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VOA日常英语语法视频 Everyday Grammar: For & Since 2016-3-27(英语字幕)

This is Everyday Grammar. I'm Kaveh.

欢迎收看《每日语法》栏目,我是Kaveh。

And I'm Lucija.

我是Lucija。

Lucija, how long have you been living in the city?

Lucija,你在这座城市生活多久了?

I've been living here for six years. Yeah, I've been living here since 2010.

我在这生活六年了,对的,我2010年就生活在这。

So…you've been living here for…Hmm, that's a really interesting point you just brought up.

所以…你在这生活了…唔,你提到了一个很有趣的语法点。

What do you mean?

什么意思?

Well, the use of for and since. FOR talks about a period or duration of time. It doesn't have to be an exact number, but it needs to refer to a period of time. Like,

嗯,就是for和since的用法。for讨论的是时间段,并不一定是确切地数字,但涉及到需为时间段。例如:

For the weekend

For the weekend(这个周末)

For ages

For ages(多年)

Or

或者

For a long time

For a long time(很长一段时间)

Wait, let me try!

停,让我来试试!

We're going to New York for the weekend.

We're going to New York for the weekend.(周末我们将去纽约。)

I've known you for ages.

I've known you for ages.(我认识你很多年了。)

I have been studying English for a long time.

I have been studying English for a long time.(我学英语学了很长一段时间了。)

That's great! Also, FOR can be used when talking about the past, present or future.

太棒了!另外,for可以用来谈论过去、现在或将来。例如:

Last year, I traveled for three weeks.

Last year, I traveled for three weeks.(去年,我旅行了三个星期。)

I'm traveling for three weeks.

I'm traveling for three weeks.(我正进行三周的旅行。)

Next year, I will travel for three weeks.

Next year, I will travel for three weeks.(明年,我计划旅行三个星期。)

SINCE refers to a point of time. For example,

since表示时间点。例如:

I have lived here since 2010.

I have lived here since 2010.(自2010年以来,我就住这儿。)

It has been raining since 8 a.m.

It has been raining since 8 a.m. (上午八点开始就一直在下雨。)

I have been walking since 5 p.m.

I have been walking since 5 p.m.(下午五点开始我就在散步。)

Remember, FOR is used with a period of time. While SINCE is used to refer to a specific point in time.

记住了,for后接时间段,since修饰具体的时间点。

And that's Everyday Grammar.

以上就是今天节目的全部内容。

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