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VOA美国万花筒:新约会APP 使用DNA帮助人们找到爱情

Pheramor.jpg
New Dating App Uses DNA to Help People Find Love

新的约会应用程序使用DNA来帮助人们找到爱情

Creators of a new dating app are using people's genetics to help people find love. They claim that, with tissue from inside someone's mouth, the app can match people with others they are most likely to find attractive.

新的约会应用程序开发者正在使用人类的遗传学来帮助大家找到爱情。开发者声称:应用可以通过某人口腔里的体素来匹配到对此人可能最有吸引力的人。

The company is called Pheramor. The name is a combination of the words "pheromone" -- the small molecules sent from the body and smelled by the people around us -- and "amour", the French word for love.

这家公司叫Pheramor。名称是单词pheromone和amour结合而成。“pheromone”的意思是信息素,一种个体分泌到体外,被同类通过嗅觉器官察觉的物质,而“amour”是法语爱情的意思。

Love from science

从科学角度说爱

The company says their app is based on 40 years of research showing there are 11 genetic markers proven by scientists to be "responsible for attraction."

这家公司称此应用程序的开发是基于40年的研究结果,科学家证明有11项基因标记负责施展魅力吸引人。

Asma Mirza is the company's chief and co-creator. She said, "Pheramor looks at genetics-based human attraction and social media metadata to help people increase their efficiency of dating."

阿斯玛·米尔扎是公司的负责人及和合伙创始人。她说:“Pheramor通过结合基于遗传学的个人吸引力和社交媒体数据,帮助大家提高约会效率。”

Rasmus Nielsen is a professor of computational biology and human genetics at UC-Berkeley. He says there are some links between the 11 genetic markers, called MHC type, and attraction. However, it is still difficult to reach a scientific conclusion.

莱斯蒙斯·尼尔森是加州大学伯克利分校的计算生物学和人类遗传学教授。他称,这11项基因标记,即MHC(肌球蛋白重链)类型与吸引力之间相关联。不过,还是很难得出科学结论。

There is some idea that maybe when we mate, we avoid individuals with the same MHC type. And that's what they are basing it on... It's still very, very, very, very controversial as to whether humans can even do this. And there's really very little science into whether it would help us predict mates, Nielsen said.

尼尔森表示:“还有个观点,在我们约会时,我们或许会避开与自己拥有相同MHC类型的人。这是他们的理论依据。不过,至于人类是否真的有如此行为,大家的争议非常非常大。这款应用到底能否帮助我们预测伴侣,从科学角度说,依据太少。”

However, Nielsen added that research has shown that mice can recognize DNA that is similar to the DNA of their parents. Mice also know to avoid mating with family members.

不过,尼尔森补充说,研究表明,老鼠能够识别出与父母DNA相似的DNA。老鼠还知道避开与家庭成员交配。

On the company website, Pheramor says, "We are constantly smelling each other's pheromone profiles,and deciding how attractive an individual is without even noticing it."

在Pheramor的公司网站上有句话“我们不经意间,通过不停地闻彼此信息素特征,来决定一个人是否有吸引力。

Pheramor names a study from the 1990s called "The Sweaty T-shirt Experiment." In that study, women rated clothing worn for three days by individual men. The scientists found that women were more attracted to the scent of a man whose genetics were more different than their own.

在90年代有项“汗湿T恤实验”就叫“Pheramor”。在那项研究中,妇女分别为每位男士穿过3天的T恤点评。科学家发现,妇女更容易被与自身遗传基因不同的男士所吸引。

But Nielsen says that kind of study has never really been repeated successfully.

但尼尔森也表示,这项研究并未经过成功的反复实验。

Creating a fuller picture

创建更全面的信息

Pheramor creators say critics are too concerned about the app's use of pheromones. They note that the app does not only look at genetic information. It also looks at a person's social media activity. This information offers a fuller picture of someone's behavior and interests.

应用Pheramor的开发者说,评论家们过于关注应用程序对于信息素的使用。他们注意到,应用程序不仅可以查看基因信息,还可以查看一个人的社交媒体动态。这些信息对某个人的言行举止和兴趣给出了更全面的参考。

Users can connect all of their social media activity to the app. Pheramor then uses its algorithm to help find matches.

用户可以将所有社交媒体活动与应用程序对接。然后Pheramor通过算法来匹配对象。

Users send the company a sample of tissue from inside their mouths. It takes about two weeks to get the test results. The test costs $19.99. Pheramor also charges users $10 a month.

用户再将从口腔里取出的体素样本发送给公司。两周后就会得到测试结果。测试费用为19.99美元,Pheramor还会向用户收取每月10元的使用费。

Along with helping people find love, the company says it is is also helping save lives.

公司称,除了帮助用户找到爱情之外,还可以救命。

The same 11 genetic markers they are looking at are the same used to fight blood cancers. Pheramor is working with a national cancer registry called Gift of Life. Pheramor users can choose to be added to the registry to possibly be a match for someone fighting leukemia, lymphoma or other blood cancers.

因为在治疗血癌时,就是通过这11项遗传基因标记来寻找(配对者)的。“Pheramor”正在与一个叫做“生命礼物”的国家癌症登记处合作。“Pheramor”的用户可以通过选择添加到注册表,来帮助正在对抗白血病、淋巴瘤或其它血癌患者进行配对。

I'm Phil Dierking.

我是菲尔·迪尔金。

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