Mental health in the workplace
Neil: Hello. This is 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.
Georgina: And I'm Georgina.
Neil: Today we're focussing on the topic of mental health at work.
Georgina: Yes, it's an issue that can be difficult to see. If someone has an injury, like a broken leg or a serious medical issue, it's obvious, and we can understand what's happening. With mental health issues, though, there's no physical sign and people who are experiencing difficulties maybe don't get the same understanding as people who have medical problems.
Neil: It's a topic that has been getting more publicity recently, particularly as members of the British royal family have been talking about it. Also, awareness is raised through events such as World Mental Health Day. And that is the topic of today's quiz. World Mental Health Day is held every year on October 10th. It aims to raise awareness of mental health issues and their effects on people's lives. In what year was it first held? Was it... A: 1992 B: 2002 C: 2012. What do you think, Georgina?
最近，这个话题得到了越来越多的关注，尤其是英国王室成员一直在谈论这个话题。此外，通过世界精神卫生日等活动提高人们的意识。这也是今天测验的主题。每年的10月10日是世界精神卫生日。它旨在提高人们对心理健康问题及其对人们生活的影响的认识。第一次举办是哪一年?是……A: 1992 B: 2002 C: 2012。你觉得呢，乔治娜?
Georgina: I don't know - I think it will be older than 2012, but as old as 1992? I don't know. I'm going to go with 2002
Neil: OK. I'll have the answer later in the programme and we'll see if you're right. Mental health problems are very difficult personally for those who suffer from them, and they also have an impact on businesses. Paul Farmer is head of the mental health awareness charity Mind. He spoke on the BBC World Service Business Daily programme about this. How much does he says it costs businesses in the UK?
Paul Farmer, CEO Mind : We know that the cost of failing to address mental health in business is colossal. In the UK, it costs between 33 and 42 billion pounds a year, about $50 billion dollars, and round about 300,000 people fall out of work every year as a result of poor mental health. So that's a huge cost to workplaces and to individuals. Behind those numbers, though, are the lives of talented, able, contributors who often just slide away from the workplace because they don't get the right help and support for their mental health.
Neil: What figures did Paul Farmer give there?
Georgina: He gave the figure of about between 33 and ￡42 billion - which is about $50 billion dollars.
Neil: That's a lot of money!
Georgina: It is - in fact he called it colossal. This adjective means huge - really, really big. This is the cost to business he says of failing to address the mental health issue.
Neil: Failing to address means ignoring or not dealing with the problems. It leads to staff leaving work, and he says these people are contributors, they give something to the business in terms of their skill and experience.
Georgina: And because of mental health issues, which could be addressed but aren't, those contributors are being lost to the business. So it costs companies more money to recruit and train new staff, and you can't always replace the experience that is lost.
Neil: Let's listen again.
Paul Farmer, CEO Mind: We know that the cost of failing to address mental health in business is colossal. In the UK, it costs between 33 and 42 billion pounds a year, about $50 billion dollars, and round about 300,000 people fall out of work every year as a result of poor mental health. So that's a huge cost to workplaces and to individuals. Behind those numbers, though, are the lives of talented, able, contributors who often just slide away from the workplace because they don't get the right help and support for their mental health.
Neil: In recent years it seems as if there has been more understanding of mental health issues, not just in the workplace but in society as a whole. Geoff McDonald is a campaigner for the organisation Minds at Work. He also spoke on the Business Daily programme about one way that things were getting a little better.
近年来，不仅是企业，而且在整个社会，人们似乎对心理健康问题有了更多的了解。杰夫?麦克唐纳是“工作中的头脑”(Minds at Work)组织的活动人士。他还在《商业日报》(Business Daily)节目中谈到了一种情况有所好转的方式。
Geoff McDonald, Minds at Work : I think what's really changed is people telling their stories, and the more stories that we tell it kind of begins to normalise this. Every single story that we tell is like sending a lifeboat out into the ocean and the millions and millions of people who are suffering in silence, do you know what they do? They cling on to that lifeboat and they realise they're not alone and they might just be normal.
Neil: So, because more people are talking about this issue, it begins to normalise it. This means it becomes 'normal'. It's not unusual, strange or hidden.
Georgina: There are people who suffer in silence - they keep to themselves and hide their problems from others, but because there is more publicity about this topic, they can begin to feel that they are not alone and they don't have to suffer in silence.
Neil: People sharing their stories are like lifeboats for those who do suffer in silence. In this metaphor they can cling onto the lifeboats. Right, we're going to another look at today's vocabulary, but first let's have the answer to today's quiz. When was the first World Mental Health Day? Was it... A: 1992 B: 2002 C: 2012. Georgina, what did you say?
对于那些默默承受痛苦的人来说，分享自己故事的人就像救生艇。在这个比喻中，他们可以抓住救生艇。好了，我们再来看看今天的词汇，但是首先我们要知道今天小测验的答案。第一个世界精神卫生日是什么时候?是……A: 1992 B: 2002 C: 2012。乔治娜，你选了什么?
Georgina: I thought 2002.
Neil: It was actually earlier - 1992. Now, a review of our vocabulary.
Georgina: Failing to address is a phrase that means ignoring a problem or not trying to help with a problem.
fail to address是一个短语，意思是忽视问题或不试图帮助解决问题。
Neil: Something colossal is very, very big.
Georgina: A contributor is someone who has something to give, who is a positive benefit to, in this case, a business.
Neil: Then we have the verb to normalise, meaning to make something normal.
Georgina: Someone who suffers in silence, doesn't talk about their problems and may hide them from others.
Neil: And finally, if you cling on to something, you hold on to it tightly, you don't want to let it go. And that's all from us from this programme. We look forward to your company again soon. In the meantime find us online, on social media and on the BBC Learning English app.
最后，cling on to something指抓着某件事不放，抓得很紧，不想放手。以上就是本期节目的全部内容。我们期待着不久再见。与此同时，你可以在网络、社交媒体和BBC英语学习应用上找到我们。