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Unit 1 Women of achievement 第1单元 女人的成就(核心单词)--人教版新课标必修四第一单元学案

unit 1  women of achievement 第1单元 女人的成就(核心单词)

1. achievement n.[c]成就;功绩;[u]实现;完成;达到

联想拓展

achieve v.取得,实现

achieve an aim/a goal达到目标

achieve success 获得成功

he received the nobel prize for his scientific achievements. 他因科学上取得的成就而获得诺贝尔奖。

flying across the atlantic for the first time was a great achievement. 首次飞越大西洋是一个伟大的功绩。

完成句子

①没有人民的支持,我们将一事无成。
without the support of the people we can       .

②我只完成了我所希望完成的工作的一半。
i have achieved only half of       i hope to do.

③祝贺你获得这样完美的胜利。
congratulations to you       (介词)       such a complete victory.

答案: ① achieve nothing ②what ③ on achieving

2. behave vi.举止,行为,表现;(机器等)工作,运转(常与well/badly等副词连用) 
                 vt.守规矩;举止有礼

常用结构

behave oneself 使某人自己举止规矩

behave yourself; don’t make a fool of yourself. 注意你的举止, 别闹出笑话来。

 

how is your new car behaving? 你的新车性能如何?

联想拓展

behaviour n. (人的)言行举止,行为;(动物)习性,自学 成才

behaviour towards/to... 对……的态度/行为

(1)单项填空

①david is quite well       in school. he obeys the teachers and gets as in all his subjects. (2009·11·山东潍坊检测)
a. behaved b. concerned
c. involved d. respected

(2)完成句子

①父母让孩子们在客人面前举止礼貌。
the parents asked the children to       in front of the guests.

②她对这个孩子的良好行为感到高兴。
she is pleased with the child’s       .

解析:(1) 选a。be well behaved为固定搭配,意为“表现优秀”,联系空后的内容可知,a项最佳。
          

(2) ① behave well ②good behaviour

3. worthwhile adj.值得做的;值得的,可用作表语或定语,其后可加to do/doing。

易混辨析

worth/worthy/worthwhile

worth 只能作表语,其后接钱数、名词或及物动词的动名词的主动形式: be worth doing。

worthy可作表语,后接of+名词/动名词的被动形式/不定式的被动形式: be worthy of+n./being done / to be done; 也可作定语,表示“值得……的;有价值的”。

worthwhile可作表语或定语;a worthwhile job 一份值得做的工作。常用结构:it is worthwhile to do/doing做某事是值得的。

a worthy winner 名副其实的赢家

buying the car at this price is not worthwhile. 以这样的价格买车不值得。

is it worthwhile making/ to make such an effort? 做这样的努力值得吗?

(1)单项填空

it was       the trouble to settle the problem.
a. worth to take b. worthwhile taking
c. worth being taken d. worth taking

(2)选词填空 (worthwhile/worth/worthy)

①this vase was       five hundred francs at the most.

②everybody has roots. it is       to search for his roots.

③their efforts are       of your support.

④this book is well@reading and it is       of being read a second time.

解析:(1) 选b。worthwhile后可以跟动名词也可以跟不定式,而worth后面只可以跟动名词的主动语态表达被动概念。

(2) ①worth ② worthwhile ③ worthy④ worth; worthy

4. respect vt.尊敬;尊重
                 n.敬意;问候

常用结构

pay/give one’s respect to sb. 向某人致敬/问候

have/show respect for sb. 尊敬某人

respecting = with respect to关于;就……而言

in all respects = in every respect 无论从哪方面来看;在各方面

we all should respect our parents and teachers. 我们都应该尊敬我们的父母和老师。

mr smith always show respect to his children’s opinions. 史密斯先生总是很尊重孩子们的意见。

in respect to the content, the article is very good,but it is not satisfactory in other aspects.就内容而言,这篇文章很好,但在其他方面还不能令人满意。

联想拓展

respectable adj. 值得尊敬的;正派的;高尚的

respectful adj. 有礼貌的;恭敬的

respective adj. 各自的;分别的

respectively adv. 各自地;分别地

one-way fares for adults and children were $18 and $5 respectively. 成人和儿童的单程车费分别为18美元和5美元。

完成句子

①请代我向你的父母致意。
please       your parents.

②我们的班主任是位可敬的人,我们都很尊敬她。
our head teacher is a       person, we all@her.

