l．重点词汇 force; rapid; praise; encourage; have a talk with; come across; make progress; before long; move on; keep on (doing something); translate. . . into. . .
2．重要句型 1) in 1849, he went to england and made london the base for his revolutionary work. 2) he made such rapid progress that before long he began to write articles in english for an american newspaper. 3) his english was so good that engels wrote him a letter and praised him for it. 4) he found it important to study the situation in russia.
3．语法掌握过去完成时的用法；复习一般过去时：1) marx had learnt some english before he got to england. 2) after he arrived in england, marx worked hard to improve his english. 3) when all his money had gone, marx had to leave his house in london.
4．日常交际用语谈论语言学习（talking about language study）：
1) how are you getting on with your english lessons? 2) my grammar is improving, but i find idioms and useful expressions hard to learn. 3) which do you find easiest/most difficult—listening, speaking, reading or writing? 4) if you have a problem with. . . , you should . . .
part 1 (paragraph 1) brief introduction to karl marx before the year 1849, in which year he made london the base for his revolutionary work
part 2 (paragraphs 2-5) marx's success in learning english and russian and his advice on how to learn a foreign language
part 3 (paragraphs 6-8) marx and engels started a new programme called “communism”.
was born in germany
as a young man
was forced to leave his homeland for political reasons; went to belgium and france.
in april 1841
received his doctor’s degree
went to england; made london the base for his revolutionary work
started working hard to improve his english; made rapid progress
wrote articles in english; was praised; was encouraged; was not sure about two things
kept on studying and using english
in the 1870s
began to learn russian; read articles and reports in russian
1.教师可采取口语对比形式，词汇分析来学习本对话。如：catch a cold与have a cold区别，cut down与cut up区别。 2.教师把本对话按一个听力课形式给学生播放。
3.教师给学生写出how to learn english，组织几个学生进行对话交流。如：
a:i find english is difficult to learn, how do you think of that?
b: that’s right.
a. do you have some good ideas to learn it ?
b: i often learn from the ways of some of people ,you should listening, speaking, reading ,writing or practicing?
1. practise the dialogue in pairs.
2. have a discussion in groups about english studies,
1. talk about the picture to say sth. about karl marx.
2. answer the questions in workbook l. 82, part 1.
3. recite the text.
1. recite the text one paragraph after another.
2. read the second part of the text quickly and try to find the answer to this question:
what did marx write together with engels during 1840s?
after finishing the listening test, ask the students to say something about chinese great person and write it down after class.
before long, long before
long before表示“很久以前”“在……以前很久”，可用于过去时或过去完成时的句子中。before 可以是副词、介词、连词。要注意“it is not long before 从句”结构中的not long before表示“不久……”。
she said she had seen the film long before. 她说她很久以前就看过这部电影。
i'll see the film before long 我不久就要看这部电影。
fast, quick, rapid
the winning car reached a speed of forty miles——much faster than any of its rivals.
…they quickly dragged the drunk to safety. 他们迅速地把醉汉拖到安全处。
it is a rapid river. 那是一条湍急的河流。
catch a cold ,have a cold
l)catch a cold强调“感冒”的行为，have a cold表示“感冒”持续的状态。
yesterday he caught a cold. 昨天他患了感冒。
he has a bad cold now. 他现在感冒了。
2)catch a cold不可与表示一段时间的状语连用，而have a cold of可以。
3)catch a cold中的a可以省略，但cold前有形容词修饰时则不能省略；have a cold中的a不能省，在口语中它等于have got a cold.
put on more clothes or you'll catch (a) cold. 多穿点衣服，要不然会感冒的。
she has had a cold for two weeks. 她感冒两周了。
keep on doing ,keep doing
l) keep on doing相当于go on doing, 指动作、行为有间歇之后继续进行，也指长期坚持某事。
after a rest, she kept on working. 休息之后，她继续工作。
he kept on asking the same question. 她老是问着同一个问题。
2) keep doing指动作不间断地继续着。如：
it kept raining the whole night. 雨不停地下了一整夜。
3)keep on doing 与 keep doing 二者可以换用；一般都不接表示静止状态的词，如
standing; sitting, lying, sleeping等。如：
why do they keep (on) laughing all the time? 他们为什么老是笑个不停?
