法估计;极度

full/short measure 足量/不足量

in full measure 最大程度地,最大限度地

in some/equal measure 在某种/同等程度上

can you measure accurately with this ruler? 用这把尺子能量得准吗?

it’s hard to measure his ability when we haven’t seen his work.没有见过他的作品, 很难估计他的能力。

our thanks are due in equal measure to every member of the team.我们同样感谢每一位队员。

we must take preventive measures to reduce crime in the area. 我们必须采取预防措施来减少这个地区的犯罪。

(1)完成句子

①the tailor made a suit         (为我量身订做).

②success isn’ t         (以……衡量) how much money you have.

(2)翻译句子

①我们教室的尺寸是长10米宽6米。

②一棵高达30米的树被砍倒了。

答案:(1) ①to my measure ②measured by

          (2)①our classroom measures 10 metres by 6 metres.

              ②a tree measuring 30 metres was cut down.

4. distance n. 距离;远方
                   v. 不介入,与……疏远

常用结构

at a distance 隔一段距离;距离稍远

in the distance 在远方

out of distance from 离……太远;达不到

keep sb. at a distance 对……冷淡;与……疏远

keep distance from 与……保持距离

distance oneself from 使远离;使疏远

my house is four miles distance from the sea. 我家离海4英里。

what’s the distance to beijing? 到北京的距离是多少?

the beach is within walking distance of my house. 海滩离我家很近,走几步路就到了。m

we saw lights in the distance.我们看到了远处的灯火。

she was warned to keep her distance from john if she didnt want to get hurt. 有人警告她说,如果不想受到伤害就离约翰远一点。

after he retired, he tried to distance himself from politics. 退休后,他便尽量使自己远离政治。

联想拓展

distant adj. 遥远的;远处的;久远的

单项填空

all human beings have a comfortable zone regulating the         they keep from someone they talk with. (2009·12·江西瑞昌检测)
a.distance b. scop c. range d. boundary

解析:选a。keep distance from 与……保持距离。

5. mix vt.&vi. 混合;调配

常用结构

mix a and/with b 把a与b混合起来

mix sth. up 把某物拌和;混淆某物

mix sth. in/into把某物掺进去

be/get mixed up with sth./sb. 与某事有关;与某人混在一起

the chemist mixed (up) some medicine for me. 药剂师给我配了些药。

oil and water dont mix. 油和水不能混合。

oil won’t mix with water. 油不能和水混合。

联想拓展

mixture n.[u,c] 混合(物);混合状态

用mix相关短语的适当形式填空

①don’t try to         business         pleasure.

②mix the eggs         the flour.

③i don’ t want to         in the affair.

答案:①mix; with②into③be mixed up

6. impress vt.使印象深刻;使铭记

常用结构

impress sth. on/upon sb. = impress sb. with/by sth. 使某人铭记某事

the sights of the city never fail to impress foreign tourists.外国游客无一不对该市留有深刻印象。

we were most impressed with/by your efficiency. 你的工作效率很高,我们极为钦佩。

impression n.[c]印象;感想

impressive adj.给人印象深刻的;令人敬佩的

make/give/create an impression on/upon...给……一个印象

have/get the impression that/of 有……的印象

用impress相关短语的适当形式填空

①father         me the value of hard work.

②one candidate in particular         us         her knowledge.

③you         an excellent         us.

④when i first met him i         he was a humorous man.

答案:①impressed on ②impressed; with ③made; impression upon ④had the impression that

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