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Unit3 A taste of English humour 第3单元 体会英语幽默(重点句型)--人教版新课标必修四第三单元学案

unit3  a taste of english humour 第3单元 体会英语幽默(重点句型)

1. not that charlie’s own life was easy! 然而卓别林自己的生活也并不容易!

not that并非,倒不是说,用于句首或短语之前,表否定含义。

who were you with last night? not that i care, of course. 你昨晚和谁在一起?我当然不计较。

完成句子

①kate had lost some weight—          (我倒不关心). 

          (我并不是说这个很要紧), but how did you spend the money i gave you?

答案: ① not that i care ② not that it matters

2. they are so hungry that they try boiling a pair of leather shoes for their dinner. 他们饿极了,只好煮了一双皮鞋来充饥。

so...that 如此……以至,在句中引导结果状语从句。 so 为副词,后跟形容词或副词。

易混辨析

so...that/such...that

so...that 中的so 为副词,后跟形容词或副词。

such...that中的such 为形容词,后跟名词(名词前可有形容词修饰),当that前面有many, much, few, little等词修饰时,只能用so,不可以用such。

he became so angry that he couldn’t speak. 他变得很生气,以至说不出话来。

it was such a sunny day that we could go out for a walk. 天气如此的晴朗,所以我们可以出去散步。

联想拓展

①当little意为“小”的时候,要用such,不用so。

it is such a little sheep that it can’t run fast. 这只绵羊如此的小以至于不能跑快。

②that 前面是单数可数名词,并且前面有形容词修饰时,两者可以互换使用。

he is such a kind man that we all like him.=he is so kind a man that we all like him. 他如此善良以至于我们都喜欢他。

③so...that中的so位于句首时,要求后面的主句进行部分倒装。

so fast did he run that i couldn’t catch up with him. 他跑得如此快以至于我赶不上。

单项填空

there is          little water that it is not enough for many people.(2010·01·山东青岛模块检测)
a.such; so b. so; so c. such; such d. so; such

解析:选b。此处 little 意为“少”,所以第一个空要用so修饰;第二个空后面为many修饰名词,故也用so。

3. then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe as if it were the finest steak.然后他把皮鞋上端的皮子切下来,就像是切下一块最好的牛排。

句中as if引导状语从句。as if从句中的内容有时有主观想像或夸大性的比喻,此时从句中常用虚拟语气。若从句中的动词与主句谓语动词同时发生,则从句谓语动词用过去时;若先于主句则用过去完成时,若后于主句,则用过去将来时。

he looks as if he were an artist.他看起来就像是一位艺术家。

he speaks english so fluently as if he had studied english in america.他说英语如此流利好像他在美国学过一样。

he learns english so hard as if he would go to the usa.他学英语如此努力就像他会去美国一样。
 

完成句子

①那个小孩和我们谈起话来就像成年人似的。
the child talked to us          .

②他的行为就像知道了事实似的。
he acts as if          .

答案: ①as if he were an adult

② he had known the fact

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