i've learned about 1,000 words, but i keep (on) forgetting some of them. 我大约学了1000个单词，可有些单词老是记不住。
a piece of advice 一条建议 two pieces of advice 两条建议
some advice 一些建议 follow/take one's advice 听从某人劝告
give sb. some advice on sth./give sb. advice on doing sth./ give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就… …给某人提建议
advise sb. to do sth. advise that sb. (should) do sth.
he advised you to give up smoking.他劝你把烟戒了。
i advised she (should) study english well.我劝她把英语学好。
cut down, cut up
the boy cut down the young tree with an axe. 那小孩斧子砍倒了小树。
the man first cut the tree down and then cut it up. 那人先把树砍倒，然后把它劈成碎片。
force含有暴力威胁之意，其结构是force 名词 to do sth.
the policemen forced the boys to stop fighting.警察们迫使男孩子们停止打斗。
he was forced to give up and put in prison. 他被迫投降并被关进了监狱。
make用法比较广泛，它所表示的强迫意义有时不如force强，常用的句型结构make sb do sth.
what makes you think so? 你怎么会这样想呢?
the children were made to keep their room clean and tidy. 要求孩子们保持房间的干净和整洁。
he received his doctor’s degree in april 1841.他在1841年4月获得了博士学位。
学士：bachelor of arts (b.a) 文学士 bachelor of science (b. sc)理学士
硕士：master of arts (m. a)文学硕士 master of science (m. sc)理学硕士
博士：doctor of laws 法学博士 doctor of philosophy博士
doctor of medicine 医学博士
however, he went on to explain that he was not too sure about two things.
1)go on to do和go on doing
after i finished my english,1 went on to do chinese.做完英语作业之后，我接着做语文作业。
it was raining, but the farmers went on working in the field.天下着雨，但农民们仍继续在地里干活。
2)be sure about/of sth. 或 be sure that…“对……有把握”
i want to buy a pair of shoes for my brother, but i’m not sure about his size. 我想给弟弟买双鞋，但不清楚他穿多大号的。
are you sure that you locked the door?你肯定锁门了吗？
注：be sure 后面还可跟whether, where等引导的从句。
i am not sure whether they could come or not.我不能肯定他们是否能来。
john was sure where he left his watch.约翰确信他把手表放在那里了。
另外：be sure to do sth. 表示务必做某事
be sure to turn off the gas before you leave the room. 你走之前务必把煤气关好。
….his english in one of those articles was so good that engels praised him for it.他的英语在一篇文章里非常好，因此恩格斯表扬了他。
a: so adj. / adv. that
b: so adj. 可数名词单数 that
c: such a adj. 不可数名词单数 that
d: such adj. 可数名词复数 that
e: such adj. 不可数名词 that
练习：用so, such, such a填空：
(1)she speaks ________fast that i can't follow him.
(2)the film is ________ good that i want to see it again.
(3)it is ________ good film that i want to see it again.
(4)they are ________rare (稀少的) animals that only a few people have seen them in the world.
(5)he brought us _____ surprising news that all of us were shocked（震惊）。
(6)she is ________ beautiful a girl that we all like her very much.
key: (1)so (2)so (3)such a (4)such (5)such (6)so
注：当名词前的修饰词是many, much, little, few 时，应将such改成so, 如：
(1) there are so many books that i hardly know which one to be chosen.
