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Unit3 A taste of English humour 第3单元 体会英语幽默(重点短语)--人教版新课标必修四第三单元学案

unit3  a taste of english humour 第3单元 体会英语幽默(重点短语)

1. badly off 穷的;处境差的;缺少的

i am quite badly off recently. 最近我经济上很拮据。

联想拓展

be badly off for sth. 需要(某物);(某物)供应不足

worse off 境况更差;更穷困

well off 富裕;处境好(比较级:better off境况更佳)

his health is worse off than before. 他的身体状况比以前更糟糕了。

the refugees are badly off for blankets, and even worse off for food. 难民需要毯子, 更需要食物。

capitalism can make you well off. 资本主义可以让你变得富裕。

单项填空

①though he was        , he looked down upon those who had a lot of money.
a. well of         b. rich
c. badly off     d. well–known

②we shouldn’t complain about being poor because many families are much         .(2010·01·安徽泗县一中检测)
a. better off    b. badly off
c. well off       d. worse off

①解析:选c。句意为:虽然他很穷,但是他看不起有钱人。badly off在句中意为“穷困的”。

②解析:选d。句意为:我们不应该抱怨贫穷,因为有许多家庭更加穷困。根据“贫穷”可以排除a、c两项,much修饰比较级,所以选d。

2. cut off 切断(水电的供应);中断,打断(谈话);隔离

the water supply has been cut off for several days in the city. 这个城市的水供应已经被切断好几天了。

they were cut off in the middle of their conversation on the phone. 他们在通电话时被中断了。

when the city was cut off, everyone knew that the total defeat was certain. 当城市被包围时,大家都知道失败已成定局。

联想拓展

cut down 砍倒;消减,降低

cut in 插嘴

cut across 取捷径;走近路

cut up 切碎

单项填空

①he was in hospital for six months. he felt as if he was        from the outside world.(2010·01·山东莱州检测)
a. cut out b. cut off
c. cut up  d. cut through

②with the electricity        , all the machines stopped.
a. cut off               b. cut down
c. was cut off       d. was cut down

①解析:选b。考查短语辨析。cut out删去;cut off隔离,常与from连用;cut up切碎;cut through抄近路。由句意可知,选b项。

②解析:选a。the electricity 与cut off之间呈被动关系,所以用“with+ sth.+ done”的结构。

3. pick out 挑出;选出;辨认出某人或某物

she was picked out from hundreds of applicants for the job. 她是从数百位申请人里挑选出来做这份工作的。

he picked out his sister from the crowd. 他从人群中认出了他的姐姐。

联想拓展

pick at 小口地吃

pick on 选择;(作为挨骂或受罚对象)挑中(某人)

pick up 捡起;改良;进步;增加;获得;收听

单项填空

①this picture was taken a long time ago. i wonder if you can        my father.(2010·01·陕西宝鸡检测)
a. find out b. pick out
c. look out d. speak out

②—how are you getting on with your business, tom?
—i’m glad to say it is        .(2010·1·陕西师大附中检测)
a. picking up b. making up
c. taking up  d. turning up

①解析:选b。表示从人群中“辨认出”,用pick out,故选b。

②解析:选a。pick up在句中意为“有起色,好转”。

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