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VOA日常英语语法视频 Everyday Grammar: Pronouns, I and Me 2016-1-25(英语字幕)

This is Everyday Grammar. I'm Lucija.

欢迎收看《每日语法》栏目,我是Lucija。

And I'm Kaveh. And today we'll talk about the pronouns "I" and "me."

我是Kaveh,今天我们讲讲代词I和me。

Kaveh, this is a really important topic. Even native English speakers get confused with this one.

Kaveh,这太重要了,即便英语母语者都会混淆。

The police stopped him and I.

The police stopped him and I. (错误用法!)

That doesn't sound right.

这样表达听起来不对。

Well, when you are talking about yourself in the subject of the sentence, you use the subject pronoun I.

如果在句子中谈论自己时是主语身份,用主格代词I,例如:

I went to the White House.

I went to the White House.(我去过白宫。)

And if you have two people in the subject, it is polite to put the other person first.

如果主语有两个,将他人置于第一主语是礼貌用法,例如:

My brother and I went to the White House.

My brother and I went to the White House. (我和我哥去了白宫。)

I still don't get it.

我还是不懂。

OK. The confusion comes with object pronouns. If you're talking about yourself in the object of the sentence, you have to use me.

好吧,容易混淆的是宾格代词,如果谈论到自己的时候是置于句子的宾语位置,就要用me,例如:

The president waved at me.

The president waved at me. (总统向我挥手。)

Well, that's easy. It sounds strange to say, "The president waved at I."

哦,这样就容易理解了,如果你说Well, that's easy. It sounds strange to say, "The president waved at I."(错误用法!)就很奇怪。

Yes, but when you have two people in the object, some people say,

是的,如果宾语有两个,人们也常这样表达:

The president waved at my brother and I." (X)

The president waved at my brother and I." (错误用法!)

But that's incorrect.

但这样用是错误的。

So the right way to say it is: "The president waved at my brother and me?"

所以正确的表达是:“The president waved at my brother and me(总统向我和我哥挥手)”吗?

That's right. It sounds wrong even to some native speakers. But me is correct because it is the object. If you're not sure, just take out the other object pronoun and see if it sounds right.

是的,即便部分英语母语者听起来是错的,但如果是宾语位置,用me才是正确的。如果不是很确定,就拿掉其他宾语,然后读读看听起来如何。

The president waved at me.

The president waved at me.(总统向我挥手。)

Yes, now add "the brother" back into the sentence.

是的,现在将the brother加到句子中去,就变成了:

The president waved at my brother and me.

The president waved at my brother and me.(总统向我和我哥挥手。)

Wow, that's a great tip. I'll remember that next time.

哇,这个小窍门厉害了,下次用时我就记得了。

And that's Everyday Grammar.

以上就是今天节目的全部内容。

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