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2019高科技:量子计算,Facebook的数字货币,互联网发明家的警告

Top Tech 2019: Quantum Computing, Facebook's Libra, Internet Inventor's Warning

2019高科技:量子计算,Facebook的数字货币,互联网发明家的警告

During 2019, we covered some big developments involving computer and device technology. We also reported on growing opposition to facial recognition systems and warnings by the inventor of the World Wide Web about the internet's future.

在2019年,我们报道了一些涉及计算机和设备技术的重大发展。我们还报道了越来越多的人反对面部识别系统,以及万维网发明者对互联网未来的警告。

Quantum computing

量子计算

Google announced it had completed successful experiments that led to a major development in quantum computing technology.

谷歌宣布他们已经取得了成功的实验,这导致了量子计算技术的重大发展。

In one test, the team said its quantum computer processor was able to complete a complex mathematical problem in just 200 seconds. The scientists said the same problem would have taken the world's fastest supercomputer 10,000 years to finish.

在一次测试中,该团队称其量子计算机处理器能够在200秒内完成一个复杂的数学问题。科学家们说,同样的问题可能需要世界上最快的超级计算机1万年才能完成。

The researchers described the new progress as "quantum supremacy." This term describes a point at which a quantum computer can perform a calculation that a traditional computer could never complete within its lifetime.

研究人员将这一新进展称为“量子霸权”。这个术语描述了量子计算机可以执行传统计算机在其生命周期内无法完成的计算。

3D printed heart

3D打印心脏

Israeli researchers reported they had built the world's first 3D-printed heart using a patient's own cells. The scientists said the small "printed" heart was the first-ever 3D printed heart created to include both tissue and blood vessels.

以色列研究人员报告说,他们利用病人自己的细胞制造了世界上第一个3D打印心脏。科学家们表示,这颗“打印”出来的小心脏是史上第一个同时拥有组织和血管的3D打印心脏。

The team expressed excitement at the progress made, but said much more research is needed to come up with a fully working 3D-printed human heart that can effectively pump blood.

研究小组对这一进展很兴奋,但表示还需要进行更多的研究,才能制造出能够有效泵血的3D打印心脏。

Solar roof car

屋顶太阳能汽车

South Korea's Hyundai Motor Group announced the launch of its first vehicle with a solar top, or roof, charging system. The new system became available for Hyundai's new Sonata Hybrid model. The vehicle has a structure of solar equipment on top of the car to capture energy from the sun to help charge the battery.

韩国现代汽车集团宣布推出首款配备太阳能充电系统的汽车。新系统可用于现代的新索纳塔混合动力模型。这辆车的车顶装有太阳能设备,可以从太阳能中获取能量,为电池充电。

Facebook Libra

Facebook货币

Facebook announced the launch of its own cryptocurrency in a major new push into the worldwide financial services industry. The U.S.-based social media company said its digital currency, called Libra, could become available publicly in the first half of 2020.

·Facebook宣布推出自己的加密货币,这是该公司进军全球金融服务行业的一项重大举措。美国这家总部位于美国的社交媒体公司表示,其数字货币Libra可能在2020年上半年上市。

Facebook said Libra will be available to anyone with a smartphone and internet connection. The company said the service is designed to make moving money around the world just as easy as sending a text message.

·Facebook表示,数字货币Libra适合任何有智能手机和互联网连接的人。该公司表示,这项服务的目的是让在世界各地转账就像发送短信一样简单。

Drone deliveries

无人机交付

Several American companies announced new delivery services involving drone aircraft. CVS Health Corporation is partnering with international shipping company UPS to bring drugs and other products directly to people's home by drone. Other companies also said they also plan to carry out major drone delivery tests or launch new services in 2020.

几家美国公司宣布了新的无人机送货服务。CVS健康公司正与国际航运公司联合包裹合作,通过无人机将药品和其他产品直接送到人们家中。其他公司也表示,他们还计划在2020年进行无人机交付测试或推出新服务。

Facial recognition opposition

反对面部识别

San Francisco became the first major U.S. city to ban facial recognition technology by local law enforcement and all other city agencies. The ban was part of a bill that restricts surveillance technologies. The measure also ordered San Francisco agencies to describe any current or future facial recognition activities.

旧金山成为美国第一个禁止面部识别技术的主要城市,该技术是由当地执法部门和所有其他城市机构实施的。这项禁令是限制监控技术的法案的一部分。这项措施还要求旧金山的机构描述任何当前或未来的面部识别活动。

Internet inventor warns

互联网的发明者警告

The man credited with inventing the World Wide Web called for major changes to make the internet better for humanity. Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the internet system 30 years ago.

发明万维网的人呼吁进行重大变革,使互联网更好地造福人类。蒂姆·伯纳斯-李在30年前首次提出了互联网系统。

Berners-Lee spoke several times during 2019 about the current state of the internet, now used by about half the world's population.

伯纳斯-李在2019年多次谈到互联网的现状,目前全世界约有一半人口使用互联网。

In an open letter, Berners-Lee said the web had clearly created great opportunities for humanity to progress and made life easier for millions of people. It also gave groups traditionally not heard a new voice in society. However, he added that the web had also provided new ways for "scammers" to carry out crimes and "given a voice to those who spread hatred."

伯纳斯-李在一封公开信中说,互联网显然为人类进步创造了巨大的机会,并使数百万人的生活更加便利。它还赋予了传统上无法在社会上听到新声音的群体。然而,他补充说,网络也为“骗子”实施犯罪提供了新的途径,并“为那些散播仇恨的人发出了声音”。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

布莱恩·林恩为您播报。

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