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Unit3 A taste of English humour 第3单元 体会英语幽默(核心单词)--人教版新课标必修四第三单元学案

unit3  a taste of english humour 第3单元 体会英语幽默(核心单词)

1. content adj. 满意的,满足的
vt. 使满意,满足
n. 内容;所包含之物

he is content despite his great poverty. 他虽然很穷,但很满足。

can you tell me the content of the box? 你能告诉我盒子装的什么吗?

常用结构

be/ feel content with=be satisfied /pleased with 对…… 满意

be content to do sth.满意/乐意做某事

content oneself with 使某人自己对……感到满足

as there is no bread, we must content ourselves with pancakes. 因为没有面包了,我们只好吃煎饼了。

—are you content with your present salary? 你对你现在的工资满意吗?

—no, not at all. 不,一点也不满意。

翻译句子

①你对你现在的生活满意吗?

②there is a table of contents at the front of the book.

答案: ① are you content with your present life?

        ②书的前面有目录。

2. entertain vt.&vi. 使欢乐;招待;款待

he entertained us for hours with his stories and jokes. 他给我们讲故事、说笑话,让我们高兴了好几个小时。

we were all entertained by his humorous stories. 他的幽默故事使我们大家都很开心。

常用结构

entertain sb.with sth. 用……使某人快乐

entertain sb. to sth. 用……招待/款待某人

i often entertain friends to dinner on sundays. 我常在星期天请朋友们吃饭。

联想拓展

entertaining adj. 使人愉快的;有趣的

entertainment n. 款待;请客;娱乐;消遣

an entertaining story/guest 一个有趣的故事/客人

完成句子

①这个孩子正在搭积木玩。
the child is        his building blocks.

②那个镇上几乎没有娱乐设施。
        few        in that town.

③这类机器人是为娱乐而设计的。
this type of robot is intended only        .

答案: ①entertaining himself with ② there are; entertainments ③ for entertainment

3. failure n.[u]失败;[c]失败的经历;失败的人或事

i became successful after many failures. 在多次失败后,我终于成功了。

the new restaurant was a failure and soon closed. 那家新饭店经营不善,不久便关门了。

联想拓展

反义词:success n.成功;成功的人或事

fail v. 失败;不及格

fail in 失败;不及格;不足;缺乏

fail to do sth. (表示否定)未能做某事;没有

i failed to persuade him. 我没能说服他。

完成句子

①at last, he was        (了不起的成功者), while she was (失败者).

②i        (不能)see why you find it so amusing.

答案: ① a great success;a failure ② fail to

4. convince vt. 使确信;使信服

常用结构

be convinced/sure of sth./that确信;坚信

convince sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事

convince sb. of sth./that 使某人相信……

we convinced anne to go by train rather than plane. 我们说服安妮乘火车而不是乘飞机去。

it’s hard to convince my family that we can’t afford a new car. 很难让我的家人相信我们买不起新车。

联想拓展

convincing adj. 有说服力的;令人信服的

convinced adj. 感到信服的;相信的

convincible adj.可被说服的,可喻之以理的

be convinced of sth./that 相信……

i am convinced of his honesty. 我对他的诚实深信不疑。

单项填空

①it will be very difficult to        them        our innocence.
a. convince; of b. believe; in
c. convince; about d. believe; of

②he couldn’t        his father that john was telling the truth.
a. convince b. believe
c. admit       d. display

①解析:选a。convince sb. of sth.意为“使某人相信某事”,符合句意。

②解析:选a。按照句意:他无法使他父亲相信约翰说的是事实。convince 使信服,说服。常用于convince sb. of sth./that ...结构。believe不能用于believe sb. that ...结构;admit承认,允许进入,接纳;display陈列,展览,显示。

5. direct vt.&vi. 导演;指示;指挥 
             adj.直接的;笔直的;坦率的

he directed many shakespearean plays in london. 他在伦敦导演过许多莎士比亚的戏剧。

常用结构

direct+ sb./ sth. +to do sth. 指示/命令某人/物做某事

direct +that sb. (should) do sth.

sth. (should) be done 指示某人做某事(虚拟语气)

the general directed that an advance (should)be made the next morning. 将军命令部队第二天早上向前挺进。

联想拓展

directly adv.直接地

direction n. 指导;方向

易混辨析

direct/directly

direct 是指不停步,不绕道,直奔目的地。

directly是指一种直接的方式,着重对事物的直接影响,不着重实际、距离;表示时间,指立刻,不拖延。

we flew direct from london to new york. 我们直接从伦敦飞到纽约。

you will hear everything directly you come. 你一来就会听到所有的情况了。

选词填空(direct/direction/directly)

①the next flight doesn’t go        to paris,it goes by way of rome.

②he refused to answer my questions        .

③we’ll come        we have finished.

④he drove in the        of the farm.

答案: ① direct ② directly ③directly ④ direction

6. particular adj. 特别的,特殊的,挑剔的

常用结构

be particular about 对……挑剔

in particular = particularly 特别地,特殊地

he loves playing football in particular. 他特别喜欢踢足球。

易混辨析

particular/especial/special

particular特别的,特殊的,挑剔的,强调与众不同的,特定的,个别的。

especial 特别的,主要的,突出的。 强调的是重要性,有“优越,好感”之意。

special 专门的,特殊的,特别的。强调的是事物特有的性质,性格或专门的目的,用途。

on that particular day, the door was opened. (强调平常没有这种现象) 这扇门在特别的一天被打开了。

you need not be on diet but be on regulation especial for overfull. 你不必节食,但要饮食有度,不能吃得过饱。

you need a special tool to finish the task. 要完成这一任务,你需要专门的工具。

单句改错

①she is very particular for her clothes.

②these documents are of particularly importance.

答案: ①for→ about/over ② particularly → particular

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