(2) there is so much noise that i cannot hear what she is talking about.
praise sb. for…由于……表扬某人。类似的说法还有：
thank you for your help.
i'm sorry for my rudeness（粗鲁）.
excuse me for my being late.
you must apologize (道歉) for what you have said.
yang mei is having a talk with her teacher sara about learning english.杨梅正就英语学习问题和她的老师萨拉谈话。
“have 宾语”常用来表示一个短时间的动作。不能将have简单地理解为“有”。它和一些词语搭配，表现了英语的习惯用法的一些意思——它可表示eat, drink, take. to. enjoy等，其意义视后面所跟名词而定。如：
have breakfast (lunch, supper) 吃早（中、晚）饭
have a lesson 上一堂课 have a song 唱一支歌
have a look 看一看 have a talk 谈一谈
have a drink 喝一杯 have a joke 开个玩笑
have a rest 休息一下 have a walk 散散步
have a ride 骑马 have a swim 游泳
have a wash 洗脸（澡） have a meeting 开会
have a party 举行一次聚会 have a test 测试
have an accident 出事故 have a letter 收到一封信
have a cold 患感冒 have a headache 患头痛
have a baby 生小孩 have a fire 生火
have a cold wet day 天气又冷又温
have a good holiday 度过愉快的假日
have a problem with→find…difficult 在…方面遇到困难
my grammar is improving, but i find idioms and useful expressions hard to learn. 我的语法学习在提高，但是我觉得习惯用语和有用词语很难学。
he is improving in health. 他的身体在好转。
2)find在此意为“发现；觉得”，后面跟的是复合宾语结构，即“find sb. / sth. adj 不定式”，idioms and useful expressions是宾语，hard to learn是宾语补足语。如：
do you find “radio english on sunday” easy to understand? 你觉得“星期日广播英语”容易听懂吗?
i find idioms and useful expressions hard to learn.我发现习语和惯用法很难学。
i find listening really hard.我发现听真是很难。
marx found it important to study the situation in russia.马克思发现研究俄国形势很重要。
they found it the necklace they had been looking for.他们发现这是他们一直在寻找的项链。
you'll find a knowledge of english a must in international trade today.你将会发现懂英语在今天的国际贸易中是必要的。
we found him in/out.我们发现他在家(不在家)。
d. 名词/代词 介词短语。如:
when we arrived, we found him in bed. 我们到达时，发现他在床上。
e. 名词/代词 v-ing形式。如：
we have found him waiting to receive us. 我们已发现他在等着接待我们。
she found the letter gone. 她发现信不见了。
g. 名词/代词 不定式to be短语。如：
he found himself (to do) in a dark forest. 他发现自己在黑暗的森林里。
he went home yesterday. 他昨天回家了。
he had gone home when i got to his office. 当我到他的办公室时，他早已回家了
by the end of last term-we had learnt about 1,500 english words. 到上期期末，我们已学了大约1500个英语单词。
after he (had) arrived in england, marx worked hard to improve his english.马克思到英国后，他努力学习以提高英语水平。
he went on watching tv, after his father (had) left. 他父亲走后，他继续看电视。
marx (had) learnt some english before he got to england. 马克思到英国之前就学过一些英语。
1. learn some useful words about english lesson:
idiom, expression, listening, speaking, reading, writing, grammar, vocabulary, spelling, pronunciation.
2. study the language points concerned with the dialogue.
find out the idioms in the dialogue. ( have a cold, catch a cold. cut down, cut up)
step 2 listening
listen to the tape and then answer the questions in workbook lesson, 81, part 1.
step 3 language points
go through the dialogue briefly and deal with the language points.
step 4 oral practise
scene1: make a dialogue and give some advise(in pairs)
someone has a lot of difficulty in spelling, he just can’t spell the words correctly . sometimes he adds some letters, other times he misses some letters. he always makes mistakes in spelling and he is very worried.
scene2: make a dialogue and give some suggestions(group work)
someone has a lot of difficulty in pronunciation. though she tries hard, she just can not pronounce the words correctly. she knows that the teacher on the tape does not read english in the way she does, but she does not know how to improve her pronunciation.
step 5 workbook
do the exercises in workbook lesson 81.
step 6 homework
preparation the lesson 82.