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走进耶鲁大学英语听力系列36:艺术学院(MP3+中英)

School of Art

艺术学院

The Yale School of Art is one of twelve constituent schools of Yale University, granting only Masters of Fine Arts degrees to those completing studies in graphic design, painting/ printmaking,photography, or sculpture.

耶鲁大学艺术学院是耶鲁大学12所学院之一,只对完成平面造型设计,绘画/版摄影和雕塑学习的学生授予美术硕士学位。

Any student applying to the school must have an exceptional undergraduate record as well as a complete body of work for presentation. This is further followed by an essay and recommendations from established members of the art world. The complete process for an applicant requires great preparation and the process must be completed in accordance with strict guidelines established by the school The Yale Daily News reported on Thursday, February 1,2007 that 1,215 applicants for its class of 2009 sought admission to fifty-five places. The Yale Alumni Magazine reported in its December 2008 issue that the School admitted sixty-five from among 1,142 applicants for its class of 2010.

任何学生申请艺术学院都必须具有优异的本科成绩以及全新的自我展现。此外还 要有一篇论说文和艺术界人士的推荐信。对于申请人来说,一个完整的申请过程要有 充分的准备而且要在学院严格的指引下进行。《耶鲁每日新闻》2007年2月1日报道说, 1215名申请人争取2009年的55名录取名额。《耶鲁校友》涂志2008年12月刊报道说, 艺术学院在1142名申请人中录取了 65名。

Augustus Russell Street donated funds for the establishment of an art school in 1864. Yale alumnus Andrew Dickson White was petitioned by the school’s faculty to become the first dean. When the School opened in 1869, it was the first of its kind affiliated with a tertiary institution in America. Classes in drawing, painting, sculpture, and art history were inaugurated.

奥古斯塔斯?罗素为1864年成立的艺术学院捐赠了资金。耶鲁大学校友安德鲁?迪 克森?怀特被学院的教师推选为第一任院长。1869年艺术学院开放,成为美国高等教 育机构成员的首家艺术学院,课程包括绘闺、雕塑和美术史。

Architectural instruction was begun in 1908 and was established as a department in 1916. Drama, under the direction of George Pierce Baker and with its own separate building, was added in 1925 and continued to function as a department of the School until it became an independent school in 1955. The department of graphic design was begun in 1951. It was the first graduate program in graphic design in the United States.

建筑教学开始于1908年,并于1916年设立建筑系。戏剧系由乔治?皮尔斯?贝克 指导,有自己的独立系馆,于1925年加人,一直作为艺术学院的一个系直到1955年 成为独立的学院。平面造型设计系于1951年开始设立。这是美国第一个平面设计研 究生课程。

In 1959 the School of Art and Architecture was made a fully graduate professional school. Four years later the Art and Architecture Building was opened to much controversy. Designed by Paul Rudolph, it falls under the category of brutalism in modernist architecture.

1959年,艺术与建筑学院完全成为研究生专业学院。四年后艺术与建筑系馆的开 放受到很大争议。由保罗?鲁道夫设计的系馆属于野兽派艺术的现代主义建筑的范畴。

In 1972 two separate schools, the School of Art and the School of Architecture, were established. They continued to share the Art and Architecture building until 2000. In 2000 a new building opened up for the art school near the Rudolph building. It is called Green Hall and houses BFA students and MFA students in photo and graphic design. The painting MFAs have their own building behind Green Hall, and the sculpture MFAs remain in Hammond Hall.

1972年,两个独立的学院,艺术学院和建筑学院分别成立。两个学院一直共同使 用艺术与建筑系馆直到2000年。2000年,在鲁道夫系馆旁为艺术学院建立的新系馆 开放。被称为绿色大厅,供美术系学生和摄影及平面造型设计专业美术硕士学生使用。 绘両专业美术硕士有自己的教学楼,位于绿色大厅后面。雕塑专业美术硕士仍然在使 用哈蒙德大厅作为教学楼。

The degree of Master of Fine Arts is the only degree offered by the School of Art. It is conferred upon recommendation of the faculty after successful completion of all course work in residence and after a faculty-approved thesis presentation. The minimum residence requirement is two years. All candidates’ work is reviewed by faculty at the end of each term. The graduate student’s primary educational experience is centered on studio activity. Supporting this are structured courses such as drawing, filmmaking, and so on.
 

艺术学院惟一授予的学位是美术硕士学位。学生在校期间顺利完成了所有的课程, 并且论文获得教师认可后,通过教师的推荐获得学位。学生最短的在校期为两年。所 有学生的作业都由教师在每学期结束时审查。研究生的主要学习体验集中在活动工作 室。在活动工作室中教授的课程有绘画,电影制作等。
 

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