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Unit 5 Theme parks 第5单元 主题公园(核心单词)--人教版新课标必修四第五单元学案

unit 5 theme parks 第5单元 主题公园(核心单词)

1. theme n. 题目;主题(曲)

易混辨析

theme/topic/title/subject

theme意为“主题;论题;题目”。演讲、文章或艺术作品的题目,主题,主题思想;乐曲的主题,主旋律。

topic意为“话题,主题”。指人们普遍感兴趣或对之持有不同观点,可供讨论的题目,也可指名篇作品的主旨或某个章节、段落的要点。

title意为“标题;题目”。指文章、书、绘画等作品的名称,还有“头衔;称呼”之意。

subject意为“题目;主题”时,指在讨论、信件、书本中写的或讨论的事、人、观点或事件。侧重发言人或作者等暗示的主旨,含义较广。

选词填空(theme/subject/title/topic)

①this is a one–man show of paintings whose   was the dullness of modern life.

②it was the book’s eye–catching   that helped me make up my mind to buy it.

③the@of your article is very good, but your spelling and style must be improved.

④what books have you read on this   ?

答案:①theme ②title ③topic ④subject

2. various adj.各种各样的

there are various colours to choose from. 有各种各样的颜色可供选择。

there are various ways of cooking an egg. 鸡蛋有多种不同的做法。

联想拓展

variously adv.(情况、时间、处所等)不同地

vary v.变化;不同

variety n.(pl.) varieties变化,多样性

he was variously described as a hero, a genius and a fool. 他被说成是英雄、天才、笨蛋,不一而足。

leaves vary with the seasons. 叶子随着四季的变化而改变。

易混辨析

various/different

various 表示“各种各样的”,主要指彼此不同且种类繁多,强调“异”而且“多”。

different 表示“不同的”,指的是种类不同、不相像、不一样等,强调“异”。

单项填空

①he had a wide   of interests, which made him a popular person that all of us like to make friend with. (2010·01·江西吉安检测)
a. world b. variety c. various d. difference

②geographers usually get information by comparing and contrasting   places on the earth.(2010·01·湖北黄冈检测)
a.similar b. various c. distant d. famous

①解析:选b。考查固定搭配。a wide variety of ...意为“跨度极广的;多种多样的”。

②解析:选b。句意为:地理学家通常通过比较和对照地球各种各样的地方来获得信息。 similar(相似的)只揭示了两者的相同、相似,未对应不同;而distant (遥远的)与famous(著名的)均与“相似与不同”不符,故排除a、c、d三项。

3. advance v.前进;推进;进展
     n.前进;发展

our soldiers advanced bravely towards the enemy. 我们的战士勇敢地朝着敌人挺进。

the enemy’s advance was stopped. 敌人的推进被阻止。

常用结构

in advance=ahead of time 预先;提前

advance on/towards sb./sth. 向某人/物前进

advance in sth. 改进/改变某物

联想拓展

advanced adj. 高级的;先进的

china has become one of the most advanced countries in technology. 中国已成为世界上科技最先进的国家之一。

完成句子

①女房东要求预付三个月的租金。
the landlady wanted three months rent   .

②英国是一个发达的工业化国家。
england is   country.

答案: ① in advance ② an advanced industrial

4. admission n. 允许进入;入场费;门票;承认

admission to beijing university depends on examination results. 北京大学的入学以考试成绩为主。

admission to the concert costs 30 dollars. 音乐会的门票是30美元一张。

he is a coward by his own admission.他承认自己是个胆小鬼。

admit v. (admitted; admitted) 准许进入;录取;承认

be admitted to 被录取到……

admit doing sth. 承认做某事

单项填空

nowadays, more and more students are admitted   key universities every year.(2010·01·湖北武汉测)
a.in b. to c. on d. for

解析:选b。be admitted to 意为“被录取到……”。

5. swing vt. &vi. 摇摆;摆动
    n. [c]秋千;摇摆

his arms swung/he swung his arms as he walked. 他走路时摆动着手臂。

the girl sat on a swing, swinging back and forth. 那个女孩坐在秋千上,前后摇摆。

常用结构

swing around/round 突然转向相反方向

swing sb. from sth. to sth. (使某人)突然改变观点或情绪等

完成句子

①她左右晃腿。
she   her legs   .

②她突然生气地转过身来。
she   on her angrily.

答案:①swung; from side to side ②swung around/round

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