答案:①give my respect to

       ②respectable; show/have respect for

5. argue v.争论,辩论;说服;主张;认为

常用结构

argue with sb. about/over sth. 就某事和某人争辩

argue sb. into/out of doing=persuade sb. to/not to do=persuade sb. into/out of doing 说服某人做/不做某事

argue for/against 支持/反对

联想拓展

argument n. 论点;争论;论据

settle an argument 解决争端

beyond argument 无可争辩

we argued that we should be paid more. 我们据理力争自己应该得到更高的薪水。

they are arguing with the officials over foreign policies. 他们正就外交政策与官员们进行辩论。

they argued the park into lowering the price. 他们说服公园降了价。

完成句子

①我们总是就金钱的问题而争论。
we are always arguing       each other@money.

②他们说服我买了辆新的自行车。
they argued me       buying a new bike.

③他反对吸烟,而且坚持认为吸烟有害健康是无可争辩的事实。
he argued@smoking, and insisted that it was       argument that smoking was harmful to health.


答案: ① with; about/over ②into ③ against;beyond

6. inspire vt.鼓舞;激励;引发;赋予……灵感;激发

his speech inspired us. 他的发言鼓舞了我们。

the beautiful scenery inspired the composer. 美丽的景色使作曲家文思泉涌。

常用结构

inspire sb. to sth. 鼓励某人某事

inspire sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

inspire sth. in sb.(=inspire sb. with sth.) 使某人产生……;鼓励某人……

the father inspired his son with confidence.=the father inspired confidence in his son. 这位父亲鼓励儿子要自信。

联想拓展

inspiration n. 灵感;启发;鼓舞人的事或人

inspired adj. 受到鼓舞的;有灵感的

inspiring adj. 鼓舞人心的;激励的

完成句子

①老师的话使他产生了希望。
the teacher’s words       .
.
②学生们都被这首振奋人心的歌曲所鼓舞。
the students were al       by the        song.

答案: ① inspired him with hope ② inspired; inspiring

7. intend vt.&vi. 计划,打算

常用结构

be intended for 专供……使用;专为……而设计

intend to do/doing 打算……

intend sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事

this kind of bicycle is intended for people who are too short. 这种自行车是专为身材矮小的人设计的。

today, i intend to finish reading this novel.今天我打算读完这本小说。

i intend you to take over my career.我打算让你接管我的事业。

单项填空

①the book,        for her sister, was lost in the mail. (2010·01·江苏南京检测)
a. intended as pleasant surprise
b. intending as pleasant surprise
c. intended as a pleasant surprise
d. intending for pleasant surprise

②miss wang had       to catch the first bus, but she did’t get up early enough.(2010·01·陕西西安质量检测)
a. turned b. come c. intended d. promised

①解析:选c。intend sth. for sb.意为“为某人准备某物”,book与intend之间呈被动关系,因此用过去分词短语作定语;surprise在这里用单数,表示“一个惊喜”。

②解析:选c。intend有“打算”的意思,用过去完成时,表示“曾打算如此,但没有做成”。

8. deliver vt.接生(小孩);递送;发表(演说等)

常见结构

deliver a baby 接生小孩;生小孩

deliver sth. to...把某物送到……

the baby was delivered in a clinic. 孩子是在一个医疗站接生的。

comrade yang delivered the opening speech. 杨同志致了开幕词。

联想拓展

delivery n. 送货;交付

express delivery 快递

on delivery 送达时;货到时

完成句子

①一些新书已经送到学校了。
some new books have       the school.

②演员用他温柔的声音演讲。
the actor@his speech       a soft voice.

答案: ① been delivered; to ② delivered/gave; in

9. observe vt. 观察;观测;遵守

she spent many year observing and recording their daily activities. 她花了许多年时间来观察和记录他们的日常活动。

常用结构

observe+名词/代词

宾语+宾语补足语(不带to的不定式/动词ing形式)

that从句/what 从句

i observed them enter/entering the shop. 我看到他们进了/正走进商店。

the boy observed what was going on between tom and his little sister. 男孩观察汤姆和他妹妹之间会发生什么事。

we should strictly observe the discipline. 我们要严格遵守纪律。

联想拓展

observer n. 观察者

obstrvation n. 观察

翻译句子

①我从未看过他做早操。

②我们必须遵守交通规则。

答案: ① i have never observed him do morning exercises.

        ② we must observe the rule of road.

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